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Safe Employment Integration of Recent Immigrants and Refugees
This study examined the employment preparation and work experiences of recent immigrants and refugees in Ontario, Canada, to determine key resource needs and opportunities related to safe work integration. In-depth interviews were conducted with 22 service providers, program developers, and policy-makers from the immigration and employment fields. Eighteen focus groups were held with 110 recent immigrants and refugees who were looking for work or who had recently found work. An exploratory qualitative approach was used to collect and analyze the data. First jobs were often characterized by precarity...
Les salariés utilisent-ils les outils de prévention des risques professionnels ?
Près de neuf salariés sur dix reçoivent des informations sur les risques que leur travail fait courir à leur santé ou à leur sécurité, notamment via des formations spécifiques ou lors de visites avec un médecin du travail. Cependant, les femmes en bénéficient moins souvent que les hommes, comme si les risques qui les concernaient étaient moins visibles. Les consignes de sécurité et les équipements de protection individuelle contre le bruit ou les risques chimiques ne sont pas toujours...
Effectiveness of psychological and educational interventions for the prevention of depression in the workplace
A systematic review and meta-analysis Objectives :Psychological and educational interventions for the prevention of depression have a small-to-moderate effect. However, little is known about their effectiveness in the workplace. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of such interventions through a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCT). Methods: We searched PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, CENTRAL, CIS-DOC and Open Grey for RCT. Search was supplemented with manual searches of reference lists of relevant meta-analyses and trials. We included RCT that assessed either...
A systematic review and meta-analysis of workplace mindfulness training randomized controlled trials
This meta-analytic review responds to promises in the research literature and public domain about the benefits of workplace mindfulness training. It synthesizes randomized controlled trial evidence from workplace-delivered training for changes in mindfulness, stress, mental health, well-being, and work performance outcomes. Going beyond extant reviews, this article explores the influence of variability in workforce and intervention characteristics for reducing perceived stress. Meta-effect estimates (Hedge's g) were computed using data from 23 studies. Results indicate beneficial effects following...
La formation initiale
Le développement de compétences en santé et sécurité au travail dans l'enseignement professionnel et supérieur doit permettre aux jeunes d'acquérir une culture de prévention avant même leur premier emploi. Il contribue également à la diffusion de celle-ci dans l'entreprise. Les 18-24 ans ont près de deux fois plus d'accidents du travail que les autres salariés, selon la Caisse nationale d'assurance mala-die (Cnam). En revanche, une étude de l'INRS montre que les jeunes en formation...
Effectiveness of training workplace managers to understand and support the mental health needs of employees
A systematic review and meta-analysis Managers are in an influential position to make decisions that can impact on the mental health and well-being of their employees. As a result, there is an increasing trend for organisations to provide managers with training in how to reduce work-based mental health risk factors for their employees. A systematic search of the literature was conducted to identify workplace interventions for managers with an emphasis on the mental health of employees reporting directing to them. A meta-analysis was performed to calculate pooled effect sizes using the random effects...
Knowledge and practice of waste management among hospital cleaners
Background: Poor knowledge and practice of waste management among hospital cleaners is a significant occupational and public health risk which could be improved by better training. Aims: To assess private hospital cleaners' knowledge and practice of hospital waste management and the association with training. Methods: A cross-sectional study using an interviewer-administered structured questionnaire was undertaken. The questionnaire was designed to record demographics, assess knowledge and assess self-reported practice and training by private hospital cleaners in Etiosa in Nigeria. Results...
The effect of active and passive occupational health and safety (OHS) training on OHS awareness and empowerment to participate in injury prevention among workers in Ontario and British Columbia (Canada)
Objective: To investigate whether differences in methods of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) awareness training result in differences in worker awareness of rights and responsibilities and worker empowerment to participate in injury prevention. Methods: Repeated cross-sectional surveys were conducted on 3911 working adults employed in two Canadian provinces – British Columbia and Ontario. Participants were asked if they had participated in OHS awareness training in the preceding 12?months. Using information on type of training received respondents were grouped into those receiving active...
Safety training transfer: The roles of coworkers, supervisors, safety professionals, and felt responsibility
The aim of this study is to identify the influence of social dimensions of the work environment and the employees' felt responsibility on the transfer of safety training. We tested a model in which responses and reactions from safety players such as coworkers, supervisors, and safety professionals are positively related to the transfer of training (TT), through the mediating effect of the employees' felt responsibility and the moderating influence of supervisor support and sanctions. A two-time data collection was implemented among blue-collar employees, all low qualified, from four city...
