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Une forme de gestion désincarnée de l’activité
L'exemple d'une formation en santé et sécurité du travail destinée aux préposés aux bénéficiaires au Québec Cet article a pour objectif d'illustrer les limites d'un mode de gestion désincarné de l'activité réelle de travail. Nous prenons l'exemple d'un mode de gestion « top-down » d'une formation en santé au travail destinée aux préposés aux bénéficiaires travaillant dans les organisations gériatriques au Québec...
Social influence and safe behavior in manufacturing
This research presents a model designed to explore the cognitive and social mechanisms that mediate the relationship between organizational safety climate and safety behaviors. Specifically the presented research demonstrates the usefulness of Sussmann and Vecchio (1982) social influence interpretation of worker motivation to understand safety motivation. Survey data was collected from 428 employees in seven factories within the electronics industry in China. The data were analyzed using structural modelling. The results suggest that factory workers with more knowledge about the products, organization...
Développement de la santé au travail: complémentarité de l’analyse de l’activité et des représentations du risque
Retours sur un dispositif de conception participative de l'organisation du travail en présence de risque biologique en milieu hospitalier Cet article illustre la diversité des potentialités de la psychologie du travail et de l'ergonomie, en se basant sur une recherche-action conduite en milieu hospitalier, mobilisant une complémentarité de pratiques. Dans un contexte de conception organisationnelle de situations de travail présentant un risque biologique, l'étude vise à concilier les enjeux de prévention des risques professionnels...
What could make a difference to the mental health of UK doctors?
A review of the research evidence Doctors are at considerable risk of work-related stress, burnout and mental health problems such as depression and anxiety. The risk is greater than that of the general working population and is increasing over time in line with the growing demands and complexity of the job, a faster pace of work and diminishing resources. The risk of suicide, especially among general practitioners, psychiatrists and trainees, and among women, is high compared to the general population. General practitioners are more vulnerable to burnout (particularly emotional exhaustion), work...
De-escalation techniques for managing non-psychosis induced aggression in adults
Background: Aggression occurs frequently within health and social care settings. It can result in injury to patients and staff and can adversely affect staff performance and well-being. De-escalation is a widely used and recommended intervention for managing aggression, but the efficacy of the intervention as a whole and the specific techniques that comprise it are unclear. Objectives: To assess the effects of de-escalation techniques for managing non-psychosis-induced aggression in adults in care settings, in both staff and service users. Source: Spencer, S., Johnson, P. et Smith, I. C. (2018...
Effectiveness of a digital platform-based implementation strategy to prevent work stress in a healthcare organization
A 12-month follow-up controlled trial A digital platform-based implementation strategy showed potential for preventing stress among healthcare workers. The experimental group showed a slight decline in stress, and the control group showed an increase in stress during follow-up. No differences were found for determinants of work stress and level of implementation. Source: Havermans, B. M., Boot, C. R., Brouwers, E. P., Houtman, I. L., Heerkens, Y. F., Zijlstra-Vlasveld, M. C., ... et van der Beek, A. J. (2018). Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health . http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5271/sjweh...
Knowledge and practice of waste management among hospital cleaners
Background: Poor knowledge and practice of waste management among hospital cleaners is a significant occupational and public health risk which could be improved by better training. Aims: To assess private hospital cleaners' knowledge and practice of hospital waste management and the association with training. Methods: A cross-sectional study using an interviewer-administered structured questionnaire was undertaken. The questionnaire was designed to record demographics, assess knowledge and assess self-reported practice and training by private hospital cleaners in Etiosa in Nigeria. Results...
Alcohol and Drug Guidelines and Work Rule : Canadian Model for Providing a Safe Workplace
The Canadian Model for Providing a Safe Workplace (the Canadian Model) is a Best Practice Alcohol and Drug Policy that stakeholders in the Canadian construction, maintenance and oil and gas industries can adopt and follow. The purpose of the Canadian Model is to ensure a safe workplace for all workers by reducing the risks associated with the inappropriate use of alcohol and drugs. This sixth version, issued on July 1, 2018, is issued jointly by COAA and Energy Safety Canada. Source: https://www.coaa.ab.ca/library/canadian-model-version-6/
Differences in safety training among smaller and larger construction firms with non-native workers
Evidence of overlapping vulnerabilities Collaborative efforts between the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and the American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE) led to a report focusing on overlapping occupational vulnerabilities, specifically small construction businesses employing young, non-native workers. Following the report, an online survey was conducted by ASSE with construction business representatives focusing on training experiences of non-native workers. Results were grouped by business size (50 or fewer employees or more than 50 employees). Smaller businesses...
