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Survey of Academic Field Experiences (SAFE)
Trainees report harassment and assault Little is known about the climate of the scientific fieldwork setting as it relates to gendered experiences, sexual harassment, and sexual assault. We conducted an internet-based survey of field scientists (N?=?666) to characterize these experiences. Codes of conduct and sexual harassment policies were not regularly encountered by respondents, while harassment and assault were commonly experienced by respondents during trainee career stages. Women trainees were the primary targets; their perpetrators were predominantly senior to them professionally within...
Perception of the importance of human-animal interactions on cattle flow and worker safety on Minnesota dairy farms
Proper cattle-handling techniques (stockmanship) are important to ensure calm animals and a safe work environment for dairy workers on farm. The objectives of this study were to (1) assess Minnesota dairy herd owners' attitudes toward stockmanship, its perceived importance for cow comfort and worker health, and the establishment of calm cattle movement; and (2) identify current resources and methods of stockmanship training on Minnesota dairy farms. A stratified-random sample of Minnesota dairy farmers were contacted via mail to participate in a 28-question survey. One hundred eight bovine...
General self-efficacy and the effect of hospital workplace violence on doctors' stress and job satisfaction in China
OBJECTIVES: This study aims at exploring associations of general self-efficacy (GSE), workplace violence and doctors' work-related attitudes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study a cross-sectional survey design was applied. Questionnaires were administrated to 758 doctors working in 9 hospitals of Zhengzhou, Henan province, China, between June and October 2010. General information on age, gender, and years of working was collected, and the doctors' experience and witnessing workplace violence, job satisfaction, job initiative, occupational stress as well as GSE were measured. General linear...
Farmers' knowledge, practices and injuries associated with pesticide exposure in rural farming villages in Tanzania
BACKGROUND: Pesticides in Tanzania are extensively used for pest control in agriculture. Their usage and unsafe handling practices may potentially result in high farmer exposures and adverse health effects.The aim of this study was to describe farmers' pesticide exposure profile, knowledge about pesticide hazards, experience of previous poisoning, hazardous practices that may lead to Acute Pesticide Poisoning (APP) and the extent to which APP is reported. METHODS: The study involved 121 head- of-household respondents from Arumeru district in Arusha region. Data collection involved administration...
Waiting for safety: Responses by young Canadian workers to unsafe work
INTRODUCTION : This study examines young workers' responses to unsafe work through the lens of the exit, voice, patience, and neglect typology (Leck & Saunders, 1992). METHOD : In Canada, social marketing campaigns and high school curriculum concerning workplace safety for young workers promote the benefits of "speaking out" against dangerous work. We conducted focus group interviews with teenagers in two Canadian cities to understand the types of work-related hazards experienced by this group, how they respond to hazards, and barriers to injury prevention. RESULTS : Instead of...
The case for research into the zero accident vision
This discussion paper is written out of a concern. We noticed that many companies with a good safety reputation have adopted a zero accident vision, yet there is very little scientific research in this field. The zero accident vision addresses the accidents causing deaths and severe injuries among company staff. In Finland, where more than 280 companies are currently a member of the Finnish ‘Zero Accident Forum', we see that this has supported the member companies to realize significant safety improvements over time, even though their safety performance was already much better than the...
Diverse cultures at work: ensuring safety and health through leadership and participation
The differences between cultures are helpful in understanding discrepancies when several nationalities are working together. Cross-cultural studies describe characteristics of cultures and differences between different cultures. Therefore, the cross-cultural literature is very helpful in describing general differences that may occur in multinationals, as well as in multicultural teams. In this report the focus is on managing cultural diversity in occupational safety and health, i.e. aspects of leadership and participation that benefit multicultural work teams. Source : https://osha.europa.eu/en...
Effect of safety investments on safety performance of building projects
The construction industry is increasingly reliant on the voluntary effort of contractors to reduce accidents on construction sites. This study aims to investigate the effects of contractors’ safety investments on safety performance and identify the factors influencing the effects of safety investments on safety performance. To fulfill the research aims, a regression/correlation research design was adopted. Data were collected using multiple techniques (structured interviews, archival data and questionnaires) with 47 completed building projects. Bivariate correlation and moderated regression...
Do cultural dimensions predict prevalence of fatal work injuries in Europe?