Appropriation et transfert par des formateurs d’une nouvelle approche de prévention en manutention axée sur l’utilisation de principes d’action
Prenant acte du constat d’échec des formations à la manutention axées sur l’enseignement exclusif de la technique sécuritaire « dos droit – genoux fléchis », une nouvelle approche d’intervention dite « stratégie intégrée de prévention en manutention » (SIPM) a été proposée en 2011. Son originalité repose, entre autres, sur l’utilisation de neuf principes d’action permettant de comprendre et de commenter la richesse des techniques de manutention utilisées...
Differences in safety training among smaller and larger construction firms with non-native workers
Evidence of overlapping vulnerabilities Collaborative efforts between the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and the American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE) led to a report focusing on overlapping occupational vulnerabilities, specifically small construction businesses employing young, non-native workers. Following the report, an online survey was conducted by ASSE with construction business representatives focusing on training experiences of non-native workers. Results were grouped by business size (50 or fewer employees or more than 50 employees). Smaller businesses...
Pour quelles raisons la formation aux techniques sécuritaires de manutention ne fonctionne-t-elle pas?
Revue critique de la littérature La formation en manutention fait l'objet de nombreuses demandes de la part des milieux de travail. Or, malgré leur abondante diffusion, ces formations voient leur efficacité remise en cause par cinq méta-analyses publiées entre 2007 et 2014. La consultation de ces revues de la littérature ne permet pas de comprendre les raisons pour lesquelles il en est ainsi puisque les formations recensées – et dont on tente d'évaluer l'efficacité – n'y sont pas décrites, ou alors...
Prise en charge de la SST dans les mines souterraines : témoignages de cadres et de représentants des travailleurs
Cette étude exploratoire vise à mieux connaître les rôles des cadres et représentants des travailleurs de mines souterraines québécoises, les éléments du contexte qui peuvent agir comme leviers ou obstacles à leurs actions en SST et à amorcer des réflexions sur ce qui peut les soutenir dans leurs rôles. Cette étude s'appuie sur une exploration de la littérature et sur une analyse secondaire des données recueillies lors d'un projet de recherche portant sur les conditions d'intégration...
The integration of safety and health into education
Le Réseau européen pour l'éducation et la formation à la sécurité et à la santé au travail ENETOSH offre une plateforme permettant un échange systématique d'expérience sur les questions relatives à l'éducation et à la formation à la sécurité et à la santé. Réunissant des experts de la sécurité et de la santé au travail et de l'éducation, le réseau ENETOSH dispose actuellement de 888 exemples de bonne pratique...
Accidentologie des jeunes travailleurs
Recevoir un enseignement en santé et sécurité au travail réduit le risque d’accidents du travail chez les moins de 25 ans Le département Epidémiologie en Entreprise de l’INRS a réalisé une étude épidémiologique sur les accidents du travail. Cette étude visait à évaluer l’efficacité de l’enseignement en santé et sécurité au travail reçu par de jeunes élèves ou apprentis issus de l’enseignement professionnel. Au terme de cette...
A cross-Canada knowledge transfer and exchange workplace intervention targeting the adoption of sun safety programs and practices
Sun Safety at Work Canada Outdoor workers have a higher risk for skin cancers and heat stress. Workplaces need solutions relevant to their needs, proven to be effective in the real-world, and trialed in workplace settings. This article examines a workplace-based knowledge transfer and exchange intervention project, called Sun Safety at Work Canada. The objective was to have sun exposure included as a hazard within the workplaces' health and safety management systems. Knowledge brokers from the research team engaged intensively and supported workplaces in the municipal and electrical-utility...
Évaluation des risques liés à la SST - Les critères de conception d’un outil pour les superviseurs de stage du « Parcours de formation axée sur l’emploi »
L'étude vise à : 1. connaître les conditions de supervision et plus généralement l'activité de travail des enseignants lorsqu'ils rendent visite à leurs élèves dans les entreprises; 2. déterminer les besoins spécifiques des enseignants-superviseurs de stage pour agir en prévention, en détaillant leur perception de la SST dans les milieux de stage, leur connaissance des risques et des facteurs de risque, ce qu'ils font pour identifier ces risques en entreprise et les actions de prévention...
