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Occupational Safety and Health Among Young Workers in the Nordic Countries: A Systematic Literature Review
This review aimed to identify risk factors for occupational accidents and illnesses among young workers in the Nordic countries and to attain knowledge on specific vulnerable groups within the young working force that may need special attention. We conducted a systematic review from 1994 to 2014 using five online databases. Of the 12,528 retrieved articles, 54 met the review criteria and were quality assessed, in which data were extracted focusing on identifying occupational safety, health risk factors, and vulnerable groups among the young workers. The review shows that mechanical factors such...
Systematic literature review on the effects of occupational safety and health (OSH) interventions at the workplace
Objectives: The aim of this review was to assess the evidence that occupational safety and health (OSH) legislative and regulatory policy could improve the working environment in terms of reduced levels of industrial injuries and fatalities, musculoskeletal disorders, worker complaints, sick leave and adverse occupational exposures. Methods: A systematic literature review covering the years 1966?2017 (February) was undertaken to capture both published and gray literature studies of OSH work environment interventions with quantitative measures of intervention effects. Studies that met specified...
Safety training transfer: The roles of coworkers, supervisors, safety professionals, and felt responsibility
The aim of this study is to identify the influence of social dimensions of the work environment and the employees' felt responsibility on the transfer of safety training. We tested a model in which responses and reactions from safety players such as coworkers, supervisors, and safety professionals are positively related to the transfer of training (TT), through the mediating effect of the employees' felt responsibility and the moderating influence of supervisor support and sanctions. A two-time data collection was implemented among blue-collar employees, all low qualified, from four city...
La sécurité et la santé dans les micro et petites entreprises dans l’UE
Ce rapport expose les conclusions de l'analyse finale du projet SESAME, un projet de recherche triennal concernant l'état de la santé et de la sécurité au travail dans les micro et petites entreprises en Europe. L'objectif principal de l'analyse consistait à déterminer ce qui fonctionne, pour qui et dans quels contextes. L'une des recommandations essentielles issue de cette étude est qu'il est nécessaire de renforcer et de maintenir les systèmes étatiques de réglementation et de contrôle dans...
Worsening Workers' Health by Lowering Retirement Age: The Malign Consequences of a Benign Reform
In 2003, the retirement age of Swiss construction workers was lowered from 65 to 60. This reform has been intended to improve their health. Our study shows the opposite outcome. The human capital theory suggests that investments in employees’ productivity by the employer and the employees themselves depend on the time remaining until their retirement. Hence, we hypothesize that pension reforms that reduce employees’ working horizon decrease investments in work-related human capital, which translates into a higher prevalence of sickness absences, a longer absence duration, and worse...
Réglementer l’incidence sur la santé et la sécurité au travail de l’économie des plateformes en ligne
L'essor de l'économie en ligne constitue un défi pour la santé et la sécurité au travail (SST). Le travail sur des plateformes en ligne — c'est-à-dire assuré par l'intermédiaire, sur ou au moyen de plateformes en ligne — est caractérisé par une large gamme de formules de travail, y compris le travail occasionnel, le travail indépendant économiquement dépendant, le travail à la tâche, le télétravail et le «crowdwork». Le présent rapport...
Experiences of arrangements for health, safety and welfare in the global container terminal industry (2016)
This report presents the findings of a study of the experience of health and safety in container terminals operated by national and global companies in several countries. It explores indications from a previous, preliminary study concerning workers' experiences and the effectiveness of the management systems to support their health, safety and welfare at work. It builds on the earlier findings with a more in-depth analysis, using both quantitative and qualitative research methods. It discusses the new findings in the context of an analysis of the relationship between corporate strategies for...
Évaluation des risques liés à la SST - Les critères de conception d’un outil pour les superviseurs de stage du « Parcours de formation axée sur l’emploi »
L'étude vise à : 1. connaître les conditions de supervision et plus généralement l'activité de travail des enseignants lorsqu'ils rendent visite à leurs élèves dans les entreprises; 2. déterminer les besoins spécifiques des enseignants-superviseurs de stage pour agir en prévention, en détaillant leur perception de la SST dans les milieux de stage, leur connaissance des risques et des facteurs de risque, ce qu'ils font pour identifier ces risques en entreprise et les actions de prévention...
