Parcourir par tags

Tous les tags » Conditions psychologiques (RSS)
Psychosocial Work Conditions and Mental Health: Examining Differences Across Mental Illness and Well-Being Outcomes
Objectives Psychosocial work conditions are determinants of mental illness among worker populations. However, while the focus on negative aspects of mental health has generated important contributions to the development of workplace interventions, there is less evidence on the factors that support the positive aspects of mental well-being. This study aimed to examine the association between psychosocial work conditions and mental health Outcomes among a representative sample of Canadian workers; and to assess whether the relationships are consistent across measures of mental illness versus mental...
Caractérisation des effets des expositions aux facteurs psychosociaux sur la santé mentale et l'état de santé général perçu - Analyses à partir de l'enquête "Santé et itinéraire professionnel"
Basée sur l'enquête nationale " Santé et itinéraire professionnel ", cette étude avait l'objectif d'apporter des réponses quant à la nature des effets de 17 facteurs psychosociaux sur la survenue de troubles de la santé mentale et sur la dégradation de l'état de santé général perçu. L'effet se produit-il au moment de l'exposition ou après un certain temps ? La santé mentale et la santé générale perçue sont elles plus altérées...
Une démarche paritaire de prévention pour contrer les effets du travail émotionnellement exigeant dans les centres jeunesse
Certains secteurs d'activité sont particulièrement touchés par des problèmes qui affectent la santé et la sécurité des travailleurs. C'est le cas, entre autres, des centres jeunesse où le travail est généralement caractérisé par une demande émotionnelle élevée, attribuable aux contacts fréquents avec des enfants et des familles en crise, et par le manque de ressources nécessaires pour gérer cette demande émotionnelle. On reconnaît d'ailleurs de plus...
Relationship between psychosocial strains at the workplace, depression, and cognitive deficiencies
The subject of mental disorders and work is of high priority for occupational safety and health, in particular where job stresses lead to depression and impairment of work ability. Factors potentially contributing to depression and work ability impairment include psychosocial work characteristics (PWC), burnout, cognitive deficits, and aging. Referencing the Job-Demand Resources (JD-R) model, burnout is viewed as mediating the association between PWC and depressive symptoms, but the mediating relationship between PWC and work ability remains to be tested. Further, cognitive deficits may be a marker...
Strategies to improve the implementation of workplace-based policies or practices targeting tobacco, alcohol, diet, physical activity and obesity
Implementation strategies are meant to improve the adoption and integration of evidence-based health interventions into routine policies and practices within specific settings. This review examined whether using these strategies improved the implementation of policies and practices in the workplace promoting: •Healthy eating •Physical activity •Weight control •Tobacco cessation •Prevention of risky alcohol consumption The review authors also wanted to know if these strategies changed employees' health behaviours, caused any unintended effects, and were good value for...
Job burnout: The contribution of emotional stability and emotional self-efficacy beliefs
Consistent with insights from both trait and social cognitive theories, this study presents a theoretical model positing emotional self-efficacy beliefs in managing negative emotions at work as a key mechanism that contributes to mediate the negative relationship between emotional stability – a trait highly associated with positive affect and mental health – and job burnout. To test this assertion, a two-wave study using a representative sample of 416 new military cadets of an Italian military academy was designed. Military cadets were involved in the study 2 months after their entrance...
Conséquences de la survenue du cancer sur les parcours professionnels
Une analyse sur données médico-administratives Ce rapport étudie les effets à court et moyen termes de la survenue d'un cancer sur l'emploi et l'activité. Il utilise la base de données Hygie, produite par l'Irdes à partir des données administratives de la Caisse nationale de l'Assurance maladie et de la Caisse nationale d'assurance vieillesse. Hygie permet de reconstituer la carrière de l'individu ainsi que les événements de santé. Une première partie exploite la dimension rétrospective...
Age, burnout and physical and psychological work ability among nurses
Background: The ageing of the US labour force highlights the need to examine older adults' physical and psychological ability to work, under varying levels of occupational burnout. Aims: To examine how age and burnout interact in predicting physical and psychological work ability. Methods: Using a cohort of actively working nurses, we assessed factors on the Work Ability Index at 12-month follow-up and determined how these were related to age and exhaustion-related burnout at baseline. Results: The study group consisted of 402 nurses aged 25–67 (mean = 41.7). Results indicated age by...
Health warning for employers: Supporting older workers with health conditions
