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Travail, emploi et douance
Sujet émergent depuis quelques années, la question des adultes doués et de la place qui leur est faite au sein de notre société met en évidence les difficultés d'intégration socio-professionnelle auxquelles ces derniers sont exposés. Bénéficiant d'une intelligence à laquelle sont cependant corrélées certaines vulnérabilités, les personnes douées ne bénéficient pas toujours de conditions favorables au développement de leur plein potentiel. Pourtant,...
Mental Illness, Social Suffering and Structural Antagonism in the Labour Process
Workplace conditions and experiences powerfully influence mental health and individuals experiencing mental illness, including the extent to which people experiencing mental ill-health are ‘disabled' by their work environments. This article explains how examination of the social suffering experienced in workplaces by people with mental illness could enhance understanding of the inter-relationships between mental health and workplace conditions, including experiences and characteristics of the overarching labour process. It examines how workplace perceptions and narratives around mental...
Demographic differences in safety proactivity behaviors and safety management in Chinese small-scale enterprises
The study examines demographic differences in safety proactivity behaviors (i.e., safety whistleblowing, safety voice, and safety initiative) and safety procedure, safety management, and safety hazards identification. The data was collected from 503 employees in Chinese small–scale enterprises by using one–way ANOVA. The results showed that safety proactivity behaviors were significantly correlated with age groups, safety initiative with education level, and safety management with gender. Safety procedure, safety management and safety hazards identification were significantly correlated...
Safe Employment Integration of Recent Immigrants and Refugees
This study examined the employment preparation and work experiences of recent immigrants and refugees in Ontario, Canada, to determine key resource needs and opportunities related to safe work integration. In-depth interviews were conducted with 22 service providers, program developers, and policy-makers from the immigration and employment fields. Eighteen focus groups were held with 110 recent immigrants and refugees who were looking for work or who had recently found work. An exploratory qualitative approach was used to collect and analyze the data. First jobs were often characterized by precarity...
Ségrégation professionnelle entre les femmes et les hommes : quels liens avec le temps partiel ?
La ségrégation professionnelle entre les femmes et les hommes et la concentration du temps partiel dans les métiers féminisés questionnent sur les rôles respectifs des facteurs liés à la demande et à l'offre de travail. Les femmes et les hommes exercent-ils des métiers différents en raison de leurs préférences et attitudes différenciées ou plutôt en raison de mécanismes de sélection sur le marché du travail ? Les femmes exercent-elles de façon privilégiée...
Quels liens entre les actions de prévention et le maintien en emploi des personnes à santé fragile ?
Les salariés qui sont en emploi en 2013 et qui présentent une santé altérée sont 83 % à être en emploi trois ans plus tard, contre 89 % des personnes en bonne santé. Comme pour les salariés en bonne santé, les plus diplômés et les fonctionnaires ont plus de chances e se maintenir en emploi malgré une santé altérée que les salariés moins diplômés ou en contrat de droit privé (CDD, CDI). Avoir connu très peu d'interruptions de carrière pour inactivité...
A meta-analysis of the relationship between ageing and occupational safety and health
Existing studies show contradictory evidence on the relationship between ageing and occupational safety and health (OSH). The present study presents a systematic review of international research on age-related occupational accident risks for the last 30?years using meta-analysis technique. A summary of odds ratios on occupational risk incidence of older workers versus younger workers were grouped by outcome of occupational accidents. Potential moderators that could influence the relationship of ageing and OSH were analysed. Results showed that older workers are more vulnerable than younger workers...
L’intensification du travail, et l’intensification des changements dans le travail : quels enjeux pour les travailleurs expérimentés ?
Cet article examine, sur la base de recherches en ergonomie, en psychologie du travail et en démographie du travail, les enjeux de la confrontation entre deux tendances en cours : le vieillissement structurel de la population au travail d'une part, l'intensification du travail et celle des changements dans le travail d'autre part. Cette analyse comporte un rappel des constats sur ces évolutions elles-mêmes, et une synthèse des connaissances sur les difficultés que l'intensification du travail, ou celle des changements, peut provoquer pour les travailleurs...
