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The workaholism Battery - WorkBat
Ce document appartient à une série publiée régulièrement dans la revue. Elle analyse les questionnaires utilisés dans les démarches de diagnostic et de prévention du stress et des risques psychosociaux au travail. L'article, par les mêmes auteurs, " Les questionnaires dans la démarche de prévention du stress au travail " (TC 134, Doc Méd Trav. 2011 ; 125 : 23-35), présente cette série et propose au préventeur une aide pour choisir l'outil d'évaluation le mieux adapté...
Enhancing the detection of injuries and near-misses among patient care staff in a large pediatric hospital
Objective: Compared to other industries, healthcare has one of the highest rates of non-fatal occupational injury/illness. Evidence indicates these rates are underestimated, highlighting the need for improved injury surveillance. This study aims to demonstrate the feasibility of integrating active data collection in a passive injury surveillance system to improve detection of injuries in a healthcare establishment. Methods: Using digital voice recorders (DVR), pediatric healthcare providers prospectively recorded events throughout their shift for two weeks. This sample-based active injury surveillance...
Optimal Cut-Off Points for the Short-Negative Act Questionnaire and Their Association with Depressive Symptoms and Diagnosis of Depression
The behavioural experience method has been extensively used in the literature for the measurement of potential bullying behaviours at work. However, this approach presents limitations when used to classify respondents as targets or non-targets of workplace bullying. Therefore, the present study aimed to: (i) identify optimal cut-off points, reflecting a possible subjectively experienced exposure to occasional and frequent workplace bullying, for the 9-item Short Negative Act Questionnaire (S-NAQ), and (ii) examine the criterion validity of these cut-off points in relation to depressive symptoms...
Questionnaire d'évaluation de la santé au travail et du bien-être au travail pour la prévention, le diagnostic et l'intervention (SATIN)
Ce document appartient à une série publiée régulièrement dans la revue. Elle analyse les questionnaires utilisés dans les démarches de diagnostic et de prévention du stress et des risques psychosociaux au travail. L'article, par les mêmes auteurs, " Les questionnaires dans la démarche de prévention du stress au travail " (TC 134, Doc Méd Trav. 2011 ; 125 : 23-35), présente cette série et propose au préventeur une aide pour choisir l'outil d'évaluation le mieux adapté...
How to Put Leading Indicators into Practice
The use of leading indicators is a growing hot topic in occupational and environmental health and safety. The Campbell Institute at the National Safety Council has been studying leading indicators for the past two years to help more organizations take advantage of their predictive power. The Institute defines leading indicators as proactive, preventive, and predictive measures to identify and eliminate risks and hazards in the workplace that can cause incidents and injuries. Consider an indicator as a concept that a company would like to measure, such as “employee engagement.” In contrast...
Déséquilibre "efforts/récompenses" (Questionnaire dit de Siegrist)
Ce document présente le questionnaire dit de Siegrist, qui a pour objectf la prédiction de la détresse psychologique et des problèmes de santé qui peuvent survenir lorsqu'il y a un déséquilibre entre les efforts requis par l'activité et la reconnaissance reçue. Il appartient à une série qui analyse les questionnaires utilisés dans les démarches de diagnostic et de prévention du stress et des risques psychosociaux au travail. Le dossier médico-technique TC 134 "Les questionnaires...
Development of a Health Risk Management Maturity Index (HeRMMIn) as a performance leading indicator within the construction industry
Safety cultural maturity reflects an organisation's degree of readiness to tackle safety risks. Until recently, no equivalent model for occupational health (OH) had been developed. The current research aimed to develop an OH management maturity index for the construction industry and use the index to survey OH management maturity in the industry. Index development entailed an initial evidence synthesis and subject expert consultation to establish the index's theoretical basis/scope. This identified the key constituents of OH maturity as: senior management commitment; continuous improvement;...
Development of a Health Risk Management Maturity Index (HeRMMIn) as a performance leading indicator within the construction industry
Safety cultural maturity reflects an organisation's degree of readiness to tackle safety risks. Until recently, no equivalent model for occupational health (OH) had been developed. The current research aimed to develop an OH management maturity index for the construction industry and use the index to survey OH management maturity in the industry. Index development entailed an initial evidence synthesis and subject expert consultation to establish the index's theoretical basis/scope. This identified the key constituents of OH maturity as: senior management commitment; continuous improvement;...
Measuring operational performance of OSH management system
A demonstration of AHP-based selection of leading key performance indicators Occupational safety and health management systems (OSH MSs) have been implemented in numerous enterprises worldwide since the mid-1980s. While stakeholders still have expectations on better prevention of occupational injuries and diseases, and on improving the working conditions, it suggest that new approaches are now needed to ensure OSH MS effectiveness, including development of new methods that would facilitate measurement of OHS MS operational status aimed at the genuine improvement of OSH management practices. A review...
