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L’utilité de la formation dans la prévention des risques psychosociaux au travail
Cet article se propose d'alimenter la réflexion sur l'intervention dans le champ de la santé au travail. Dans cette recherche, nous nous sommes plus particulièrement centrée sur la capacité d'une action de formation sur la prévention des risques psychosociaux au travail (RPS) à développer des ressources psychosociales nouvelles dans les organisations. Les résultats sont issus de l'analyse de 14 plans d'action et comparent le niveau d'importance des ressources élaborées selon qu'il y ait eu ou...
Une forme de gestion désincarnée de l’activité
L'exemple d'une formation en santé et sécurité du travail destinée aux préposés aux bénéficiaires au Québec Cet article a pour objectif d'illustrer les limites d'un mode de gestion désincarné de l'activité réelle de travail. Nous prenons l'exemple d'un mode de gestion « top-down » d'une formation en santé au travail destinée aux préposés aux bénéficiaires travaillant dans les organisations gériatriques au Québec...
Causal inferences of external–contextual domains on complex construction, safety, health and environment regulation
A robust and pragmatic regulatory framework that is based on a good understanding of the external–context domains of countries is fundamental for Safety, Health and Environment (SHE). However, in many developing and emerging economies the regulatory framework for SHE is complex and the external–context domains are poorly understood and not factored in SHE. Using Nigeria as a case, the study examines the causal inferences of the social, cultural, political, religious and institutional contexts on the complex Construction Safety, Health and Environment (CSHE) regulatory framework using...
Les salariés utilisent-ils les outils de prévention des risques professionnels ?
Près de neuf salariés sur dix reçoivent des informations sur les risques que leur travail fait courir à leur santé ou à leur sécurité, notamment via des formations spécifiques ou lors de visites avec un médecin du travail. Cependant, les femmes en bénéficient moins souvent que les hommes, comme si les risques qui les concernaient étaient moins visibles. Les consignes de sécurité et les équipements de protection individuelle contre le bruit ou les risques chimiques ne sont pas toujours...
Effectiveness of occupational e-mental health interventions
A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Objective: This systematic review and meta-analysis investigated the effectiveness of occupational e-mental health interventions aimed at stress, depression, anxiety, burnout, insomnia, mindfulness, well-being, and alcohol misuse and their potential treatment moderators. Methods: We systematically reviewed randomized control trials published in English using three electronic databases (MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL) and three register trials. A pooled effect size for each mental health area was calculated using random-effects modelling...
Effectiveness of psychological and educational interventions for the prevention of depression in the workplace
A systematic review and meta-analysis Objectives :Psychological and educational interventions for the prevention of depression have a small-to-moderate effect. However, little is known about their effectiveness in the workplace. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of such interventions through a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCT). Methods: We searched PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, CENTRAL, CIS-DOC and Open Grey for RCT. Search was supplemented with manual searches of reference lists of relevant meta-analyses and trials. We included RCT that assessed either...
Safe Employment Integration of Recent Immigrants and Refugees
This study examined the employment preparation and work experiences of recent immigrants and refugees in Ontario, Canada, to determine key resource needs and opportunities related to safe work integration. In-depth interviews were conducted with 22 service providers, program developers, and policy-makers from the immigration and employment fields. Eighteen focus groups were held with 110 recent immigrants and refugees who were looking for work or who had recently found work. An exploratory qualitative approach was used to collect and analyze the data. First jobs were often characterized by precarity...
Le rôle futur des mégadonnées et de l’apprentissage automatique dans l’amélioration de l’efficacité des inspections de santé et de sécurité
Cet article examine la manière dont les inspections du travail pourraient utiliser les mégadonnées afin de déterminer efficacement les cibles des inspections de santé et de sécurité. Il expose la manière dont les autorités déterminent actuellement les objets des inspections et utilisent les nouvelles technologies numériques afin de recenser les entreprises à haut risque. L’article passe en revue des exemples de technologies pertinentes mises en pratique, notamment un outil développé par l’Autorité...
