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Safe Employment Integration of Recent Immigrants and Refugees
This study examined the employment preparation and work experiences of recent immigrants and refugees in Ontario, Canada, to determine key resource needs and opportunities related to safe work integration. In-depth interviews were conducted with 22 service providers, program developers, and policy-makers from the immigration and employment fields. Eighteen focus groups were held with 110 recent immigrants and refugees who were looking for work or who had recently found work. An exploratory qualitative approach was used to collect and analyze the data. First jobs were often characterized by precarity...
Strategies to improve the implementation of workplace-based policies or practices targeting tobacco, alcohol, diet, physical activity and obesity
Implementation strategies are meant to improve the adoption and integration of evidence-based health interventions into routine policies and practices within specific settings. This review examined whether using these strategies improved the implementation of policies and practices in the workplace promoting: •Healthy eating •Physical activity •Weight control •Tobacco cessation •Prevention of risky alcohol consumption The review authors also wanted to know if these strategies changed employees' health behaviours, caused any unintended effects, and were good value for...
Risk Perceptions and Barriers to Protective Behavior Use Among Chemical Tank Cleaners
An Exploratory Study Chemical tank cleaners' occupational diseases and injuries are largely unknown due to a lack of monitoring and limited research. Their potential exposure to highly corrosive chemicals—including sodium hypochlorite, sodium hydroxide, and ferric chloride—suggests that tank cleaners represent an at-risk occupational group. This pilot study explored tank cleaners' risk perceptions and barriers to using personal protective equipment and other protective behaviors in their workplace. Data sources included a survey (n = 29) and interviews (n ...
Social influence and safe behavior in manufacturing
This research presents a model designed to explore the cognitive and social mechanisms that mediate the relationship between organizational safety climate and safety behaviors. Specifically the presented research demonstrates the usefulness of Sussmann and Vecchio (1982) social influence interpretation of worker motivation to understand safety motivation. Survey data was collected from 428 employees in seven factories within the electronics industry in China. The data were analyzed using structural modelling. The results suggest that factory workers with more knowledge about the products, organization...
Guide de bonnes pratiques pour favoriser l’embauche, le maintien et le retour en emploi des travailleurs expérimentés
Ce guide propose des mesures et de bonnes pratiques pour favoriser l'embauche, le maintien et le retour en emploi des travailleurs expérimentés. Il s'adresse aux organisations qui désirent encourager ces travailleurs à poursuivre leur carrière et favoriser l'embauche et le retour en emploi des travailleurs expérimentés après une absence. Il vise à les appuyer dans la mise en place de milieux de travail accueillants et répondant à la réalité de ces travailleurs. Le guide propose aussi des mesures...
Guide de bonnes pratiques pour favoriser l'embauche, le maintien et le retour en emploi des travailleurs expérimentés
L'embauche, le maintien et le retour en emploi des travailleurs expérimentés sont une partie de la solution à la rareté attendue de la main-d'œuvre, d'autant plus que ces travailleurs montrent déjà une tendance à être de plus en plus actifs sur le marché du travail. En effet, l'un des faits marquants qui se dégagent des tendance du marché du travail depuis un certain nombre d'années est la hausse continue de la participation des travailleurs expérimentés. Après la vague...
Differences in safety training among smaller and larger construction firms with non-native workers
Evidence of overlapping vulnerabilities Collaborative efforts between the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and the American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE) led to a report focusing on overlapping occupational vulnerabilities, specifically small construction businesses employing young, non-native workers. Following the report, an online survey was conducted by ASSE with construction business representatives focusing on training experiences of non-native workers. Results were grouped by business size (50 or fewer employees or more than 50 employees). Smaller businesses...
Les conduites addictives
Responsable ou victime, l'entreprise a un rôle à jouer Cause majeure de mortalité précoce en France, la consommation de substances psychoactives constitue une question de santé publique prééminente. Invariablement, il s'agit d'un sujet qui se retrouve dans le monde du travail et il est encore trop souvent traité en entreprise de façon individuelle, sous le prisme médical ou de la sanction disciplinaire. Quel est le rôle de l'entreprise dans la prévention de ces consommations addictives à risque...
