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La formation initiale
Le développement de compétences en santé et sécurité au travail dans l'enseignement professionnel et supérieur doit permettre aux jeunes d'acquérir une culture de prévention avant même leur premier emploi. Il contribue également à la diffusion de celle-ci dans l'entreprise. Les 18-24 ans ont près de deux fois plus d'accidents du travail que les autres salariés, selon la Caisse nationale d'assurance mala-die (Cnam). En revanche, une étude de l'INRS montre que les jeunes en formation...
Determinants of Workplace Injuries and Violence Among Newly Licensed RNs
Workplace injuries, such as musculoskeletal injuries, needlestick injuries, and emotional and physical violence, remain an issue in U.S. hospitals. To develop meaningful safety programs, it is important to identify workplace factors that contribute to injuries. This study explored factors that affect injuries in a sample of newly licensed registered nurses (NLRNs) in Florida. Regressions were run on models in which the dependent variable was the degree to which the respondent had experienced needlesticks, work-related musculoskeletal injuries, cuts or lacerations, contusions, verbal violence, physical...
Situation awareness in young novice ambulance drivers: So much more than driving
Background: The intractable problem of young novice driver road crashes, and the critical role of emergency responders in attending road crashes, is well-recognised as is the critical role of situation awareness skills (SAS, ie. an understanding of ‘what is going on’ in a specific situation). Emergency responders may be young novice drivers and young novice ambulance drivers, therefore SAS will be required for safe road use. This project explored the SA demands upon young novice ambulance drivers (‘drivers’) in Queensland, Australia. Method: A synthesis of literature regarding...
Accidentologie des jeunes travailleurs
Recevoir un enseignement en santé et sécurité au travail réduit le risque d’accidents du travail chez les moins de 25 ans Le département Epidémiologie en Entreprise de l’INRS a réalisé une étude épidémiologique sur les accidents du travail. Cette étude visait à évaluer l’efficacité de l’enseignement en santé et sécurité au travail reçu par de jeunes élèves ou apprentis issus de l’enseignement professionnel. Au terme de cette...
Les activités rémunérées des étudiants: quelles formes et quelle organisation?
En moyenne de 2013 à 2015, parmi les 2,4 millions de jeunes âgés de 18 à 29 ans qui suivent des études dans l'enseignement supérieur, près de 23 % sont actifs au sens du Bureau international du travail (BIT). L'activité rémunérée d'un étudiant est particulière en raison du cumul de l'emploi et des études. Le taux et les formes d'emploi des étudiants varient en fonction du calendrier des études. Les étudiants qui travaillent déclarent majoritairement choisir...
Young Worker Injury Deaths
A Historical Summary of Surveillance and Investigative Findings This document presents surveillance data summaries on young worker fatal injuries covering the 20-year period from 1994 to 2013. These summaries provide an assessment of fatality patterns and trends by industry, state, region and various demographic and injury variables. Complementing the summary of surveillance data is the presentation of investigative data summaries from case reports of fatal injuries to young workers for a 29-year period, 1982 to 2010. The investigations provide a richness of detail not available from the surveillance...
Évaluation des risques liés à la SST - Les critères de conception d’un outil pour les superviseurs de stage du « Parcours de formation axée sur l’emploi »
L'étude vise à : 1. connaître les conditions de supervision et plus généralement l'activité de travail des enseignants lorsqu'ils rendent visite à leurs élèves dans les entreprises; 2. déterminer les besoins spécifiques des enseignants-superviseurs de stage pour agir en prévention, en détaillant leur perception de la SST dans les milieux de stage, leur connaissance des risques et des facteurs de risque, ce qu'ils font pour identifier ces risques en entreprise et les actions de prévention...
Les jeunes Québécois qui font appel aux agences de placement
Comment perçoivent-ils leurs conditions de travail et quels avantages en retirent-ils? Ce texte examine la situation des jeunes travailleurs embauchés par les agences de placement au Québec. Il est fondé sur les résultats d'une recherche menée par le biais d'entrevues semi-dirigées auprès de 40 jeunes de la grande région de Québec. Nos analyses montrent que les jeunes travailleurs d'agence sont fortement scolarisés, ont de faibles revenus et sont en importante proportion des immigrants et des étudiants...