Addressing Occupational Violence
An overview of conceptual and policy considerations viewed through a gender lens This report reviews the international literature and a selection of regulatory instruments with respect to occupational violence - work-related violence involving incidents in which a person is physically, psychologically or sexually assaulted, threatened, harassed, bullied or mobbed in circumstances relating to their work. This definition covers a broad range of actions and behaviours that can create a risk to the health and safety of employees. This report provides an overview of policy strategies addressing the...
Santé mentale et sécurités des collectivités : appuyer nos agents de sécurité publique à l’aide d’une stratégie nationale sur les blessures de stress opérationnel
Les agents de la sécurité publique sont à risques de souffrir d'un trouble de stress post-traumatique (TSPT) et de blessures de stress opérationnel (BSO) à la suite d'événements traumatiques vécus dans l'exercice de leurs fonctions1. Tout le monde s'entend pour dire que le bien-être des personnes qui aident à protéger la sécurité des Canadiens est d'une importance capitale. Le Comité permanent de la sécurité publique et nationale de la Chambre des communes (le «...
A systematic literature review of the effectiveness of occupational health and safety regulatory enforcement
Background: We aimed to determine the strength of evidence on the effectiveness of legislative and regulatory policy levers in creating incentives for organizations to improve occupational health and safety processes and outcomes. Methods: A systematic review was undertaken to assess the strength of evidence on the effectiveness of specific policy levers using a “best-evidence” synthesis approach. Results: A structured literature search identified 11,947 citations from 13 peer-reviewed literature databases. Forty-three studies were retained for synthesis. Strong evidence was identified...
Health and safety in schools
Exploring the perceptions of HSE's communications to promote and support sensible risk management This research was commissioned to explore the viewpoints of school staff responsible for managing day-to-day health and safety in schools. This study explored what guidance schools use to support their management of health and safety and, in particular, examined how HSE's education-specific materials were used. The study found that HSE is not the primary source of information and guidance used by the schools. Instead, the primary sources are the Local Authorities (LAs) or other bought-in health...
Systematic review of qualitative literature on occupational health and safety legislation and regulatory enforcement planning and implementation
Objective: The ability of occupational health and safety (OHS) legislation and regulatory enforcement to prevent workplace injuries and illnesses is contingent on political, economic, and organizational conditions. This systematic review of qualitative research articles considers how OHS legislation and regulatory enforcement are planned and implemented. Methods: A comprehensive search of peer-reviewed, English language articles published between 1990 and 2013 yielded 11 947 articles. We identified 34 qualitative articles as relevant, and 18 passed our quality assessment and proceeded to meta-ethnographic...
Medical repatriation of migrant farm workers in Ontario
A descriptive analysis BACKGROUND: Approximately 40 000 migrant farm workers are employed annually in Canada through temporary foreign worker programs. Workers experiencing health conditions that prevent ongoing work are normally repatriated to their home country, which raises concerns about human rights and health equity. In this study, we present data on the reasons for medical repatriation of migrant farm workers in Ontario. METHODS: In this retrospective descriptive study, we examined medical repatriation data from Foreign Agricultural Resource Management Services, a non-profit corporation...
Law on work-related stress in need of updating
A study has suggested Sweden's Work Environment Act fails to tell employers what their obligations are towards their employees to prevent work-related stress and stress-related illness. Until recently there had not been a single conviction of an employer violating laws which outlaw working environments likely to cause ‘psychosocial' illnesses. The study says the legislation is too vague and outdated, and the organisation that could clarify the rules has failed to do so. Source: http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/ewco/2014/02/SE1402029I.htm
Vieillissement et politiques de l'emploi : France 2014
Mieux travailler avec l'âge L'espérance de vie n'a jamais été aussi élevée qu'aujourd'hui tandis que la fécondité est en diminution dans la majorité des pays de l'OCDE. Pour faire face à ces tendances démographiques, il faut adapter les dépenses publiques de protection sociale et assurer leur viabilité à long terme, en particulier en favorisant l'emploi des seniors. Avec le recul de l'âge légal de la retraite, les seniors vont travailler plus longtemps et...
Assessment of occupational health and safety hazard exposures among working college students
Background Adolescents and young adults have higher injury rates than their adult counterparts in similar jobs. This study used the working college student population to assess health and safety hazards in the workplace, characterize related occupational diseases and injuries, and describe worker health/safety activities provided by employers. Methods College students (≥17 years old) were assessed via online surveys about work history, workplace exposure to hazards, occupational diseases/injuries, and workplace health/safety activities. Results Approximately half (51%) of participants (n ...