Accidentologie des jeunes travailleurs
Recevoir un enseignement en santé et sécurité au travail réduit le risque d’accidents du travail chez les moins de 25 ans Le département Epidémiologie en Entreprise de l’INRS a réalisé une étude épidémiologique sur les accidents du travail. Cette étude visait à évaluer l’efficacité de l’enseignement en santé et sécurité au travail reçu par de jeunes élèves ou apprentis issus de l’enseignement professionnel. Au terme de cette...
Do resources buffer the prospective association of psychosocial work stress with depression?
Longitudinal evidence from ageing workers Objectives: There is now convincing evidence that psychosocial work stressors are linked to depression. Few studies, however, have tested if individual resources can buffer the longitudinal effects of psychosocial work stressors on depressive symptoms. This study investigates how two types of resources (internal and external resources) affect the association between psychosocial work stressors and depressive symptoms. Methods: Data were obtained from the US Health and Retirement Study, with baseline information on psychosocial work stressors [job strain...
Workplace interventions to improve work ability
A systematic review and meta-analysis of their effectiveness Objective: Extended working lives due to an ageing population will necessitate the maintenance of work ability across the life course. This systematic review aimed to analyze whether workplace interventions positively impact work ability. Methods: We searched Medline, PsycINFO, CINAHL and Embase databases using relevant terms. Work-based interventions were those focused on individuals, the workplace, or multilevel (combination). Work ability – measured using the work ability index (WAI) or the single-item work ability score (WAS...
Conférence sur la contribution des travailleurs à des lieux de travail plus sûrs
En partenariat avec diverses sociétés d'ergonomie, l'ETUI a organisé les 26 et 27 juin 2017 à Bruxelles une conférence sur la manière dont les travailleurs contribuent à l'amélioration des conditions de travail. Intitulée « Travailleurs et créativité : comment améliorer les conditions de travail par des méthodes participatives », la conférence a réuni des ergonomes, des experts en sécurité et santé au travail, des travailleurs et des représentants...
Évaluation des risques liés à la SST - Les critères de conception d’un outil pour les superviseurs de stage du « Parcours de formation axée sur l’emploi »
L'étude vise à : 1. connaître les conditions de supervision et plus généralement l'activité de travail des enseignants lorsqu'ils rendent visite à leurs élèves dans les entreprises; 2. déterminer les besoins spécifiques des enseignants-superviseurs de stage pour agir en prévention, en détaillant leur perception de la SST dans les milieux de stage, leur connaissance des risques et des facteurs de risque, ce qu'ils font pour identifier ces risques en entreprise et les actions de prévention...
Prévention et performance d’entreprise
Panorama des approches et des points de vue sur la prévention et la performance d'entreprise La question de la contribution de la prévention à la performance des entreprises prend une place importante dans le débat public. Les discours qui en font l'objet reposent sur des démonstrations et des argumentaires très divers qui peuvent parfois prêter à confusion. Il s'agit dans ce document de proposer un panorama des approches et des points de vue pour en éclaircir la portée. Ce panorama se base sur des références...
The relationship between occupational health and safety vulnerability and workplace injury
This study employs a recently developed conceptual framework and measurement tool that moves beyond defining occupational health and safety (OH&S) vulnerability using population or occupational characteristics, and instead examines how work and workplace characteristics shape an individual worker's risk of injury (Smith et al., 2015). The measurement tool captures information on four dimensions of OH&S vulnerability: (1) exposure to workplace hazards; (2) workplace safety policies and procedures; (3) worker awareness of health and safety-related rights and responsibilities; and (4)...
Worker participation in the management of occupational safety and health
Qualitative evidence from the second European survey of enterprises on new and emerging risks (ESENER-2) The study focuses on the representation of workers' interests in health and safety as experienced by representatives themselves, by their fellow workers and by their employers and managers. It is based on in-depth interviews with these participants in 143 different establishments in seven EU member states: Belgium, Estonia, Greece, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Source: https://osha.europa.eu/fr/tools-and-publications/publications/worker-participation-management-occupational...