Impact of Organizational Policies and Practices on Workplace Injuries in a Hospital Setting
Objective: This study aimed to assess relationships between perceptions of organizational practices and policies (OPP), social support, and injury rates among workers in hospital units. Methods: A total of 1230 hospital workers provided survey data on OPP, job flexibility, and social support. Demographic data and unit injury rates were collected from the hospitals' administrative databases. Results: Injury rates were lower in units where workers reported higher OPP scores and high social support. These relationships were mainly observed among registered nurses. Registered nurses perceived coworker...
Determining safety inspection thresholds for employee incentives programs on construction sites
The goal of this project was to evaluate approaches of determining the numerical value of a safety inspection score that would activate a reward in an employee safety incentive program. Safety inspections are a reflection of the physical working conditions at a construction site and provide a safety score that can be used in incentive programs to reward workers. Yet it is unclear what level of safety should be used when implementing this kind of program. This study explored five ways of grouping safety inspection data collected during 19 months at Harvard University-owned construction projects...
Well-being at work: innovation and good practice
The EU Well-being at Work project in 2008 sought to encourage comprehensive action promoting the better health, safety and well-being of the workforce simultaneously with the organisation’s productivity and success. A report published by the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health describes the management changes needed to achieve well-being at work and presents a self-evaluation matrix that organisations can use to determine the standard of their performance Source : http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/ewco/2011/06/FI1106011I.htm http://osha.europa.eu/fop/finland/fi/good_practice/progress/tyohyvinvointi...
Risques psychosociaux au travail : outils d'évaluation
La dernière édition de la revue Documents pour le médecin du travail (no 126, 2e trimestre 2011) propose quatre articles dans une série qui analyse les questionnaires utilisés dans les démarches de diagnostic et de prévention du stress et des risques psychosociaux au travail. Grille d'identification des risques psychosociaux au travail WOrking Conditions and Control Questionnaire (WOCCQ) Stress professionnel positif et négatif (SPPN) Questionnaire d’évaluation de la santé au travail (Santé au Travail, INRS et...
Risques psychosociaux : outils d'évaluation
La dernière édition de la revue Documents pour le médecin du travail (no 125, 1er trimestre 2011) propose quatre articles dans une série qui analyse les questionnaires utilisés dans les démarches de diagnostic et de prévention du stress et des risques psychosociaux au travail. Guide d'indicateurs de dépistage des risques psychosociaux Job content questionnaire (JCQ) : questionnaire dit de Karasek Déséquilibre 'efforts/récompenses' (Questionnaire dit de Siegrist) Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). (Échelle...
Benchmarking organizational leading indicators for the prevention and management of injuries and illnesses
Can a simple tool be developed that will predict a firm's workplace injury experience based on an assessment of its health and safety policies and practices? This was the question that a team of partners within Ontario's occupational health and safety system set out to answer, and it looks like the answer is “yes.” The team developed an eight-item questionnaire that was then administered to over 800 workplaces. One respondent in each workplace was asked to assess the degree to which their organization adhered to optimal occupational health and safety policies and practices....
Health at Work
Indicators and Determinants In this paper, the current knowledge and issues regarding the economic impact of health at work in Germany is reviewed as a part of the EU project “An inquiry into health and safety at work: a European Union perspective” (acronym: HEALTHat-WORK). After a description of the German institutional framework for occupational safety and health (OSH), it presents indicators of health and safety at work – such as sickness absences, occupational accidents and diseases, disability rents, working conditions, and OSH policy. The paper's major contribution is...
L'absentéisme. Outils et méthodes pour agir
Pour agir sur l’absentéisme, il est nécessaire d’en cerner les caractéristiques, de le défi nir, de préciser quels moyens l’entreprise peut mobiliser pour le réduire. Le plus souvent, les solutions trop globales s’avèrent un leurre. C’est plutôt par un ensemble cohérent de mesures particulières que l’on parvient à rétablir la situation. Une politique de petits pas est préférable à des actions spectaculaires mais peu suivies dans le temps. Il est primordial...
Quality in Prevention – Effectiveness and Efficiency of the Prevention
This final report presents an overview of 12 of the 14 sub-projects that made up the German Social Accident Insurance’s “Quality in Prevention” research project. Social accident insurance is the only part of the German social security system that prioritises prevention, and in doing so reduces human suffering as well as public spending on rehabilitation and compensation. There can be no doubt that the reduction in the number of accidents and occupational diseases as well as the premium stability for the companies are due to the successful prevention work undertaken by the social...

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