Mieux former les managers et ingénieurs de demain
"Faire évoluer la formation initiale et continue des dirigeants, managers, ingénieurs et chefs de projet pour qu'ils prennent mieux en compte les enjeux de qualité de vie au travail, telle est l'ambition du projet « Faire École » que le réseau Anact-Aract a lancé à l'échelle nationale en 2014. Ce numéro dévoile ce que nos échanges avec le monde de l'entreprise, la formation continue et l'enseignement supérieur ont révélé pour pouvoir faire bouger les lignes...
Training to safety rules use. Some reflections on a case study
This article proposes to consider training in occupational risk prevention as situated at the crossroads between regulated safety (based on prescribed safety rules and procedures)- and managed safety (based on operators' knowledge and experience). A case study in the field of ready-mixed concrete delivery to worksites is presented. It demonstrates the redefinitions of a safety rule within companies, giving it little operational value for operators, and the resources that they have built with experience. These resources are also shown to be limited. Indeed, not everything can be learned through...
Nursing student evaluation of NIOSH workplace violence prevention for nurses online course
Introduction: As primary targets of workplace violence in health care settings, nurses may suffer negative physical and psychological consequences. NIOSH created an online course to educate nurses about violence prevention techniques. Method: A mixed-methods approach assessed workplace violence awareness and knowledge among nursing students. A pre/post/post-test survey and focus group discussions evaluated participant awareness and knowledge, assessed course design, and solicited recommendations for increasing participation and strategies for improving message retention. Results: The mean awareness...
New NIOSH Training Offers Fatigue Management for Pilots in the Land of the Midnight Sun
For a pilot working in Western Alaska, the amount of daylight during their work day can vary as much as 14 hours between the summer and winter solstice (or more the farther north you go). These aviators often fly multiple legs each day, serving as a transportation link to over 250 villages across the state. In fact, over 80% of Alaska's communities are not connected by roads. Vast distances, long hours of daylight, short flying seasons, and wildly variable weather can all contribute to the development of fatigue. Fatigue is a general lack of alertness and degradation in mental and physical...
Effectiveness of participatory training in preventing accidental occupational injuries
A randomized-controlled trial in China This is the first large scale randomized controlled trial documenting the effectiveness of a participatory approach to occupational health and safety training in reducing work injuries and re-injuries among industrial workers. This approach can be adopted and tried out in other settings, and is expected to help reduce the huge burdens of work injuries to workers, their families and society. Source: Yu, I. T., Yu, W., Li, Z., Qiu, H., Wan, S., Xie, S., & Wang, X. (2017). Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health . http://dx.doi.org/10.5271...
Exploring OHS trainers’ role in the transfer of training
Safety training (ST) is essential for workplace safety and to be effective requires that the learned knowledge and skills are transferred to the job. Research on transfer mechanisms and its predictors has neglected trainers' influence, despite their privileged position on decisions related with training. This study is aimed at identifying: (1) trainers' perspectives on best practices for enhancing ST success; (2) unexplored transfer factors based on reported best practices; and (3) the trainers' sense of self-efficacy and personal responsibility regarding ST results. Twenty semi-structured...
Musculoskeletal Injury Prevention for New Nurses
Nurses continue to sustain musculoskeletal injuries even with increased emphasis on safe patient handling and mobility (SPHM) and organizational cultures of safety to protect health care workers. Analysis of data from 2011-2014 registered nurse graduates explored hospital safety culture, SPHM education/training, and incidence of new-nurse musculoskeletal injury. Results indicated hospitals provided some type of SPHM education and training, but 46% of study participants were not informed or aware of national SPHM standards or guidelines. Merely 13.9% of participants stated a written “no manual...
Les formations à la prévention dans les entreprises artisanales du BTP - Enquête nationale
77 % des chefs d'entreprise questionnés déclarent avoir participé à au moins une action de formation, mais seulement 23 % en ont suivi une sur la sécurité au cours des deux dernières années, selon une enquête pour la Capeb, la CNATP, l'Iris-ST et l'OPPBTP. L'enquête révèle également que les chefs d'entreprise ont tendance à privilégier les formations à la sécurité pour leurs salariés plus que pour eux-mêmes. Parmi les freins avancés...
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