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Le rôle futur des mégadonnées et de l’apprentissage automatique dans l’amélioration de l’efficacité des inspections de santé et de sécurité
Cet article examine la manière dont les inspections du travail pourraient utiliser les mégadonnées afin de déterminer efficacement les cibles des inspections de santé et de sécurité. Il expose la manière dont les autorités déterminent actuellement les objets des inspections et utilisent les nouvelles technologies numériques afin de recenser les entreprises à haut risque. L’article passe en revue des exemples de technologies pertinentes mises en pratique, notamment un outil développé par l’Autorité...
Clinical guideline for the diagnosis and management of work-related mental health conditions in general practice
Work related mental health conditions are the second most common cause of workers’ compensation, however, these conditions are typically challenging to diagnose and treat. In Australia, most injured workers seek care from their general practitioner (GP). The Clinical guideline for the diagnosis and management of work-related mental health conditions (the Guideline) has been developed to assist GPs with the diagnosis and management of work-related mental health conditions. The guideline recommendations were approved by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) in late 2018....
Out of sight, out of mind?
Research into the Occupational Safety and Health of Distributed Workers Less well-defined workforce and recent changes to more flexible working patterns are introducing challenges to today's workplaces. One of these transformations is exemplified by the way many workers spend at least some of their work time working away from a main office or location. Leading the occupational safety and health of these distributed workers is challenging, due to less opportunities for face-to-face contact and potential issues of access to safety, health and wellbeing resources. The goal of this research is...
Zero Accident Vision based strategies in organisations: Innovative perspectives
The Zero Accident Vision (ZAV) is a promising approach developed in industry, but not so much addressed by the safety science research community. In a discussion paper in Safety Science (2013) a call was made for more research in this area. Three years later is a good time to take status of developments in this field. A first set of empirical studies has been published, several authors see new perspectives with the vision, while misunderstandings still flourish with a focus on ‘zero incidents' as a ‘goal', rather than the ‘vision' that all occupational incidents are...
L’intervention psychosociale auprès des agriculteurs
Promouvoir l'accès et l'acceptabilité des services Pas d'agriculture sans agriculteurs, le message est fort, évocateur et diffusé ici, en Australie et ailleurs dans le monde. Il traduit une préoccupation quant aux conditions de vie des agriculteurs et interpelle les réponses sociales qui peuvent soutenir leur santé et leur bien-être. C'est précisément cet aspect qui est au coeur du présent article. Source: http://www.qualaxia.org/fdownload.php?fn=Quintessence-V07N01-fr.pdf&ct=dqt&tp=pdf
Caring for Yourself While Caring for Others
Caring for Yourself While Caring for Others is a free and active curriculum to assist trainers in meeting the health and safety training needs for homecare workers and to enhance communication between homecare workers and their clients. The activities in this curriculum are designed to encourage participants in promoting safe and healthy work environments–for their clients and for themselves. Source: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2015-102/default.html
Workplace Stress in the United States
Issues and Policies Despite relative affluence, workplace stress is a prominent feature of the US labour market. To the extent that job stress causes poor health outcomes – either directly through increased blood pressure, fatigue, muscle pain, etc. or indirectly through increased rates of cigarette smoking – policy to lessen job stress may be appropriate. Focusing predominantly on the United States, this report reviews the literature on a variety of economic concerns related to job stress and health. Areas in which economists may provide valuable insights regarding job stress include...
Improving Employee Productivity Through Improved Health
Objective : The objective of this study was to estimate productivity-related savings associated with employee participation in health promotion programs. Methods : Propensity score weighting and multiple regression techniques were used to estimate savings. These techniques were adjusted for demographic and health status differences between participants who engaged in one or more telephonic health management programs and nonparticipants who were eligible for but did not engage in these programs. Results : Employees who participated in a program and successfully improved their health care or lifestyle...