Boomers with and without chronic conditions have similar needs for workplace supports
IWH study of older workers finds those in good health similar to those with arthritis or diabetes in using—and benefiting from—programs such as flex-time and telework But an older workforce does present other challenges related to health and accommodation issues. Research to date has shown that age-related chronic health conditions such as diabetes and arthritis can create problems for workplaces in the form of increased absenteeism and lost productivity. To understand some of those challenges, a study led by Institute for Work & Health (IWH) Senior Scientist Dr. Monique Gignac...
Santé et maintien en emploi : prévention de la désinsertion professionnelle des travailleurs
Dans un contexte de vieillissement de la population active, de prévalence des maladies chroniques et de recul progressif de l'âge de départ en retraite, le maintien en emploi est un facteur de santé et d'augmentation de l'espérance de vie en bonne santé. Le périmètre de ces recommandations est circonscrit à la stratégie à mettre en œuvre à une échelle individuelle, dès lors qu'un risque de désinsertion professionnelle est identifié ou pressenti du fait d'une altération...
The world(s) of work in transition
The report of the third joint ETUI-ETUC conference, held on 27-29 June 2018, summarises the three days of discussion that took place when over 500 delegates gathered in Brussels to debate the future of work. The ambition of the 2018 event was to analyse the impact of the four key ‘megatrends’ – globalization, climate change, digitalization and the demographic transition disrupting societies and economies. Source: https://www.etui.org/Publications2/Conference-reports/The-world-s-of-work-in-transition
Determinants of Workplace Injuries and Violence Among Newly Licensed RNs
Workplace injuries, such as musculoskeletal injuries, needlestick injuries, and emotional and physical violence, remain an issue in U.S. hospitals. To develop meaningful safety programs, it is important to identify workplace factors that contribute to injuries. This study explored factors that affect injuries in a sample of newly licensed registered nurses (NLRNs) in Florida. Regressions were run on models in which the dependent variable was the degree to which the respondent had experienced needlesticks, work-related musculoskeletal injuries, cuts or lacerations, contusions, verbal violence, physical...
La vie cinq ans après un diagnostic de cancer
Une deuxième enquête VICAN5 (cinq ans après le diagnostic) a été réalisée en 2015, dans la continuité de l'enquête VICAN2 réalisée en 2012 auprès de malades vivant en France métropolitaine. En continuant de s'appuyer sur la trame développée dans la restitution des données de la première enquête, les résultats présentés dans cet ouvrage tentent d'évaluer les changements survenus dans la vie des personnes au cours de cet intervalle allongé...
Framework for Considering Productive Aging and Work
Objectives: The U.S. population is experiencing a demographic transition resulting in an aging workforce. The objective of this article is to elucidate and expand an approach to keep that workforce safe, healthy, and productive. Methods: This article elucidates the framework for the National Center for Productive Aging at Work of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Subject matter experts used a snowball method to review published literature to substantiate elements in the framework. Results: Evidence-based literature supports a productive aging framework for the workforce...
Age, burnout and physical and psychological work ability among nurses
Background: The ageing of the US labour force highlights the need to examine older adults' physical and psychological ability to work, under varying levels of occupational burnout. Aims: To examine how age and burnout interact in predicting physical and psychological work ability. Methods: Using a cohort of actively working nurses, we assessed factors on the Work Ability Index at 12-month follow-up and determined how these were related to age and exhaustion-related burnout at baseline. Results: The study group consisted of 402 nurses aged 25–67 (mean = 41.7). Results indicated age by...
Live Longer, Work Longer: The Changing Nature of the Labour Market for Older Workers in OECD Countries
Population ageing poses stark dilemmas for labour markets, social protection systems and cultural norms. It will put strong downward pressure on labour supply, leading to falling real incomes and huge financial pressures on social protection systems unless there is an offsetting increase in employment rates. This is especially true for older workers whose employment rates are well below those of prime-age adults. In this paper, I examine how the labour market for older workers has evolved in OECD countries since 1990, what are the main forces at work, what are the main obstacles to working longer...