The Shift-Work Accident Rate is More Related to the Shift Type than to Shift Rotation
The current study investigated the accident rates across morning, late, and night shifts in rotating shift-workers employed in two different shift rotations at the same steel work factory. A retrospective analysis has been performed of accident data (N = 578) over a 5-year period (2003 through 2007) of 730 male shift-workers employed in either a clockwise (mean age of the workers 38.1 ± SD 9.8 years) or counterclockwise rotation (mean age 38.0 ± SD 10.1 years) with comparable work conditions. The overall accident rate across the 24-h day was not significantly different between clockwise...
Top 7 dangers for young workers
In B.C., 9,000 young workers are injured every year. Find out how… A summer job is the perfect way for young people to make a little money, gain valuable work experience, and stay busy. But, every year in B.C., 9,000 young people are injured at work — and 2,000 of these injuries are considered serious. In 2012, seven young people lost their lives from a workplace incident. Do you know the top 7 dangers for young workers? Source : http://www2.worksafebc.com/Topics/YoungWorker/Resources-FocusReport2011.asp?reportID=36317Resources http://www.worksafebc.com/news_room/resources/2013/Top7DangersYoungWorkers...
Worker health is good for the economy: Union density and psychosocial safety climate as determinants of country differences in worker health and productivity in 31 European countries
Work stress is recognized globally as a social determinant of worker health. Therefore we explored whether work stress related factors explained national differences in health and productivity (gross domestic product (GDP)). We proposed a national worker health productivity model whereby macro market power factors (i.e. union density), influence national worker health and GDP via work psychosocial factors and income inequality. We combined five different data sets canvasing 31 wealthy European countries. Aggregated worker self-reported health accounted for 13 per cent of the variance in national...
Workplace injury and voice: a comparison of management and union perceptions
This article moves beyond the existing institutional focus on union representation and workplace injury by looking at the substance of union representation and participation in the management of occupational health and safety (OHS). The effects on workplace injuries of different configurations of OHS voice (negotiation, consultation, information or 'none'), as mapped by the perceptions of both management and unions in the same workplace, are explored using the British Workplace Employment Relations Survey 2004. The findings indicate that some participation is better than none, that more...
The effectiveness of a construction worksite prevention program on work ability, health, and sick leave
Objective This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a prevention program on work ability, health, and sick leave targeted at construction worksites. Methods A total of 15 departments (N=297 workers) from 6 construction companies participated in this cluster randomized controlled trial and were randomly allocated to the intervention (8 departments; N=171 workers) or control (7 departments; N=122 workers) group. The intervention consisted of two individual training sessions with a physical therapist aimed at lowering the physical workload, a rest-break tool to improve the balance between...
Development and validation of safety climate scales for mobile remote workers using utility/electrical workers as exemplar
PURPOSE : The objective of this study was to develop and test the reliability and validity of a new scale designed for measuring safety climate among mobile remote workers, using utility/electrical workers as exemplar. The new scale employs perceived safety priority as the metric of safety climate and a multi-level framework, separating the measurement of organization- and group-level safety climate items into two sub-scales. The question of the emergence of shared perceptions among remote workers was also examined. RESULTS : Six dimensions (Safety pro-activity, General training, Trucks and equipment...
Work-related health risks in Europe: Are older workers more vulnerable?
Recent policy reforms in a number of countries are extending working lives and deferring the statutory retirement age. Yet such changes may have profound implications for the well-being of older workers if such individuals are more likely to suffer work-related health problems. Using international data from the European Working Conditions Survey for 2005, we test whether older workers (aged 55–65 years) differ significantly from younger workers across a range of self-reported job-related indicators including health risk perception, mental and physical health, sickness absence, injury and...
Occupational safety and health and education: a whole-school approach
A Whole-School Approach to OSH integrates risk education and school safety and health management throughout the school’s activities and the way it functions, making them part of school life. It also actively involves staff and pupils in school safety management. The approach improves both risk education and the learning environment for staff and pupils. This report that presents and analyses in-depth cases focused on implementing the whole-school approach. Source : https://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/reports/occupational-safety-and-health-and-education-a-whole-school-approach
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