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The effects of sleep on workplace cognitive failure and safety
Healthy employee sleep is important for occupational safety, but the mechanisms that explain the relationships among sleep and safety-related behaviors remain unknown. We draw from Crain, Brossoit, and Fisher's (in press) work, nonwork, and sleep (WNS) framework and Barnes' (2012) model of sleep and self-regulation in organizations to investigate the influence of construction workers' self-reported sleep quantity (i.e., duration) and quality (i.e., feeling well-rest upon awakening, ability to fall asleep and remain asleep) on workplace cognitive failures (i.e., lapses in attention,...
Social influence and safe behavior in manufacturing
This research presents a model designed to explore the cognitive and social mechanisms that mediate the relationship between organizational safety climate and safety behaviors. Specifically the presented research demonstrates the usefulness of Sussmann and Vecchio (1982) social influence interpretation of worker motivation to understand safety motivation. Survey data was collected from 428 employees in seven factories within the electronics industry in China. The data were analyzed using structural modelling. The results suggest that factory workers with more knowledge about the products, organization...
Working safely at some times and unsafely at others
A typology and within-person process model of safety-related work behaviors Why do individuals choose to work safely in some instances and unsafely in others? Though this inherently within-person question is straightforward, the preponderance of between-person theory and research in the workplace safety literature is not equipped to answer it. Additionally, the limited way in which safety-related behaviors tend to be conceptualized further restricts understanding of why individuals vary in their safety-related actions. We use a goal-focused approach to conceptually address this question of behavioral...
Firefighter attitudes, norms, beliefs, barriers, and behaviors toward post-fire decontamination processes in an era of increased cancer risk
Firefighters' are exposed to carcinogens such as volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) during fires and from their personal protective equipment (PPE). Recent research has shown that decontamination processes can reduce contamination on both gear and skin. While firefighter cultures that honor dirty gear are changing, little is known about current attitudes and behaviors toward decontamination in the fire service. Four hundred eighty-five firefighters from four departments completed surveys about their attitudes, beliefs, perceived norms, barriers, and...
Pénibilité au travail en milieu scolaire, stratégie de faire face et stratégie de défense chez les enseignants débutants
Un autre regard sur les éléments contributifs d'une vulnérabilité au phénomène de décrochage professionnel Cet article porte sur la pénibilité au travail en milieu scolaire dans l'enseignement secondaire en France. À partir de présupposés issus d'une approche transactionnelle du stress et d'une psychodynamique du travail son originalité est d'en documenter la complémentarité pour analyser les facteurs contributifs de cette pénibilité et pour comprendre les stratégies...
Social identity in the construction industry
Implications for safety perception and behaviour The construction industry has one of the highest frequency levels and rates of work-related injuries, yet the evidence for successful attempts to reduce injuries is generally lacking. The motivational and (safety) behavioural implications of social identification and social categorization among construction labourer work crews were investigated to ascertain how their interactions are affected by the social structure and organization of work. Semi-structured group interviews and mini interviews during work were carried out with 13 concrete work crews...
Les stratégies mises en œuvre par des adolescents apprentis en métier semi-spécialisé lors d’évènements imprévus
Plusieurs études ont montré qu'une faible expérience en emploi, souvent caractéristique des très jeunes travailleurs, était associée à une augmentation du risque de subir une lésion professionnelle. Parmi les jeunes travailleurs, les plus susceptibles de se blesser au travail sont ceux qui ont quitté l'école sans diplôme d'études secondaires, ceux qui occupent des emplois manuels ainsi que ceux qui éprouvent des difficultés d'apprentissage objectivées. Le ministère...
Association Between Organization Culture, Health Status, and Presenteeism
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine relationships of organizational culture and health behaviors with presenteeism. Method: Data of a self-reported questionnaire were collected from 816 employees, who joined the study on a voluntary basis, in seven enterprises in northern Taiwan. Results: Organizational culture and health behaviors were found to be significantly associated with presenteeism. After adjusting for confounding factors, the number of health complaints seemed to be more suitable than chronic diseases in predicting presenteeism. Conclusions: This study result implied that...