Un guide RPS à l’usage des CHSCT
Réalisé à l’initiative d’un groupe de travail pluridisciplinaire, ce guide sur la prévention des risques psychosociaux est spécifiquement destiné aux membres des CHSCT (Comités d'Hygiène de Sécurité et des Conditions de Travail). Avec l’émergence accrue des risques psychosociaux ces dernières années, les CHSCT sont de façon croissante amenés à intervenir dans ce champ d’action. Le guide RPS à l’usage des CHSCT a pour objectif de donner des éléments...
La formation professionnelle à la santé et à la sécurité au travail : données sur 4 pays européens: Allemagne, Danemark, Italie, Royaume-Uni
La formation à la santé et à la sécurité au travail (SST) fait partie des obligations générales des employeurs énoncées dans la directive-cadre 89/391/CEE. Par ailleurs, dans sa communication sur la Stratégie communautaire 2007-2012 pour la santé et la sécurité au travail, la Commission souligne l'importance de l'intégration de la santé et de la sécurité dans les programmes d'éducation et de formation. La formation initiale s'adresse aux étudiants...
Economic evaluation of a participatory ergonomics intervention in a textile plant
In this study we report on the economic evaluation of a participatory ergonomics process undertaken at a clothing manufacturer in Southwestern Ontario, Canada that employs approximately 300 workers. We undertake a cost-benefit analysis from the company perspective. Intervention costs amounted to $65,787 and intervention benefits $360,614 (2011 Canadian dollars). The net present value was $294,827, suggesting that the intervention was worth undertaking based on the costs and consequences over the measurement period spanning more than four years. Based on these costs and benefits, the benefit-to...
Worker participation practices: a review of EU-OSHA case studies : literature review
U-OSHA publishes case studies of good practices to prevent workplace risks. The cases are analysed and effective worker participation consistently appears as a basic requirement for the successful identification of problems and implementation of practical solutions, regardless of the size or type of workplace or type of problem. Many of the cases describe how worker participation took place in practice and its role in introducing successful prevention measures. This report compiles these worker participation components to provide an overview of how worker participation featured in the various cases...
Review of workplace innovation and its relation with occupational safety and health
This report provides evidence that high levels of occupational safety and health (OSH) performance (low accident rates and absenteeism, OSH culture) correlate with workplace innovation and human performance. Workplace innovations are strategy induced and participatory adopted changes in an organisation’s practice of managing, organising and deploying human and non-human resources that lead to simultaneously improved organisational performance and improved quality of working life. Source : https://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/literature_reviews/workplace-innovation-review?sourceid=rss&utm_source...
Determining safety inspection thresholds for employee incentives programs on construction sites
The goal of this project was to evaluate approaches of determining the numerical value of a safety inspection score that would activate a reward in an employee safety incentive program. Safety inspections are a reflection of the physical working conditions at a construction site and provide a safety score that can be used in incentive programs to reward workers. Yet it is unclear what level of safety should be used when implementing this kind of program. This study explored five ways of grouping safety inspection data collected during 19 months at Harvard University-owned construction projects...
Pre-conditioning for success: Characteristics and factors ensuring a safe build for the Olympic Park
This research has looked to identify factors which have contributed to the London 2012 Olympic Park being delivered on time, on budget and with an exemplary health and safety record. Where other research has captured 'how' things were done, this research has explored 'why' and focused on the underpinning human and organisational interactions. The research has tapped in to the close-out and lessons learnt activities for six of the venue and infrastructure projects. In addition interviews were conducted with executives from the Olympic Delivery Authority as client, their Delivery...
STRESSLESS – Improving Educators’ Resilience to Stress
A European initiative “STRESSLESS – Improving Educators’ Resilience to Stress” recently published its main results, including a guidebook that aims at providing educators and educational/training institutions with a useful, practical and validated tool to manage properly psychosocial risks in the educational sector and to improve educators’ resilience towards stress. Source : http://web.spi.pt/stressless/ . Certaines publications sont disponibles en français : http://web.spi.pt/stressless/index_FR.html Rapport sur la situation du tress : analyse des besoins...