Do psychosocial job resources buffer the relation between physical work demands and coronary heart disease
A prospective study among men PURPOSE: Increasing evidence shows the detrimental impact of high physical work demands for cardiovascular health and mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the buffering effects of social support at work and job control in the relation between physical work demands and incidence of coronary events. METHODS: The study included 14,337 middle-aged men free from coronary heart disease (CHD) at baseline. The sample consisted of a mixed occupational group recruited within 18 organizations from the manufacturing, service, and public sector. Data were collected...
Protecting Young Workers in Retail Jobs
June, which is National Safety Month, is an appropriate time to focus on young workers, as they head out of school and into the workforce. Many of them will find jobs in the retail industry, a leading employer of young workers in the United States. In 2014, there were approximately 18.1 million workers younger than age 24 in the U.S. These workers represented 13% of the U.S. workforce. Young workers have high workplace injury rates, explained in part by the high frequency of hazards in their typical workplaces. In retail work settings, for instance, slippery floors and use of knives and energized...
Être bien sur les lieux de travail quel que soit l’âge
Guide électronique Le guide électronique «Être bien sur les lieux de travail quel que soit l'âge» fournit aux organisateurs des lieux de travail des informations et un soutien pour la gestion de la sécurité et de la santé au travail (SST) dans le contexte du vieillissement de la main-d'œuvre. Il vise à renforcer la prise de conscience et les connaissances concernant le vieillissement de la main d'oeuvre, le processus de vieillissement proprement dit et ses conséquences sur le lieu de travail, et à...
How Employers Can Keep Older Drivers Safe at Work
Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of work-related deaths in the United States. Millions of workers, such as long-haul truck drivers, sales representatives, and home health care staff, drive or ride in a motor vehicle as part of their jobs. As our workforce ages, we need to pay special attention to the needs of older drivers in the workplace. The NIOSH Center for Motor Vehicle Safety recently released a new fact sheet that provides employers and workers information on age-related physical and mental changes that may affect older workers' driving, as well as resources and checklists...
Ergonomie et psychodynamique du travail
Si elle partage avec l'ergonomie une préoccupation pour la question de l'action, la psychodynamique du travail porte l'investigation sur l'élucidation du rapport subjectif au travail et du chaînon capital des défenses. Cela la conduit à mettre l'accent sur les obstacles qui viennent entraver la démarche de transformation en les situant non pas seulement du côté des contraintes externes de l'organisation du travail, mais aussi comme le résultat de contraintes internes aux sujets. De la prise en compte de la vulnérabilité...
Involving young workers in occupational safety and health
Involving young workers in occupational safety and health (OSH) is a powerful tool to help strengthen workplace safety culture and performance. Getting young people to buy in to the safety culture of a workplace involves engaging them in OSH; empowering them; and giving them a voice that is heard. This E-fact advises how. Source: https://osha.europa.eu/fr/oshnews/e-fact-78-involving-young-workers-occupational-safety-and-health
Social identity in the construction industry
Implications for safety perception and behaviour The construction industry has one of the highest frequency levels and rates of work-related injuries, yet the evidence for successful attempts to reduce injuries is generally lacking. The motivational and (safety) behavioural implications of social identification and social categorization among construction labourer work crews were investigated to ascertain how their interactions are affected by the social structure and organization of work. Semi-structured group interviews and mini interviews during work were carried out with 13 concrete work crews...
Research to explore the effect of traditional farming Safety and Health Awareness Days (SHADs) on farmer behaviour
The research explored farmers' perceptions of the extent to which attendance at a Farming Safety and Health Awareness Day (SHAD), established by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE), had changed their awareness, attitudes and behaviour in relation to health and safety. Using a mixture of quantitative (questionnaire) and qualitative (interview) approaches provided an opportunity to explore not only how farmers' knowledge, attitudes and behaviour had changed immediately after the SHAD, but also whether any observed changes were sustained three months after attending a SHAD. Source: http...
The dynamics of union responses to migrant workers in Canada
This study examines how five unions in the Canadian province of Alberta responded to a sudden influx of temporary foreign workers (TFWs), as part of Canadian employers' increased use of migrant workers in the mid-2000s. The authors find three types of response to the new TFW members: resistive, facilitative and active. Furthermore, these responses were dynamic and changing over time. The different responses are best explained not by the unions' institutional context, but by internal factors shaping each union's response. Drawing upon the concept of referential unionisms, the study explores...
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