Research to explore the effect of traditional farming Safety and Health Awareness Days (SHADs) on farmer behaviour
The research explored farmers' perceptions of the extent to which attendance at a Farming Safety and Health Awareness Day (SHAD), established by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE), had changed their awareness, attitudes and behaviour in relation to health and safety. Using a mixture of quantitative (questionnaire) and qualitative (interview) approaches provided an opportunity to explore not only how farmers' knowledge, attitudes and behaviour had changed immediately after the SHAD, but also whether any observed changes were sustained three months after attending a SHAD. Source: http...
Reasons Why Physicians and Advanced Practice Clinicians Work While Sick
A Mixed-Methods Analysis Importance: When clinicians work with symptoms of infection, they can put patients and colleagues at risk. Little is known about the reasons why attending physicians and advanced practice clinicians (APCs) work while sick. Objective: To identify a comprehensive understanding of the reasons why attending physicians and APCs work while sick. Design, Setting, and Participants: We performed a mixed-methods analysis of a cross-sectional, anonymous survey administered from January 15 through March 20, 2014, in a large children's hospital in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Data...
Profiling contextual factors which influence safety in heavy vehicle industries
A significant proportion of worker fatalities within Australia result from truck-related incidents. Truck drivers face a number of health and safety concerns. Safety culture, viewed here as the beliefs, attitudes and values shared by an organisation's workers, which interact with their surrounding context to influence behaviour, may provide a valuable lens for exploring safety-related behaviours in heavy vehicle operations. To date no major research has examined safety culture within heavy vehicle industries. As safety culture provides a means to interpret experiences and generate behaviour...
Des artisans en bonne santé… mais stressés
Plus d'un artisan sur deux estime être très régulièrement stressé. C'est le principal enseignement que révèle ce premier baromètre ARTI Santé BTP, qui permet de livrer un panorama de l'état médical des artisans du bâtiment sur leurs conditions de travail. Ce stress est directement lié aux problèmes de gestion de l'entreprise (trésorerie, fortes variations de l'activité et faible visibilité sur l'avenir, poids de l'administratif…). Il résulte...
Survey of Academic Field Experiences (SAFE)
Trainees report harassment and assault Little is known about the climate of the scientific fieldwork setting as it relates to gendered experiences, sexual harassment, and sexual assault. We conducted an internet-based survey of field scientists (N?=?666) to characterize these experiences. Codes of conduct and sexual harassment policies were not regularly encountered by respondents, while harassment and assault were commonly experienced by respondents during trainee career stages. Women trainees were the primary targets; their perpetrators were predominantly senior to them professionally within...
General self-efficacy and the effect of hospital workplace violence on doctors' stress and job satisfaction in China
OBJECTIVES: This study aims at exploring associations of general self-efficacy (GSE), workplace violence and doctors' work-related attitudes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study a cross-sectional survey design was applied. Questionnaires were administrated to 758 doctors working in 9 hospitals of Zhengzhou, Henan province, China, between June and October 2010. General information on age, gender, and years of working was collected, and the doctors' experience and witnessing workplace violence, job satisfaction, job initiative, occupational stress as well as GSE were measured. General linear...
Ethnic and gender differences in farm tasks and safety practices among rural California farm youth
Agricultural work is hazardous and is common among rural youth, especially those living on farms or ranches. Previous work has shown differences in farm work and injury patterns between boys and girls, but little data exist addressing ethnic differences. This study examined ethnic and gender differences in farm tasks, safety attitudes, and use of protective measures among rural California youth working on farms or ranches. The University of California, Davis Youth Agricultural Injury Study is a longitudinal study focusing on agricultural work experience among youth enrolled in an agricultural sciences...
Work safety climate and safety practices among immigrant Latino residential construction workers
BACKGROUND: Latino residential construction workers experience high rates of occupational fatality and injury. Work safety climate is an especially important consideration for improving the safety of these immigrant workers. This analysis describes work safety climate among Latino residential construction workers, delineates differences in work safety climate by personal and employment characteristics, and determines associations of work safety climate with specific work safety behaviors. METHODS: Data are from a cross-sectional survey of 119 Latino residential framers, roofers, and general construction...