Research shows that employers are not properly supporting older workers experiencing long-term physical and mental health conditions. As the number of working age people with long-term health conditions rises, Government and employers need to improve workplaces and support systems to help people to manage their health conditions and continue to work. The report was based on research with over 1,000 people who are managing a health condition at work. It found that older workers are more likely than younger workers to be managing multiple long-term conditions and that health conditions are the main...
Les conduites addictives
Responsable ou victime, l'entreprise a un rôle à jouer Cause majeure de mortalité précoce en France, la consommation de substances psychoactives constitue une question de santé publique prééminente. Invariablement, il s'agit d'un sujet qui se retrouve dans le monde du travail et il est encore trop souvent traité en entreprise de façon individuelle, sous le prisme médical ou de la sanction disciplinaire. Quel est le rôle de l'entreprise dans la prévention de ces consommations addictives à risque...
The role of health problems and drug treatments in accidental injury at work
This report analysed risks of workplace injury arising from epilepsy, diabetes, mental health disorders, impairments of vision and hearing, disorders of balance, and certain drug treatments known to effect brain function. Source: https://www.iosh.co.uk/medication
The role of health problems and drug treatments in accidental injury at work
Various common health problems and their associated treatments may, in theory, increase the risk of accidental injury at work. Employers need an evidence base, both to ensure the physical safety of their workers and third parties, and to avoid needless restrictions on work opportunity, especially in older workers. Using a research database from primary care, based on the GP medical records of 6% of the British population over a 20-year period, we have analysed the associations between certain medical problems (epilepsy, diabetes mellitus, various mental health disorders, impairments of hearing...
Associations between common diseases and work ability and sick leave among health care workers
Purpose: This study investigates whether common diseases, i.e., musculoskeletal diseases (MSD), cardiovascular diseases (CVD), mental disorders (MD), and respiratory diseases (RD), influence work ability and sick leave and whether lifestyle-related factors, and psychosocial and physical work-related factors are associated with low work ability and sick leave. Methods: In a cross-sectional study among 8364 Dutch health care employees, self-reported information was acquired concerning common diseases, lifestyle-related factors, psychosocial and physical work-related factors, work ability, and sick...
Organizational change, psychosocial work environment, and non-disability early retirement
A prospective study among senior public employees To date, this is the most exhaustive study to examine voluntary early retirement behavior among senior public service employees exposed to organizational change and subsequent assessment of the psychosocial work environment on the work-unit level. Decision-makers should consider the impact of organizational change and the psychosocial work environment in strategies to maintain senior public employees in the labor market. Source: Breinegaard, N., Jensen, J. H., & Bonde, J. P. (2017). Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health . http...
Psychosocial safety climate, emotional exhaustion, and work injuries in healthcare workplaces
Preventing work injuries requires a clear understanding of how they occur, how they are recorded, and the accuracy of injury surveillance. Our innovation was to examine how psychosocial safety climate (PSC) influences the development of reported and unreported physical and psychological workplace injuries beyond (physical) safety climate, via the erosion of psychological health (emotional exhaustion). Self-report data (T2, 2013) from 214 hospital employees (18 teams) were linked at the team level to the hospital workplace injury register (T1, 2012; T2, 2013; and T3, 2014). Concordance between survey...
Can psychosocial work conditions protect against age-related cognitive decline?
Results from a systematic review According to the use it or lose it hypothesis, intellectually stimulating activities postpone age-related cognitive decline. A previous systematic review concluded that a high level of mental work demands and job control protected against cognitive decline. However, it did not distinguish between outcomes that were measured as cognitive function at one point in time or as cognitive decline. Our study aimed to systematically review which psychosocial working conditions were prospectively associated with high levels of cognitive function and/or changes in cognitive...
Ergonomie et psychodynamique du travail
Si elle partage avec l'ergonomie une préoccupation pour la question de l'action, la psychodynamique du travail porte l'investigation sur l'élucidation du rapport subjectif au travail et du chaînon capital des défenses. Cela la conduit à mettre l'accent sur les obstacles qui viennent entraver la démarche de transformation en les situant non pas seulement du côté des contraintes externes de l'organisation du travail, mais aussi comme le résultat de contraintes internes aux sujets. De la prise en compte de la vulnérabilité...
