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Causal inferences of external–contextual domains on complex construction, safety, health and environment regulation
A robust and pragmatic regulatory framework that is based on a good understanding of the external–context domains of countries is fundamental for Safety, Health and Environment (SHE). However, in many developing and emerging economies the regulatory framework for SHE is complex and the external–context domains are poorly understood and not factored in SHE. Using Nigeria as a case, the study examines the causal inferences of the social, cultural, political, religious and institutional contexts on the complex Construction Safety, Health and Environment (CSHE) regulatory framework using...
Systematic literature review on the effects of occupational safety and health (OSH) interventions at the workplace
Objectives: The aim of this review was to assess the evidence that occupational safety and health (OSH) legislative and regulatory policy could improve the working environment in terms of reduced levels of industrial injuries and fatalities, musculoskeletal disorders, worker complaints, sick leave and adverse occupational exposures. Methods: A systematic literature review covering the years 1966?2017 (February) was undertaken to capture both published and gray literature studies of OSH work environment interventions with quantitative measures of intervention effects. Studies that met specified...
Safety training transfer: The roles of coworkers, supervisors, safety professionals, and felt responsibility
The aim of this study is to identify the influence of social dimensions of the work environment and the employees' felt responsibility on the transfer of safety training. We tested a model in which responses and reactions from safety players such as coworkers, supervisors, and safety professionals are positively related to the transfer of training (TT), through the mediating effect of the employees' felt responsibility and the moderating influence of supervisor support and sanctions. A two-time data collection was implemented among blue-collar employees, all low qualified, from four city...
La sécurité et la santé dans les micro et petites entreprises dans l’UE
Ce rapport expose les conclusions de l'analyse finale du projet SESAME, un projet de recherche triennal concernant l'état de la santé et de la sécurité au travail dans les micro et petites entreprises en Europe. L'objectif principal de l'analyse consistait à déterminer ce qui fonctionne, pour qui et dans quels contextes. L'une des recommandations essentielles issue de cette étude est qu'il est nécessaire de renforcer et de maintenir les systèmes étatiques de réglementation et de contrôle dans...
Évaluation des risques liés à la SST - Les critères de conception d’un outil pour les superviseurs de stage du « Parcours de formation axée sur l’emploi »
L'étude vise à : 1. connaître les conditions de supervision et plus généralement l'activité de travail des enseignants lorsqu'ils rendent visite à leurs élèves dans les entreprises; 2. déterminer les besoins spécifiques des enseignants-superviseurs de stage pour agir en prévention, en détaillant leur perception de la SST dans les milieux de stage, leur connaissance des risques et des facteurs de risque, ce qu'ils font pour identifier ces risques en entreprise et les actions de prévention...
Addressing Occupational Violence
An overview of conceptual and policy considerations viewed through a gender lens This report reviews the international literature and a selection of regulatory instruments with respect to occupational violence - work-related violence involving incidents in which a person is physically, psychologically or sexually assaulted, threatened, harassed, bullied or mobbed in circumstances relating to their work. This definition covers a broad range of actions and behaviours that can create a risk to the health and safety of employees. This report provides an overview of policy strategies addressing the...
Santé mentale et sécurités des collectivités : appuyer nos agents de sécurité publique à l’aide d’une stratégie nationale sur les blessures de stress opérationnel
Les agents de la sécurité publique sont à risques de souffrir d'un trouble de stress post-traumatique (TSPT) et de blessures de stress opérationnel (BSO) à la suite d'événements traumatiques vécus dans l'exercice de leurs fonctions1. Tout le monde s'entend pour dire que le bien-être des personnes qui aident à protéger la sécurité des Canadiens est d'une importance capitale. Le Comité permanent de la sécurité publique et nationale de la Chambre des communes (le «...
A systematic literature review of the effectiveness of occupational health and safety regulatory enforcement
Background: We aimed to determine the strength of evidence on the effectiveness of legislative and regulatory policy levers in creating incentives for organizations to improve occupational health and safety processes and outcomes. Methods: A systematic review was undertaken to assess the strength of evidence on the effectiveness of specific policy levers using a “best-evidence” synthesis approach. Results: A structured literature search identified 11,947 citations from 13 peer-reviewed literature databases. Forty-three studies were retained for synthesis. Strong evidence was identified...