Risk management and workers' safety behavior control in coal mine
According to the risk management characteristics and the actual needs of safety production in coal mine, we thoroughly analyze the system of risk management method in coal mine and implement it in Geting Coal Mine. The system manages and controls the potential accident risks, hazard sources and human behavior risks. On this basis, the system of workers' safety behavior control technology in coal mine is further studied, the "three disobeying" is classified and managed, the "three disobeying" database and safety countermeasures database are established, and the application...
Social marketing to plan a fall prevention program for Latino construction workers
BACKGROUND: Latino construction workers experience disparities in occupational death and injury rates. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration funded a fall prevention training program at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas in response to sharp increases in fall-related accidents from 2005 to 2007. The grant's purpose was to improve fall protection for construction workers, with a focus on Latinos. This study assessed the effectiveness of social marketing for increasing fall prevention behaviors. METHODS: A multi-disciplinary team used a social marketing approach to plan the program...
A Review of the Knowledge Base on Healthy Worksite Culture
Objective: To identify the need for worksite cultures of health, the organizational factors that support worksite cultures of health, the tools that have been used to measure worksite cultures of health, and the research needs related to healthy worksite culture. Methods: A cross-sectional survey involving a sample of 500 companies representing a broad spectrum of industries and business sectors. A literature review was conducted. Results: Similar to a culture of safety that encourages safer behaviors and enables a safer workplace, a culture of health provides a supportive work leadership with...
Using Social Marketing to Address Barriers and Motivators to Agricultural Safety and Health Best Practices
Social marketing is an intervention development strategy that pays considerable attention to barriers to and motivators for behavioral change or adoption of recommended behaviors. Barriers are obstacles that prevent individuals from changing or adopting behaviors and are often referred to as the “cons” or “costs” of doing something. Motivators, on the other hand, are factors that encourage individuals to change or adopt behaviors and are often referred to as the “pros,” “benefits,” or “influencing factors” of doing something. Importantly...
New recruit safety expectations
Relationships with trust and perceived job risk Very little research has examined the safety expectations of new recruits, particularly those of individuals about to enter full-time work for the first time. There is evidence that new recruits have proportionally more accidents in the first period of their employment. One possible explanation for this is that the safety expectations of new recruits do not match the reality of the workplace they are about to enter. In Study 1 data on workplace safety expectations were collected from 142 final year high school students from six schools. Study 2 collected...
Is it possible to influence safety in the building sector?
A literature review extending from 1980 until the present The available literature on construction safety is not very optimistic about the chances of evidence-based safety in the construction industry exerting a positive influence. Many articles indicate that the structures and processes that are designed to ensure safety in the industry are poor. Safety management systems do not work, or are limited, the business processes executed are fragmentary, it is not clear who is responsible for safety and parties lower in the construction hierarchy tend to be saddled with the consequences. Safety detracts...
Role of psychological empowerment in the reduction of burnout in Canadian healthcare workers
In this study, we investigated the role of psychological empowerment as a protective factor for burnout among workers exposed to work-related stressors (e.g. daily hassles, overload, job changes). A cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted, with a convenience sample of 401 healthcare workers. Hierarchical multiple regressions were performed to test main and moderating effects of empowerment cognitions. Results revealed partial support for the hypotheses. Only the job meaningfulness cognition exerts a beneficent main effect on all burnout symptoms beyond the effect of stressors. Some moderating...
Perception des risques professionnels par les opérateurs
Le cas de salariés de chantiers de retrait d'amiante Au-delà des discours généraux et le plus souvent normatifs sur les risques liés à l'amiante, l'approche qualitative mise en oeuvre ici présente comme caractéristique de donner une place centrale à la parole de ceux qui vivent ces risques au quotidien. Ce travail tente ainsi de témoigner des interrogations et des limites exprimées par les salariés de ce qu'ils vivent au quotidien sur les chantiers. La méthode de type clinique, par entretiens...
Understanding and influencing farmers’ attitudes
Agriculture, of all UK industries, has the highest rate of fatal accidents. This study has examined farmers' attitudes, and the underlying influences, to identify how these might be changed to help improve safety in the industry. A literature review showed that people's perceptions of risk are influenced by social, cultural and group processes but no studies look specifically at perceptions of risk and attitudes to safety among farmers. http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr700.htm

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