Safety climate and accidents at work
Cross-sectional study among 15,000 workers of the general working population Methods: In the 2012 round of the Danish Work Environment and Health Study, 15,144 workers from the general working population of Denmark replied to questions about safety climate and accidents at work. Mutually adjusted logistic regression analyses determined the association between variables. Results: Within the last year, 5.7% had experienced an accident resulting in sickness absence. The number of safety climate problems was progressively associated with the odds ratio (OR) for accidents. For one safety climate problem...
Protecting Young Workers in Retail Jobs
June, which is National Safety Month, is an appropriate time to focus on young workers, as they head out of school and into the workforce. Many of them will find jobs in the retail industry, a leading employer of young workers in the United States. In 2014, there were approximately 18.1 million workers younger than age 24 in the U.S. These workers represented 13% of the U.S. workforce. Young workers have high workplace injury rates, explained in part by the high frequency of hazards in their typical workplaces. In retail work settings, for instance, slippery floors and use of knives and energized...
Age and Work-Related Health
Insights from the UK Labour Force Survey Data from the UK Labour Force Survey (LFS) are used to examine two methodological issues in the analysis of the relationship between age and work-related health. First, the LFS is unusual in that it asks work-related health questions to those who are not currently employed. This facilitates a more representative analysis than that which is constrained to focus only on those currently in work. Second, information in the LFS facilitates a comparison of work-related health problems that stem from current employment to a more encompassing measure that includes...
Portrait du travail et de la santé et de la sécurité du travail chez les jeunes de 15 ans au Québec
Au Québec, on observe une hausse de la participation de jeunes étudiants de 15 à 19 ans sur le marché du travail (ISQ, 2014a). Dans une perspective de prévention des blessures liées au travail, il est pertinent de recueillir des données probantes sur les caractéristiques et les trajectoires des jeunes qui effectuent une entrée précoce sur le marché du travail. En 2013, l'Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (IRSST) s'est joint à titre de partenaire...
Involving young workers in occupational safety and health
Involving young workers in occupational safety and health (OSH) is a powerful tool to help strengthen workplace safety culture and performance. Getting young people to buy in to the safety culture of a workplace involves engaging them in OSH; empowering them; and giving them a voice that is heard. This E-fact advises how. Source: https://osha.europa.eu/fr/oshnews/e-fact-78-involving-young-workers-occupational-safety-and-health
Perceptions of Supervision Among Injured and Non-Injured Teens Working in the Retail or Service Industry
According to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), a teen is injured every 9 minutes at work. Workplace supervision may affect whether teens are injured on the job. Because research on workplace supervision among teens is limited, the objectives of this study were to characterize the perceptions of supervision among injured and non-injured teen workers and assess the characteristics and perceptions of supervisors that may be associated with work-related injuries. In 2011, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among high school students. Teens who worked in retail or...
Distinct types of OHS vulnerability seen in young, temporary, small business employees
Young workers, temporary workers and small business employees are often called vulnerable workers, but a new study from the Institute for Work & Health (IWH) has found that they are not all vulnerable to work injury and illness in the same ways. The study used a new occupational health and safety (OHS) vulnerability questionnaire developed by the Institute. The 27-item measure asks respondents about their exposure to workplace hazards and the presence of three types of protection: (1) workplace policies and procedures; (2) worker awareness of OHS hazards, rights and responsibilities; and (3...
Portrait des jeunes travailleurs de 24 ans ou moins - Année 2014
Ce rapport présente les statistiques de 2014 concernant la situation des jeunes travailleurs sur le plan de la santé et de la sécurité du travail. On y fait notamment état de la nature et de la fréquence des accidents dont les jeunes ont été victimes dans les différents secteurs d’activité.​​ Source: http://www.csst.qc.ca/publications/300/Pages/DC_300_1018.aspx
Employers perceptions of the health and safety of young workers
The aim was to investigate perceptions and attitudes about health and safety and the employment of young people. The work involved a review of published documents and interviews with 14 representatives from employer organisations, schools/academies, work placement organisers and insurers. No documents were found that examined employers' views about young workers and health and safety. However, evidence was found within published documents that links increase of injury in young workers, and a lack of work experience and training, poor awareness of occupational risks, inadequate supervision,...