Clinical guideline for the diagnosis and management of work-related mental health conditions in general practice
Work related mental health conditions are the second most common cause of workers’ compensation, however, these conditions are typically challenging to diagnose and treat. In Australia, most injured workers seek care from their general practitioner (GP). The Clinical guideline for the diagnosis and management of work-related mental health conditions (the Guideline) has been developed to assist GPs with the diagnosis and management of work-related mental health conditions. The guideline recommendations were approved by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) in late 2018....
Une démarche paritaire de prévention pour contrer les effets du travail émotionnellement exigeant dans les centres jeunesse
Certains secteurs d'activité sont particulièrement touchés par des problèmes qui affectent la santé et la sécurité des travailleurs. C'est le cas, entre autres, des centres jeunesse où le travail est généralement caractérisé par une demande émotionnelle élevée, attribuable aux contacts fréquents avec des enfants et des familles en crise, et par le manque de ressources nécessaires pour gérer cette demande émotionnelle. On reconnaît d'ailleurs de plus...
A systematic review of the safety climate intervention literature: Past trends and future directions
Safety climate represents the meaningfulness of safety and how safety is valued in an organization. The contributions of safety climate to organizational safety have been well documented. There is a dearth of empirical research, however, on specific safety climate interventions and their effectiveness. The present study aims at examining the trend of safety climate interventions and offering compiled information for designing and implementing evidence-based safety climate interventions. Our literature search yielded 384 titles that were inspected by three examiners. Using a stepwise process that...
Mental health first aid in the workplace: A feasibility study
Increasing people's awareness of mental health, reducing stigma, and promoting and facilitating early help-seeking are recognised as key strategies for a mentally healthy workplace. However, people may delay seeking help because workplace support systems are not available, not accessible, or not known. In this context Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) has emerged as an international programme that seeks to raise awareness of mental ill health and improve attitudes. It also educates people about the ways that they can support those experiencing a mental health crisis, through a range of training...
Third party audits of the psychosocial work environment in occupational health and safety management systems
Occupational health and safety management (OHSM) systems certified according to OHSAS 18,001 are gaining importance. A key element in OHSAS 18,001 is third party audits. Psychosocial risks are only briefly mentioned in the standard, and the question therefore remains whether audits in practice cover these risks to a sufficient extent. The article provides a first answer to this question through a study of the whole value chain from accreditation of certification bureaus to the subsequent audits and workplace reactions. The results indicate that the accreditation body pays limited attention to psychosocial...
Strategies to improve the implementation of workplace-based policies or practices targeting tobacco, alcohol, diet, physical activity and obesity
Implementation strategies are meant to improve the adoption and integration of evidence-based health interventions into routine policies and practices within specific settings. This review examined whether using these strategies improved the implementation of policies and practices in the workplace promoting: •Healthy eating •Physical activity •Weight control •Tobacco cessation •Prevention of risky alcohol consumption The review authors also wanted to know if these strategies changed employees' health behaviours, caused any unintended effects, and were good value for...
Risk Perceptions and Barriers to Protective Behavior Use Among Chemical Tank Cleaners
An Exploratory Study Chemical tank cleaners' occupational diseases and injuries are largely unknown due to a lack of monitoring and limited research. Their potential exposure to highly corrosive chemicals—including sodium hypochlorite, sodium hydroxide, and ferric chloride—suggests that tank cleaners represent an at-risk occupational group. This pilot study explored tank cleaners' risk perceptions and barriers to using personal protective equipment and other protective behaviors in their workplace. Data sources included a survey (n = 29) and interviews (n ...
Chaîne logistique
Si le fonctionnement des chaînes logistiques est pensé avant tout pour faire gagner en efficacité et en productivité, il peut aussi être vecteur de prévention. Encore faut-il que les différents acteurs se coordonnent pour considérer l'ensemble des maillons de leur organisation et ainsi pouvoir mettre en place une stratégie « gagnant-gagnant » en matière de santé et sécurité au travail. Source: (2018). Travail & sécurité . http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier/La%20cha...
Social influence and safe behavior in manufacturing
This research presents a model designed to explore the cognitive and social mechanisms that mediate the relationship between organizational safety climate and safety behaviors. Specifically the presented research demonstrates the usefulness of Sussmann and Vecchio (1982) social influence interpretation of worker motivation to understand safety motivation. Survey data was collected from 428 employees in seven factories within the electronics industry in China. The data were analyzed using structural modelling. The results suggest that factory workers with more knowledge about the products, organization...