Health and safety in schools
Exploring the perceptions of HSE's communications to promote and support sensible risk management This research was commissioned to explore the viewpoints of school staff responsible for managing day-to-day health and safety in schools. This study explored what guidance schools use to support their management of health and safety and, in particular, examined how HSE's education-specific materials were used. The study found that HSE is not the primary source of information and guidance used by the schools. Instead, the primary sources are the Local Authorities (LAs) or other bought-in health...
Systematic review of qualitative literature on occupational health and safety legislation and regulatory enforcement planning and implementation
Objective: The ability of occupational health and safety (OHS) legislation and regulatory enforcement to prevent workplace injuries and illnesses is contingent on political, economic, and organizational conditions. This systematic review of qualitative research articles considers how OHS legislation and regulatory enforcement are planned and implemented. Methods: A comprehensive search of peer-reviewed, English language articles published between 1990 and 2013 yielded 11 947 articles. We identified 34 qualitative articles as relevant, and 18 passed our quality assessment and proceeded to meta-ethnographic...
Law on work-related stress in need of updating
A study has suggested Sweden's Work Environment Act fails to tell employers what their obligations are towards their employees to prevent work-related stress and stress-related illness. Until recently there had not been a single conviction of an employer violating laws which outlaw working environments likely to cause ‘psychosocial' illnesses. The study says the legislation is too vague and outdated, and the organisation that could clarify the rules has failed to do so. Source: http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/ewco/2014/02/SE1402029I.htm
The effectiveness of a construction worksite prevention program on work ability, health, and sick leave
Objective This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a prevention program on work ability, health, and sick leave targeted at construction worksites. Methods A total of 15 departments (N=297 workers) from 6 construction companies participated in this cluster randomized controlled trial and were randomly allocated to the intervention (8 departments; N=171 workers) or control (7 departments; N=122 workers) group. The intervention consisted of two individual training sessions with a physical therapist aimed at lowering the physical workload, a rest-break tool to improve the balance between...
Pre-conditioning for success: Characteristics and factors ensuring a safe build for the Olympic Park
This research has looked to identify factors which have contributed to the London 2012 Olympic Park being delivered on time, on budget and with an exemplary health and safety record. Where other research has captured 'how' things were done, this research has explored 'why' and focused on the underpinning human and organisational interactions. The research has tapped in to the close-out and lessons learnt activities for six of the venue and infrastructure projects. In addition interviews were conducted with executives from the Olympic Delivery Authority as client, their Delivery...
Triangle of Prevention: a union's experience promoting a systems-of-safety health and safety program
After years of watching company health and safety programs fail to prevent major incidents, injuries, illness, and death in industrial workplaces, union health and safety staff and rank and file activists took up the challenge of creating a union-run alternative program. Named the Triangle of Prevention (TOP), the program successfully engages both local unions and management in incident and near-miss reporting and investigation, root cause analysis, recommending and tracking solutions, and learning and sharing lessons. In all phases, TOP uses a hierarchical, systems-of-safety-based approach to...
The Effectiveness of Joint Health and Safety Committees: A Systematic Review
For this project, the research team set out to conduct a systematic review to determine the factors that aid and impede the effective functioning of Joint Health and Safety Committees (JHSC), and to identify gaps in knowledge in this area. They also held a forum with experts in the field to better understand how to meet the needs of JHSC training. The researchers found that worker empowerment and involvement in the promotion of health and safety is a determinant of lower injury rates. The researchers concluded that it is key for JHSCs to have a clear mandate, and that committee members require...
An empirical analysis on labor unions and occupational safety and health committees' activity, and their relation to the changes in occupational injury and illness rate
OBJECTIVES: To find out from an analysis of empirical data the levels of influence, which a labor union (LU) and Occupational Safety and Health Committee (OSHC) have in reducing the occupational injury and illness rate (OIIR) through their accident prevention activities in manufacturing industries with five or more employees. METHODS: The empirical data used in this study are the Occupational Safety and Health Tendency survey data, Occupational Accident Compensation data and labor productivity and sales data for the years 2003 to 2007. By matching these three sources of data, a final data set ...