Work injuries are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Yet, countries differ dramatically on the prevalence of fatal work injuries (FWIs). Are these differences only a function of national economies and infrastructure or also related to entrenched cultural differences? This study tested whether the cultural dimensions of Hofstede, assessed in the 1970s, predict recent FWI in 22 European countries. We hypothesized that Power-Distance Index (PDI) and Masculinity would be positively correlated with FWI, while Individualism and Uncertainty Avoidance (UA) would be inversely correlated...
Near Misses in High–Risk Occupations
In this study, the authors hypothesize that safety-specific job engagement is important to prevent occupational near misses in high-risk occupations. The authors also hypothesize that safety program–focused justice perceptions and the absence of job distractions provide the workplace conditions necessary to support this engagement. Further, safety-specific job engagement mediates the prediction of occupational near misses by justice perceptions and job distractions. Results of a survey administered to 2,488 full-time employees working in the manufacturing, nuclear research and production...
Transfert entre générations : le cas des savoirs de prudence
Les démarches de transfert des savoirs d'expérience portent en général sur les savoirs métiers. Elles visent à faciliter la transmission des "tours de main", des savoir-faire critiques pour l'entreprise. Mais elles peuvent également couvrir le domaine de la santé et la sécurité au travail. On parle alors de savoirs de prudence. Extrait du dossier sur les démarches "TSE". Source : http://www.anact.fr/web/actualite/essentiel?p_thingIdToShow=13597556
Occupational safety in multicultural teams and organizations: A research agenda
Safety is an important issue in the workplace, in particular at the lower end of the labor market where the workforce often consists of people with different cultural backgrounds. Studies have underlined the potential threats to occupational safety of this workforce. Surprisingly, however, very little research has been conducted on national culture and occupational safety. In this paper, we examine how national culture may play a role in important antecedents of safety behavior that have identified in the meta-analysis of Christian et al. (2009). We discuss safety knowledge, safety motivation,...
Chinese temporary workers bring unsafe mining culture, union says
An influx of temporary foreign workers into British Columbia’s mining sector is taking jobs from Canadian workers and making the mines more dangerous, according to the organizing body for British Columbia trade unions. In an open letter to Prime Minister Stephen Harper, the Bargaining Council of BC Building Trade Unions argues that the planned importation of Chinese workers this week by Canadian Dehua International Mines Group Inc. is a strategy for the companies to employ lower-paid employees who are not familiar with Canadian mine safety culture and regulations [...] Source: http://www...
Age related changes and safety critical work - Identification of tools and a review of the literature
The removal of a compulsory retirement age may have implications for health and safety at work, and as such is a cross-cutting issue for HSE. HSE is concerned that some workers may continue to perform tasks with deteriorating performance. This may be a particular issue in safety critical and major hazard industries, and could potentially lead to an increase in the risk of major incidents or injury. More generally, dutyholders may also be finding it difficult to judge whether workers have the functional capacity to work to the required level of safe performance. This piece of work has aimed to assess...
Lack of sleep linked to 274,000 workplace accidents a year
Context : Insomnia is a common and seriously impairing condition that often goes unrecognized. Objectives : To examine associations of broadly defined insomnia (ie, meeting inclusion criteria for a diagnosis from International Statistical Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, DSM-IV, or Research Diagnostic Criteria/International Classification of Sleep Disorders, Second Edition) with costly workplace accidents and errors after excluding other chronic conditions among workers in the America Insomnia Survey (AIS). Design/Setting: A national cross-sectional telephone survey (65.0% cooperation...
Age related changes and safety critical work: Identification of tools and a review of the literature
The removal of a compulsory retirement age may have implications for health and safety at work, and as such is a cross-cutting issue for HSE. HSE is concerned that some workers may continue to perform tasks with deteriorating performance. This may be a particular issue in safety critical and major hazard industries, and could potentially lead to an increase in the risk of major incidents or injury. More generally, dutyholders may also be finding it difficult to judge whether workers have the functional capacity to work to the required level of safe performance. This piece of work has aimed to assess...
The effect of challenge and hindrance stressors on safety behavior and safety outcomes
The significance of occupational stressors as a risk factor in accidents has long been recognized; however, the behavioral mechanisms underlying this relationship are currently not well-understood. Meta-analysis was utilized to test the relationships between occupational stressors (challenge and hindrance), safety behaviors (compliance and participation), and safety outcomes (occupational injuries and near-misses). It was hypothesized that hindrance stressors would have negative effects on both safety compliance and safety participation, and subsequently, safety outcomes, whereas challenge stressors...