Bibliometric analysis of safety culture research
The concept of safety culture is characterised by complexity. On the one hand, the concept is challenging content-wise, and on the other hand, is it a multi-dimensional and cross-disciplinary research domain. In this paper, bibliometric analysis has been applied to the field of safety culture to identify fundamental influences and to obtain a structured overview of the characteristics and the developments in this research domain. In total, 1789 publications published between 1900 and 2015 related to safety culture were identified in Web of Science. The 1789 publications cover 4591 authors, 775...
Systematic literature review on the effects of occupational safety and health (OSH) interventions at the workplace
Objectives: The aim of this review was to assess the evidence that occupational safety and health (OSH) legislative and regulatory policy could improve the working environment in terms of reduced levels of industrial injuries and fatalities, musculoskeletal disorders, worker complaints, sick leave and adverse occupational exposures. Methods: A systematic literature review covering the years 1966?2017 (February) was undertaken to capture both published and gray literature studies of OSH work environment interventions with quantitative measures of intervention effects. Studies that met specified...
Understanding Small Enterprises: Proceedings from the 2017 Conference
Focus on Safety and Health in Small Businesses Given the disproportionate burden of occupational injuries, illnesses, and fatalities experienced by small businesses in the United States and worldwide, small business occupational safety and health (OSH) is of increasing concern to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Although researchers in public health have addressed multiple OSH issues, the very large group of academics and researchers specializing in the area of OSH has not been very active in the area of small business OSH. The USE 2017 conference brought together...
Développement de la santé au travail: complémentarité de l’analyse de l’activité et des représentations du risque
Retours sur un dispositif de conception participative de l'organisation du travail en présence de risque biologique en milieu hospitalier Cet article illustre la diversité des potentialités de la psychologie du travail et de l'ergonomie, en se basant sur une recherche-action conduite en milieu hospitalier, mobilisant une complémentarité de pratiques. Dans un contexte de conception organisationnelle de situations de travail présentant un risque biologique, l'étude vise à concilier les enjeux de prévention des risques professionnels...
What could make a difference to the mental health of UK doctors?
A review of the research evidence Doctors are at considerable risk of work-related stress, burnout and mental health problems such as depression and anxiety. The risk is greater than that of the general working population and is increasing over time in line with the growing demands and complexity of the job, a faster pace of work and diminishing resources. The risk of suicide, especially among general practitioners, psychiatrists and trainees, and among women, is high compared to the general population. General practitioners are more vulnerable to burnout (particularly emotional exhaustion), work...
Présentation et modalités pratiques de mise en oeuvre d'un modèle dédié à la prévention des violences au travail
Sont présentés et discutés les usages possibles d'un modèle qualitatif d'intervention sur des situations de violences en milieu professionnel. Dans le prolongement d'un travail antérieur de conception du modèle théorique, l'intérêt de disposer d'une représentation causale des divers motifs de formation des violences, ceci en complément des approches quantitatives à finalité diagnostique pour agir en prévention, est argumenté. Un exemple documente l'utilisation du modèle...
Burnout in the workplace: A review of data and policy responses in the EU
This report looks at the extent of burnout experienced by workers in the EU, based on national research. As a starting point, the report sets out to consider whether burnout is viewed as a medical or occupational disease. It then examines the work determinants associated with burnout and looks at the effects of burnout, including psychosocial and physical work factors, work intensity and work organisation. It also reviews national strategies and policies regarding this issue, the involvement of the social partners in the current debate, as well as preventive actions currently in place. Source:...
Guide de bonnes pratiques pour favoriser l’embauche, le maintien et le retour en emploi des travailleurs expérimentés
Ce guide propose des mesures et de bonnes pratiques pour favoriser l'embauche, le maintien et le retour en emploi des travailleurs expérimentés. Il s'adresse aux organisations qui désirent encourager ces travailleurs à poursuivre leur carrière et favoriser l'embauche et le retour en emploi des travailleurs expérimentés après une absence. Il vise à les appuyer dans la mise en place de milieux de travail accueillants et répondant à la réalité de ces travailleurs. Le guide propose aussi des mesures...
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