The impact of co-morbid mental and physical disorders on presenteeism
Objectives: This study sought to: (i) explore the impact of mood disorders (such as depression, bipolar disorder, mania, or dysthymia) and five age-related chronic physical conditions (arthritis, back pain, diabetes, heart disease, and hypertension) on presenteeism (as indicated by self-reported activity limitations at work), and (ii) examine how mood disorders interact with each physical condition to affect this work outcome. Methods: Using Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) data, we modeled the relationships between self-reported restrictions at work and each health condition. We then calculated...
Burnout does not help predict depression among French school teachers
Objectives: Burnout has been viewed as a phase in the development of depression. However, supportive research is scarce. We examined whether burnout predicted depression among French school teachers. Methods: We conducted a 2-wave, 21-month study involving 627 teachers (73% female) working in French primary and secondary schools. Burnout was assessed with the Maslach Burnout Inventory and depression with the 9-item depression module of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). The PHQ-9 grades depressive symptom severity and provides a provisional diagnosis of major depression. Depression was treated...
Changes in working conditions and physical health functioning among midlife and ageing employees
Objectives: The aim this study was to examine the effect of changes in physical and psychosocial working conditions on physical health functioning among ageing municipal employees. Methods: Follow-up survey data were collected from midlife employees of the City of Helsinki, Finland, at three time points: wave 1 (2000–2002), wave 2 (2007), and wave 3 (2012). Changes in physical and psychosocial working conditions were assessed between waves 1 and 2. Physical health functioning was measured by the physical component summary (PCS) of the Short-Form 36 questionnaire at each of the three waves...
Association Between Organization Culture, Health Status, and Presenteeism
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine relationships of organizational culture and health behaviors with presenteeism. Method: Data of a self-reported questionnaire were collected from 816 employees, who joined the study on a voluntary basis, in seven enterprises in northern Taiwan. Results: Organizational culture and health behaviors were found to be significantly associated with presenteeism. After adjusting for confounding factors, the number of health complaints seemed to be more suitable than chronic diseases in predicting presenteeism. Conclusions: This study result implied that...
Why do workaholics experience depression?
A study with Chinese university teachers This study focuses on the relationships of workaholism to job burnout and depression of university teachers. The direct and indirect (via job burnout) effects of workaholism on depression were investigated in 412 Chinese university teachers. Structural equation modeling and bootstrap method were used. Results revealed that workaholism, job burnout, and depression significantly correlated with each other. Structural equation modeling and bootstrap test indicated the partial mediation role of job burnout on the relationship between workaholism and depression...
Struggling at work
A qualitative study of working Danes with depressive symptoms Purpose: Little is known on how employees at work with mental health problems experience their work environment. This study explores how a selected sample of Danish employees with depressive symptoms experience the interaction with their work environment and how they respond to and deal with problems at work. Methods: From a survey study on work and mental health in Denmark, we invited participants for in-depth interviews. Using grounded theory, we conducted 13 semi structured interviews with employees, at work, experiencing depressive...
Workaholism and Mental Health Problems Among Municipal Middle Managers in Norway
Objective: To provide empirical knowledge about the antecedents and outcomes of workaholism among municipal middle managers within the framework of the job demands–resources model. Methods: We used a self-administered questionnaire to collect cross-sectional data (n = 118) on job demands, job resources, work engagement, workaholism, and mental health problems. Results: Workaholism correlated positively with both work engagement and mental health problems. Job demands affected workaholism and mental health problems more strongly than did job resources. The results indicate that workaholism...
Workaholisme : état des connaissances
Le workaholisme est une addiction comportementale dont certains facteurs de risque peuvent être liés à l'organisation du travail. Les études et enquêtes menées dans différents secteurs d'activité montrent que cette pathologie entraîne des conséquences pour le salarié lui-même, sa famille mais aussi son entourage professionnel. L'équipe pluridisciplinaire de santé au travail a un rôle important dans l'étude du poste de travail, le repérage du salarié workaholique...
Plus de Messages Page suivante »

Abonnement courriel

Messages récents

Catégories

Mots-Clés (Tags)

Blogoliste

Archives