Differences in safety training among smaller and larger construction firms with non-native workers
Evidence of overlapping vulnerabilities Collaborative efforts between the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and the American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE) led to a report focusing on overlapping occupational vulnerabilities, specifically small construction businesses employing young, non-native workers. Following the report, an online survey was conducted by ASSE with construction business representatives focusing on training experiences of non-native workers. Results were grouped by business size (50 or fewer employees or more than 50 employees). Smaller businesses...
Quels sont les facilitateurs du maintien en emploi en santé des travailleurs seniors dans un milieu d’éducation au Québec?
Le pourcentage de travailleurs seniors âgés de 45 ans et plus augmente sans cesse sur le marché du travail au Québec. Dans le secteur de l'éducation, une large portion de la main-d'œuvre est âgée de 45 ans et plus (41 %) et un tiers du personnel aura quitté son poste entre 2009 et 2018 (Grenier, 2009). Des statistiques récentes montrent aussi que les lésions tant de nature physique que psychologique des travailleurs québécois du secteur de l'éducation sont souvent associées à...
Health warning for employers: Supporting older workers with health conditions
Research shows that employers are not properly supporting older workers experiencing long-term physical and mental health conditions. As the number of working age people with long-term health conditions rises, Government and employers need to improve workplaces and support systems to help people to manage their health conditions and continue to work. The report was based on research with over 1,000 people who are managing a health condition at work. It found that older workers are more likely than younger workers to be managing multiple long-term conditions and that health conditions are the main...
Accidents du travail et de trajet des salariés seniors en France
En France, le nombre de travailleurs de 50 ans et plus a fortement progressé ces dernières années du fait des évolutions démographiques et de la progression du taux d'emploi des seniors. D'après les projections de l'Insee, le nombre de seniors devrait encore s'accroître dans les années à venir. Pour autant, très peu d'études sont disponibles pour décrire les risques professionnels auxquels ils sont confrontés. L'objectif de cette étude était de calculer des indicateurs...
A silver lining for the UK economy? The intergenerational case for supporting longer working lives
Making work better for us all as we age will support more people to work for longer. This increases tax revenues, reduces benefit spending and boosts overall levels of GDP, consumer demand and employment opportunities for all ages. The need to work for longer must be viewed in the context of inequalities within generations. Older workers face higher levels of long-term unemployment, long-term low pay, gender pay differentials and health-related inactivity. Too many people are approaching retirement with inadequate savings in poor health and at risk of missing out on a good later life. Policy solutions...
Mieux vieillir au travail
Qui veut travailler loin ménage son usure Les tendances démographiques actuelles, associées aux politiques visant à l'allongement de la vie professionnelle, participent à l'augmentation de la proportion de salariés « âgés » dans les entreprises en France. Dans ce contexte, permettre à chacun de bien vieillir au travail et de trouver sa place tout au long de son parcours en entreprise est devenu un enjeu de taille. Source: (2018). Travail & Sécurité (791). http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier...
Working for everyone
The Government’s encouragement of extending working lives has been one of the most significant policy developments in recent years. Due to increased longevity and demographic pressures, there has been the recognition that more of the population need to be working until later in their lives to ensure economic sustainability, both for themselves and for government finances. This report presents research from the renEWL research consortium on extending working lives beyond the age of 50, and will provide an evidence base for policy makers. This is vital to ensure that these changes planned by...
Working conditions of workers of different ages
Demographic change is changing the face of working life across the EU. The increased demand on a shrinking pool of workers to provide for the social needs of an ageing population is leading to increases in the employment rate of older workers and a lengthening of working life. Policy reforms have – on the whole – focused on raising the statutory retirement age and providing financial incentives for older workers to remain in work beyond retirement age. However, a range of other factors also influence workers' decision to continue working into old age – including health and...
Job Complexity, Race, and Socioeconomic Status
Examining Health Disparities from an Occupational Perspective Research conducted in the United States on racial/ethnic health disparities and socioeconomic status (SES) has not fully considered occupation. Because racial and ethnic groups are not represented equally in all occupations, differences in job characteristics may help explain racial/ethnic health disparities. Two recent studies by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) explore job complexity as a factor that contributes to racial health disparities. Source: https://blogs.cdc.gov/niosh-science-blog/2017/10/05...
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