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Causal inferences of external–contextual domains on complex construction, safety, health and environment regulation
A robust and pragmatic regulatory framework that is based on a good understanding of the external–context domains of countries is fundamental for Safety, Health and Environment (SHE). However, in many developing and emerging economies the regulatory framework for SHE is complex and the external–context domains are poorly understood and not factored in SHE. Using Nigeria as a case, the study examines the causal inferences of the social, cultural, political, religious and institutional contexts on the complex Construction Safety, Health and Environment (CSHE) regulatory framework using...
Systematic literature review on the effects of occupational safety and health (OSH) interventions at the workplace
Objectives: The aim of this review was to assess the evidence that occupational safety and health (OSH) legislative and regulatory policy could improve the working environment in terms of reduced levels of industrial injuries and fatalities, musculoskeletal disorders, worker complaints, sick leave and adverse occupational exposures. Methods: A systematic literature review covering the years 1966?2017 (February) was undertaken to capture both published and gray literature studies of OSH work environment interventions with quantitative measures of intervention effects. Studies that met specified...
Addressing Occupational Violence
An overview of conceptual and policy considerations viewed through a gender lens This report reviews the international literature and a selection of regulatory instruments with respect to occupational violence - work-related violence involving incidents in which a person is physically, psychologically or sexually assaulted, threatened, harassed, bullied or mobbed in circumstances relating to their work. This definition covers a broad range of actions and behaviours that can create a risk to the health and safety of employees. This report provides an overview of policy strategies addressing the...
A systematic literature review of the effectiveness of occupational health and safety regulatory enforcement
Background: We aimed to determine the strength of evidence on the effectiveness of legislative and regulatory policy levers in creating incentives for organizations to improve occupational health and safety processes and outcomes. Methods: A systematic review was undertaken to assess the strength of evidence on the effectiveness of specific policy levers using a “best-evidence” synthesis approach. Results: A structured literature search identified 11,947 citations from 13 peer-reviewed literature databases. Forty-three studies were retained for synthesis. Strong evidence was identified...
Systematic review of qualitative literature on occupational health and safety legislation and regulatory enforcement planning and implementation
Objective: The ability of occupational health and safety (OHS) legislation and regulatory enforcement to prevent workplace injuries and illnesses is contingent on political, economic, and organizational conditions. This systematic review of qualitative research articles considers how OHS legislation and regulatory enforcement are planned and implemented. Methods: A comprehensive search of peer-reviewed, English language articles published between 1990 and 2013 yielded 11 947 articles. We identified 34 qualitative articles as relevant, and 18 passed our quality assessment and proceeded to meta-ethnographic...
Law on work-related stress in need of updating
A study has suggested Sweden's Work Environment Act fails to tell employers what their obligations are towards their employees to prevent work-related stress and stress-related illness. Until recently there had not been a single conviction of an employer violating laws which outlaw working environments likely to cause ‘psychosocial' illnesses. The study says the legislation is too vague and outdated, and the organisation that could clarify the rules has failed to do so. Source: http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/ewco/2014/02/SE1402029I.htm
A new estimate of the impact of OSHA inspections on manufacturing injury rates, 1998–2005
Background : A prior study indicated that the effect of OSHA inspections on lost workday injuries had declined from 1979 through 1998. This study provides an updated estimate for 1998–2005. Methods : Injury data from the Pennsylvania workers' compensation program were linked with employment data from unemployment compensation records to calculate lost-time rates for single-establishment manufacturing firms with more than 10 employees. These rates were linked to OSHA inspection findings. The RAND Human Subjects Protection Committee determined that this study was exempt from review Results...
Motivation, attitudes, perceptions and skills: pathways to safe work
There is a wealth of information on workplace culture, interventions, capacity building and managing work health and safety risks. Less is known about socio-psychological factors, such as motivation, attitudes and perceptions that influence work health and safety policy, procedures, processes and outcomes. The main aim of the Motivations, Attitudes, Perceptions and Skills (MAPS) project was to collect information on the drivers of work health and safety behaviour and provide findings which will encourage policy discussion and inform the development and implementation of work health and safety policies...
Workplace mental injury creating 'perfect legal storm', report says
Financial rewards for damages caused by mental injury at work have increased over the past five years by as much as 700 per cent, according to a report released today by the Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC). The report warns that a “perfect legal storm” is brewing in the area of mental health protection at work, and points to emerging responsibilities for employers to provide a psychologically safe workplace. October is Canada's Healthy Workplace Month and next week is Mental Illness Awareness Week. The report entitled, Tracking the Perfect Legal Storm (2010), concludes...
Director leadership behaviour research
In October 2007, the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) and Institute of Directors (IoD) jointly published guidance for directors encouraging them to lead on health and safety in their organisations; the publication was entitled ‘Leading Health and Safety at Work: leadership actions for directors and board members' (INDG417) . Following the completion of a baseline study to assess awareness and impact of the guidance among directors/board members , the HSE commissioned Databuild to conduct qualitative research to explore: - What directors/board members understand about the current legislative...
Second evaluation of guidance for directors and board members
A baseline study was conducted in 2008 to assess awareness and impact of the guidance among directors/board members. The principal aims of the baseline study were to determine: - The level of awareness of the guidance among its target market. - How directors and board members heard about and accessed the guidance. - The number of directors that have read the guidance. - Whether the guidance is considered relevant and influential. - Whether action has been taken (or planned) as a result of the guidance. Source : http://news.hse.gov.uk/2010/06/29/rr815-second-evaluation-of-guidance-for-directors...
Circumstances under which government guidance impacts on the actions of directors of corporate bodies
This report presents a Rapid Evidence Assessment (REA) of the literature on circumstances under which government guidance impacts on the actions of directors of corporate bodies and organisational behaviour as a whole. Source : http://news.hse.gov.uk/2010/06/29/rr817-circumstances-under-which-government-guidance-impacts-on-the-actions-of-directors-of-corporate-bodies/
Prévention de la violence au travail dans les entreprises de compétence fédérale
Depuis mai 2008, toutes les entreprises de compétence fédérale ont de nouvelles obligations en matière de gestion de la SST pour contrer la violence au travail. En effet, l’édition du 28 mai 2008 de la Gazette du Canada a publié la version finale du Règlement modifiant le Règlement canadien sur la santé et la sécurité au travail (RCSST) visant l’ajout d’une 20e partie au règlement. Celle-ci s’intitule Prévention de la violence dans le milieu de travail. Elle oblige la mise en place...

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