An Evaluation of the Impact of the WorkSafeNB Focus Firms Intervention on reported Safety Behaviour and Injury Outcomes
WorkSafe New Brunswick implemented the Focus Firms initiative in 2002 to reduce workplace injuries and build health and safety infrastructure in workplaces with poor safety records. The study evaluated the impact of the Focus Firms Initiative on safety performance at participating firms. Source : http://www.worksafebc.com/contact_us/research/research_results/res_60_10_1140.asp http://www.worksafebc.com/contact_us/research/funding_decisions/assets/pdf/2010/RS2010-DG01.pdf
Assessing Employee Safety Motivation
Safety experts estimate that 80-90% of all industrial accidents are attributable to ‘human factors’. Addressing the social and organizational factors that have an impact on safety would therefore seem to be an effective way of reducing accidents. Evidence suggests that workers’ self-reported safety behaviours are associated with fewer injuries and accidents, and research indicates that employees who report higher levels of safety motivation are more likely to engage in safety behaviours at work. To date, safety motivation research has been somewhat limited by its focus on the...
The Effectiveness of Joint Health and Safety Committees: A Systematic Review
For this project, the research team set out to conduct a systematic review to determine the factors that aid and impede the effective functioning of Joint Health and Safety Committees (JHSC), and to identify gaps in knowledge in this area. They also held a forum with experts in the field to better understand how to meet the needs of JHSC training. The researchers found that worker empowerment and involvement in the promotion of health and safety is a determinant of lower injury rates. The researchers concluded that it is key for JHSCs to have a clear mandate, and that committee members require...
Adapting ‘The Normal’ – Examining Relations between Youth, Risk and Accidents at Work
People between 18 and 24 years of age are more exposed to accidents at work than anyone else. This article examines how safety is experienced and practiced among young employees. The aim of the article is to examine relations among youth, risk, and occupational safety. The article offers an insight into young employees' narratives of risk situations at work. It examines the ways young employees in different organizational contexts talk about – and relate to – dangerous situations at work that they have experienced themselves. Safety is according to Silvia Gherardi considered as...
Training promotes safer practices
A systematic review led by the Institute for Work & Health shows that training positively influences worker practices, making it an important part of multi-component health and safety programs. The review concluded that health and safety training promotes safer practices among workers and, as such, should be delivered by workplaces as part of a larger OHS program. On its own, however, training will not necessarily prevent injuries and illnesses. Source : At Work, Issue 69, Summer 2012: Institute for Work & Health, Toronto. https://www.iwh.on.ca/at-work/69/training-promotes-safer-practices
Preventing construction worker injury incidents through the management of personal stress and organizational stressors
Construction workers (CWs) are positioned at the lowest level of an organization and thus have limited control over their work. For this reason, they are often deprived of their due rewards and training or sometimes are even compelled to focus on production at the expense of their own safety. These organizational stressors not only cause the CWs stress but also impair their safety behaviors. The impairment of safety behaviors is the major cause of CW injury incidents. Hence, to prevent injury incidents and enhance safety behaviors of CWs, the current study aimed to identify the impact of various...
Human factors that lead to non-compliance with standard operating procedures
The Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens categorises biological agents into Hazard Groups 1 (negligible hazard) to 4 (highly pathogenic) according to their potential to cause human infection, the likelihood that infection could spread in the community, and the availability of effective treatment. For laboratories where biological agents are handled, controls proportionate to these hazards are specified and laboratories are designated Containment Levels 1 to 4. These controls are a combination of structural requirements and working procedures. To protect the health of workers, especially with...
Ethnic and gender differences in farm tasks and safety practices among rural California farm youth
Agricultural work is hazardous and is common among rural youth, especially those living on farms or ranches. Previous work has shown differences in farm work and injury patterns between boys and girls, but little data exist addressing ethnic differences. This study examined ethnic and gender differences in farm tasks, safety attitudes, and use of protective measures among rural California youth working on farms or ranches. The University of California, Davis Youth Agricultural Injury Study is a longitudinal study focusing on agricultural work experience among youth enrolled in an agricultural sciences...
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