Enhancing the detection of injuries and near-misses among patient care staff in a large pediatric hospital
Objective: Compared to other industries, healthcare has one of the highest rates of non-fatal occupational injury/illness. Evidence indicates these rates are underestimated, highlighting the need for improved injury surveillance. This study aims to demonstrate the feasibility of integrating active data collection in a passive injury surveillance system to improve detection of injuries in a healthcare establishment. Methods: Using digital voice recorders (DVR), pediatric healthcare providers prospectively recorded events throughout their shift for two weeks. This sample-based active injury surveillance...
Prise en charge de la SST dans les mines souterraines : témoignages de cadres et de représentants des travailleurs
Cette étude exploratoire vise à mieux connaître les rôles des cadres et représentants des travailleurs de mines souterraines québécoises, les éléments du contexte qui peuvent agir comme leviers ou obstacles à leurs actions en SST et à amorcer des réflexions sur ce qui peut les soutenir dans leurs rôles. Cette étude s'appuie sur une exploration de la littérature et sur une analyse secondaire des données recueillies lors d'un projet de recherche portant sur les conditions d'intégration...
Prévention des risques professionnels dans le commerce de détail non alimentaire
En partenariat avec un service de santé au travail, la branche professionnelle du commerce de détail non alimentaire a engagé une démarche de prévention des risques professionnels en valorisant l'engagement des différents préventeurs et plus particulièrement celui du médecin du travail. À partir d'une étude des risques professionnels propres à ce secteur et d'une synthèse de leur tendance évolutive, il a été possible d'élaborer et de mettre en place des actions...
Critères d’aménagement sécuritaire et ergonomique des postes de haleur et de support à casiers des homardiers du Québec
La pratique de la pêche commerciale est reconnue comme l'un des métiers les plus dangereux à l'échelle mondiale. Entre 2012 et 2014, elle a fait l'objet de deux projets de recherche qui ont été réalisés en Gaspésie et aux Îles-de-la-Madeleine. Le premier visait à analyser les activités de travail et les risques de chute par-dessus bord des homardiers ainsi que leurs déterminants, tandis que le deuxième consistait en l'étude des aménagements aux postes de travail «...
Job burnout in mental health providers
A meta-analysis of 35 years of intervention research Burnout is prevalent among mental health providers and is associated with significant employee, consumer, and organizational costs. Over the past 35 years, numerous intervention studies have been conducted but have yet to be reviewed and synthesized using a quantitative approach. To fill this gap, we performed a meta-analysis on the effectiveness of burnout interventions for mental health workers. We completed a systematic literature search of burnout intervention studies that spanned more than 3 decades (1980 to 2015). Each eligible study was...
A novel tool for evaluating occupational health and safety performance in small and medium-sized enterprises
The case of the Quebec forestry/pulp and paper industry Efforts to prevent work-related injuries have met with tangible success in industrialized countries. In Quebec, workplace accidents and occupational illness have declined sharply since the end of the 1990s. However, there is still considerable room for improvement in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Expert specialists in accident prevention in SMEs are overloaded. Their interventions are repetitive and not personalised. Few tools are available for accelerating the process of evaluating occupational health and safety (OHS) performance...
Structural equation model of integrated safety intervention practices affecting the safety behaviour of workers in the construction industry
Fatality rates at workplaces in the construction industry are high compared to other industries. Tremendous effort is required to strive towards zero accidents. Managing foreign workers with different cultural backgrounds at the workplace requires appropriate safety intervention practices to improve workers' safety behaviour. Based on the literature, the importance of safety intervention for changing unsafe to safe worker behaviour is known. For this reason, an integrated safety intervention model affecting workers' safety behaviour was developed and tested. This study was conducted by...
Effect of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Training on Health Care Worker Safety
A Randomized Waitlist Controlled Trial Objective: The study assessed the impact of mindfulness training on occupational safety of hospital health care workers. Methods: The study used a randomized waitlist-controlled trial design to test the effect of an 8-week mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) course on self-reported health care worker safety outcomes, measured at baseline, postintervention, and 6 months later. Conclusions: Mindfulness training may potentially decrease occupational injuries of health care workers. Source: Valley, M. A., & Stallones, L. (2017). Journal of Occupational...