Les stratégies mises en œuvre par des adolescents apprentis en métier semi-spécialisé lors d’évènements imprévus
Plusieurs études ont montré qu'une faible expérience en emploi, souvent caractéristique des très jeunes travailleurs, était associée à une augmentation du risque de subir une lésion professionnelle. Parmi les jeunes travailleurs, les plus susceptibles de se blesser au travail sont ceux qui ont quitté l'école sans diplôme d'études secondaires, ceux qui occupent des emplois manuels ainsi que ceux qui éprouvent des difficultés d'apprentissage objectivées. Le ministère...
Adolescent workers' experiences of and training for workplace violence
Adolescent workers may not be aware that violence is a safety concern in the workplace. As part of a larger mixed-methods pilot study, investigators used a self-administered survey and individual interviews with 30 adolescent workers from a chain of food service stores in a Midwestern metropolitan area to explore experiences of workplace violence (WPV) and ways of learning WPV-specific information. Participants reported experiencing verbal and sexual harassment and robberies. Most participants reported awareness of WPV-specific policies and procedures at their workplace; the ways participants reported...
Déconstruire l’approche par les générations
La notion de génération représente-t-elle une façon pertinente d'aborder la question des relations entre l'âge et le travail, la santé et le parcours professionnel des salariés ? Réponse dans le nouveau numéro de la revue des conditions de travail. Source: http://www.anact.fr/web/actualite/essentiel?p_thingIdToShow=43005665
Teen worker safety training
Methods used, lessons taught, and time spent Safety training is strongly endorsed as one way to prevent teens from performing dangerous tasks at work. The objective of this mixed methods study was to characterize the safety training that teenagers receive on the job. From 2010 through 2012, focus groups and a cross-sectional survey were conducted with working teens. The top methods of safety training reported were safety videos (42 percent) and safety lectures (25 percent). The top lessons reported by teens were “how to do my job” and “ways to spot hazards.” Males, who were...
Reduced sleep duration and history of work-related injuries among Washington State adolescents with a history of working
BACKGROUND: The relationship between sleep and occupational injury risk has not been adequately explored for working adolescents. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the 2010 Washington State Healthy Youth Survey of 8th, 10th, and 12th grade public school students. Teens reported average school and weekend night sleep hours and history of work-related injury that received medical treatment. Multivariable logistic regression evaluated the association between sleep duration and occupational injury. RESULTS: Of 4,144 working teens, 6.4% reported ever having an occupational injury. Teens who sleep ≤5 hr...
Employment and work safety among 12 to 14 year olds
Listening to parents BACKGROUND: Survey research indicates that a surprising number of 12 to 14 year olds in North America engage in some form of paid work, and work-related injuries for this age group are reported at rates similar to older teens. Parents exhibit significant involvement in many aspects of their teens' work and may influence perceptions of work safety, yet few studies have explored this phenomenon from a qualitative perspective with parents of working 12 to 14 year olds. METHODS: This paper focuses on parental perceptions and understandings of work safety based on focus groups...
The Health of Young US Workers
Objectives: To provide an overview of the health status of young US workers across four domains: functional health, physical and psychological health, health behavior, and health care utilization. Methods: Pooled data from the 2004 to 2010 National Health Interview Survey were analyzed for 11,279 US workers aged 18 to 24 years, representing an estimated 16.9 million workers annually. Thirty-nine health indicators were examined and compared across nine occupational groups. Results: Compared with other occupational groups, craft workers and laborers and helpers had the highest prevalence of risky...
Why are occupational health and safety training approaches not effective?
Understanding young worker learning processes using an ergonomic lens Young workers are frequently injured at work. Education and awareness strategies to prevent injuries among young workers are common but they are often ineffective. These approaches emphasize teaching, rather than learning strategies, and appear to contradict recent competency-based developments in education science. This study aimed to gain insight into the actual safety skills learning process of adolescents in an internship in a high school vocational training program. The results are based on auto and allo-confrontation interviews...
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