Employer Perceptions of Stress and Resilience Intervention
Objective : To understand employers' perceived organizational strengths in addressing stress and resilience-building to help expand theoretical knowledge and guide interventions. Methods : Interviews and discussion groups with 46 employer representatives using grounded theory methodology for sampling and analysis of narrative data. Results : Participants detailed three levels of approaches: (1) preventing stress/building resilience; (2) providing information, resources, and benefits to employees; and (3) intervening actively with troubled employees. Preventing stress through trusting work relationships...
Pour un meilleur usage de la messagerie électronique dans les entreprises
Si les outils de communication électronique offrent de nombreuses potentialités techniques et organisationnelles, ils conduisent aussi à une profonde mutation des systèmes d'organisation des entreprises. Prenant appui sur des travaux menés par des chercheurs et les retours d'expérience des entreprises et des syndicats, l'ORSE (Observatoire sur la Responsabilité Sociétale des Entreprises) a fait un constat d'une montée des risques psychosociaux liés à de mauvais usages des courriels : sentiment d'urgence...
Danone signe un accord mondial sur les conditions de travail et le stress
Le 29 septembre, Danone et l'Union internationale des travailleurs de l'alimentation, de l'agriculture, de l'hôtellerie-restauration, du tabac et des branches connexes (UITA) ont signé un accord sur la santé, la sécurité, les conditions de travail et le stress. Le texte concerne les 101.000 salariés de Danone dans 90 pays. L'accord repose sur plusieurs principes comme la prise en compte des conséquences des changements d'organisation sur ses collaborateurs, la préservation de l'équilibre entre vie professionnelle...
Well-being at work: innovation and good practice
The EU Well-being at Work project in 2008 sought to encourage comprehensive action promoting the better health, safety and well-being of the workforce simultaneously with the organisation’s productivity and success. A report published by the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health describes the management changes needed to achieve well-being at work and presents a self-evaluation matrix that organisations can use to determine the standard of their performance Source : http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/ewco/2011/06/FI1106011I.htm http://osha.europa.eu/fop/finland/fi/good_practice/progress/tyohyvinvointi...
Workplace mental injury creating 'perfect legal storm', report says
Financial rewards for damages caused by mental injury at work have increased over the past five years by as much as 700 per cent, according to a report released today by the Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC). The report warns that a “perfect legal storm” is brewing in the area of mental health protection at work, and points to emerging responsibilities for employers to provide a psychologically safe workplace. October is Canada's Healthy Workplace Month and next week is Mental Illness Awareness Week. The report entitled, Tracking the Perfect Legal Storm (2010), concludes...
La fatigue des infirmières et la sécurité des patients
L'AIIC et l'AIIAO ont effectué une analyse contextuelle générale – comportant des entrevues menées auprès de personnes-ressource clés, des groupes de discussion, un sondage national et une recherche documentaire détaillée – pour déterminer les normes actuelles qui ont trait à la fatigue des infirmières et à la sécurité des patients partout au Canada. Les chercheurs ont en outre défini des solutions recommandées à ce problème critique en soins de santé...
Le transfert intergénérationnel des connaissances
Dossier thématique de la revue d'analyse comparée en administration publique Télescope (Vol. 16, no 1, hiver 2010) Source : http://www.enap.uquebec.ca/OBSERVATOIRE/docs/Telescope/Volumes16/Telv16n1_intergenerationnel.pdf
Travail dans l'intérim
Brochure "Accueil et santé au travail dans l'intérim" Les partenaires sociaux reconnaissent la spécificité de la relation de travail et des conditions de travail du salarié intérimaire et réaffirment la nécessité d'appliquer au salarié intérimaire les mêmes règles de santé et de sécurité au travail qu'au salarié sous contrat de travail à durée indéterminée. http://www.risquesprofessionnels.ameli.fr/atmp_media/BROCHURE%20INTERIM%20A5...
Anticiper les évolutions du travail et des compétences
À l’heure où le travail change rapidement, les entreprises doivent tenter de prévoir aujourd’hui ce qu’elles seront demain. Quelles que soient les modalités qu’elles choisiront, trois types d’action peuvent les y aider : anticiper les besoins, prévoir les situations de travail et prévenir des risques de déqualification et d’usure professionnelle. Revue Travail et changement - Numéro novembre/décembre 2008
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