A new estimate of the impact of OSHA inspections on manufacturing injury rates, 1998–2005
Background : A prior study indicated that the effect of OSHA inspections on lost workday injuries had declined from 1979 through 1998. This study provides an updated estimate for 1998–2005. Methods : Injury data from the Pennsylvania workers' compensation program were linked with employment data from unemployment compensation records to calculate lost-time rates for single-establishment manufacturing firms with more than 10 employees. These rates were linked to OSHA inspection findings. The RAND Human Subjects Protection Committee determined that this study was exempt from review Results...
Interaction entre la gestion des ressources humaines et la SST
L'enseignement aux futurs gestionnaires Plusieurs disciplines, dont l'ergonomie, la médecine, la toxicologie, l'andragogie et bien d'autres, ont contribué à l'avancement des connaissances en santé et sécurité au travail (SST). Malgré les avancées scientifiques, un défi demeure, celui de développer les habiletés des gestionnaires et de sensibiliser ces derniers à leur rôle dans la prise en charge des mesures correctrices et préventives en matière de santé et de sécurité...
Using Social Marketing to Address Barriers and Motivators to Agricultural Safety and Health Best Practices
Social marketing is an intervention development strategy that pays considerable attention to barriers to and motivators for behavioral change or adoption of recommended behaviors. Barriers are obstacles that prevent individuals from changing or adopting behaviors and are often referred to as the “cons” or “costs” of doing something. Motivators, on the other hand, are factors that encourage individuals to change or adopt behaviors and are often referred to as the “pros,” “benefits,” or “influencing factors” of doing something. Importantly...
Motivation, attitudes, perceptions and skills: pathways to safe work
There is a wealth of information on workplace culture, interventions, capacity building and managing work health and safety risks. Less is known about socio-psychological factors, such as motivation, attitudes and perceptions that influence work health and safety policy, procedures, processes and outcomes. The main aim of the Motivations, Attitudes, Perceptions and Skills (MAPS) project was to collect information on the drivers of work health and safety behaviour and provide findings which will encourage policy discussion and inform the development and implementation of work health and safety policies...
Health and safety at work in SMEs
Strategies for employee information and consultation Small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) employ over 66% of Europe's working population but account for 82% of all occupational injuries and about 90% of fatal accidents. The main reason for these unfavourable statistics is that, broadly speaking, SMEs lack the knowledge and resources to manage their working environment properly, and to call in external expertise when needed. Source: http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/htmlfiles/ef10461.htm
Director leadership behaviour research
In October 2007, the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) and Institute of Directors (IoD) jointly published guidance for directors encouraging them to lead on health and safety in their organisations; the publication was entitled ‘Leading Health and Safety at Work: leadership actions for directors and board members' (INDG417) . Following the completion of a baseline study to assess awareness and impact of the guidance among directors/board members , the HSE commissioned Databuild to conduct qualitative research to explore: - What directors/board members understand about the current legislative...
Second evaluation of guidance for directors and board members
A baseline study was conducted in 2008 to assess awareness and impact of the guidance among directors/board members. The principal aims of the baseline study were to determine: - The level of awareness of the guidance among its target market. - How directors and board members heard about and accessed the guidance. - The number of directors that have read the guidance. - Whether the guidance is considered relevant and influential. - Whether action has been taken (or planned) as a result of the guidance. Source : http://news.hse.gov.uk/2010/06/29/rr815-second-evaluation-of-guidance-for-directors...
Circumstances under which government guidance impacts on the actions of directors of corporate bodies
This report presents a Rapid Evidence Assessment (REA) of the literature on circumstances under which government guidance impacts on the actions of directors of corporate bodies and organisational behaviour as a whole. Source : http://news.hse.gov.uk/2010/06/29/rr817-circumstances-under-which-government-guidance-impacts-on-the-actions-of-directors-of-corporate-bodies/
Healthy workplaces Milton Keynes pilot
Evaluation findings The Healthy Workplaces Milton Keynes (HWMK) pilot was a partnership between the Health and Safety Executive and Milton Keynes Council designed to test a modified version of the Workplace Health Connect model of delivering free advice and support on occupational health, safety, absence and return-to-work issues (via HSE and Local Authority staff) to small and medium-sized enterprises in Milton Keynes. The pilot ran from February 2008 until March 2009. Source : http://news.hse.gov.uk/2010/06/28/rr809-healthy-workplaces-milton-keynes-pilot-evaluation-findings/
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