Comprendre les ressorts des pratiques organisationnelles en matière de prévention des risques psychosociaux par les acteurs de l’entreprise
Une recherche dans l'industrie de la chimie La littérature scientifique fait part d'une individualisation des problèmes de santé psychologique au travail faisant obstacle à l'efficacité de la prévention. À partir d'une méthode mixte, nous cherchons à savoir si cette tendance à l'individualisation se retrouve dans la perception des acteurs de la santé au travail dans l'organisation et la manière dont celle-ci impacte les modes d'intervention. Un questionnaire a été proposé...
A cross-sectional study of factors influencing occupational health and safety management practices in companies
Companies need to ensure a functioning occupational health and safety management (OHSM) system to protect human health and safety during work, but generally there are differences in how successful they are in this endeavor. Earlier research has indicated that factors like company size, safety culture, and different measures of financial performance may be related to the quality of OHSM practices in companies. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate whether these factors are associated with OHSM practices in companies. A postal questionnaire was used to collect data from a sample of...
Developing an inter-organizational safety climate instrument for the construction industry
In the construction industry, recent literature has promoted a design for safety approach that discusses the benefits of considering safety from the very start of the project lifecycle. With this approach, non-construction personnel, such as owners and designers, need to work alongside constructors and subcontractors to consider safety during design and procurement stages of a project. This is a difficult process, particularly with the degree of fragmentation in the industry. Safety climate survey instruments have been developed to identify these sources of fragmentation among stakeholder groups...
Leadership and worker engagement in the ports industry
HSE’s 2014 Approved Code of Practice (ACOP) on Safety in Docks (L148) was developed through close consultation with employer and employee representatives. It is designed to address both the larger end of the industry and those working in small harbours and highlights the importance of leadership and full workforce involvement. Worker engagement goes beyond consultation and refers to the extent to which workers contribute to decisions that affect their health and safety. Leaders play an important role by engaging the workforce to achieve safe and healthy conditions. This qualitative study...
Diagnosis of poor safety culture as a major shortcoming in OHSAS 18001-certified companies
The evaluation of safety performance in occupational health and safety assessment series (OHSAS) 18001-certified companies provides useful information about the quality of the management system. A certified organization should employ an adequate level of safety management and a positive safety culture to achieve a satisfactory safety performance. The present study conducted in six manufacturing companies: three OHSAS 18001-certified, and three non-certified to assess occupational health and safety (OHS) as well as OHSAS 18001 practices. The certified companies had a better OHS practices compared...
Nursing student evaluation of NIOSH workplace violence prevention for nurses online course
Introduction: As primary targets of workplace violence in health care settings, nurses may suffer negative physical and psychological consequences. NIOSH created an online course to educate nurses about violence prevention techniques. Method: A mixed-methods approach assessed workplace violence awareness and knowledge among nursing students. A pre/post/post-test survey and focus group discussions evaluated participant awareness and knowledge, assessed course design, and solicited recommendations for increasing participation and strategies for improving message retention. Results: The mean awareness...
New NIOSH Training Offers Fatigue Management for Pilots in the Land of the Midnight Sun
For a pilot working in Western Alaska, the amount of daylight during their work day can vary as much as 14 hours between the summer and winter solstice (or more the farther north you go). These aviators often fly multiple legs each day, serving as a transportation link to over 250 villages across the state. In fact, over 80% of Alaska's communities are not connected by roads. Vast distances, long hours of daylight, short flying seasons, and wildly variable weather can all contribute to the development of fatigue. Fatigue is a general lack of alertness and degradation in mental and physical...
Vers l’amélioration des services et des soins palliatifs de fin de vie
Adapter et implanter des programmes de soutien en milieu de travail et évaluer leur effet sur la satisfaction, le sens au travail et le bien-être des infirmières (SATIN II) Le projet SATIN II propose l'étude de quatre programmes de soutien en milieu de travail. Ces initiatives ont pour but l'amélioration de la satisfaction et du bien-être au travail ainsi que la diminution des FRPS chez des infirmières et des cliniciens qui assurent les SFV. La démarche est guidée par les recommandations du Medical Research Council (MRC-UK) afin...
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