2012-11-01 12:00 - Messages

Mining industry tackles mental health challenges

Senior mine safety representatives and health professionals have gathered in the Hunter to map out a comprehensive approach to tackling mental health and illness in the NSW minerals industry. Over 20 delegates from around NSW participated in the day-long workshop hosted by the Newcastle Institute for Energy and Resources (NIER), working together to develop a ‘Roadmap for Mental Health' template document for use within the state's mining sector. The Mental Health and the NSW Minerals Industry report - a publication prepared by the University of Newcastle and the Hunter Institute of Mental Health - found an estimated average of between 8000 to 10,000 employees experienced a common mental health illness like anxiety or depression over a 12-month period, that people across employment categories are affected equally and that estimated costs including lower productivity are between $320 to $450 million per year or around $300,000 to $400,000 for an average mine of 170 people.

Source : http://www.workcoverqld.com.au/mining/articles/safety-solutions-mining-industry-tackles-mental-health-challenges

The Mental Health and the NSW Minerals Industry report
http://himh.clients.squiz.net/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/4945/Mental-Health-in-Mining.pdf

New Zealand mining disaster: Sweeping away of old laws left industry "in limbo"

New laws to improve worker participation in health and safety matters and toughen up directors' duties should be given early attention, according to an official report into the Pike River mining tragedy in New Zealand two years ago. The Pike River coal mine, which lies on the west coast of the South Island, exploded on 19 November 2010, due to the ignition of a large volume of methane gas. Twenty-nine men underground died immediately, or soon afterwards, either from the blast or from the toxic atmosphere. Over the next nine days the mine exploded three more times before it was sealed.

The Royal Commission report into the incident, issued 5 November 2012, makes 16 recommendations, the vast majority of which the New Zealand Government has promised to take forward immediately. Following its release, Labour minister Kate Wilkinson resigned from her post, but retains ministerial responsibilities for other portfolios.

Source : http://www.sheilapantry.com/oshworld/news.html#New_Zealand_mining_disaster 

The Royal Commission report is available at: http://pikeriver.royalcommission.govt.nz/Final-Report

Triangle of Prevention: a union's experience promoting a systems-of-safety health and safety program

 After years of watching company health and safety programs fail to prevent major incidents, injuries, illness, and death in industrial workplaces, union health and safety staff and rank and file activists took up the challenge of creating a union-run alternative program. Named the Triangle of Prevention (TOP), the program successfully engages both local unions and management in incident and near-miss reporting and investigation, root cause analysis, recommending and tracking solutions, and learning and sharing lessons. In all phases, TOP uses a hierarchical, systems-of-safety-based approach to hazard identification, reporting, prevention and control while aiming to engage the union, its members, and all other employees of a worksite. This article explains the foundations and workings of this program, the role of an expansive worker-to-worker training regimen, and the ways in which the program has transformed workplaces.

Source : Triangle of Prevention: a union's experience promoting a systems-of-safety health and safety program
McQuiston TH, Cable S, Cook L, Drewery K, Erwin G, Frederick J, Lessin N, Ouellette D, Scardella J, Spaeth C, Wright M. New Solut. 2012; 22(3): 343-363.  http://dx.doi.org/10.2190/NS.22.3.g

Poor Health but Not Absent: Prevalence, Predictors, and Outcomes of Presenteeism

Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence of presenteeism, to develop and test a model of the relationship between workplace factors and presenteeism, and to assess the perceived influence of manager, coworkers, and self on presenteeism. Methods: We used survey data collected for 6309 employees from seven different organizations. Results: Nearly 60% of the sample reported presenteeism during a 3-month period. The model was supported, with presenteeism linking workplace factors and health outcomes to productivity, as predicted. The majority of participants (67%) indicated that the primary pressure to attend work while sick came from themselves. A substantial minority (20%) also indicated the manager as a source of pressure. Conclusions: Psychosocial workplace factors are predictive of presenteeism, and efforts to control them, including the use of more effective management, may impact presenteeism rates and the resulting levels of productivity.

Source : Robertson, Ivan PhD; Leach, Desmond PhD; Doerner, Nadin PhD; Smeed, M., Poor Health but Not Absent: Prevalence, Predictors, and Outcomes of Presenteeism, Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, Nov. 2012, vol. 54, no 11, p 1344–1349.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0b013e31825dff4b

 

Employer Perceptions of Stress and Resilience Intervention

Objective: To understand employers' perceived organizational strengths in addressing stress and resilience-building to help expand theoretical knowledge and guide interventions. Methods: Interviews and discussion groups with 46 employer representatives using grounded theory methodology for sampling and analysis of narrative data. Results: Participants detailed three levels of approaches: (1) preventing stress/building resilience; (2) providing information, resources, and benefits to employees; and (3) intervening actively with troubled employees. Preventing stress through trusting work relationships and trust in stability of organizational structures emerged as a core concept explaining effectiveness of these approaches. Results are discussed using positive organizational scholarship, systems, and well-being frameworks. Conclusions: Psychosocial distress has unfavorable effects on human health and work performance. Greater attention to the systemic development and maintenance of trust in workplace relationships and systems is suggested.

Source : Spangler, N. W., Koesten, J., Fox, M.H., Radel, J., Employer Perceptions of Stress and Resilience Intervention, Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, Nov. 2012, vol. 54, no 11, p. 1421–1429. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0b013e3182619038

Leadership and Occupational Safety and Health: case studies and literature review

This report examines how good leadership practices can promote better occupational safety and health (OSH) behaviour amongst employees. It considers what are the necessary corporate leadership factors on which success depends. It does so by reviewing existing literature on OSH leadership. It also examines 16 detailed case studies from companies across the EU highlighting good practice, the type of activities that deliver achievements, innovative approaches, success factors and the role of stakeholders. In this report recommendations for improving OSH leadership are also made and explored.

Source: Kaluza, S.; Hauke, A. ; Starren, A.; Drupsteen, L.; Bell, N. Leadership and Occupational Safety and Health (OSH): An Expert analysis, European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, 2012. 61 p. https://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/literature_reviews/leadership-and-occupational-safety-and-health-osh-an-expert-analysis

Identifying fall-protection training needs for residential roofing subcontractors

Falls remain the leading cause of injuries and fatalities in the small residential roofing industry and analogous investigations are underrepresented in the literature. To address this issue, fall-protection training needs were explored through 29 semi-structured interviews among residential roofing subcontractors with respect to recommendations for the design of fall-protection training. Content analysis using grounded theory was conducted to analyze participants' responses. Results of the analysis revealed six themes related to the design of current fall-protection training: (1) barriers to safety training; (2) problems of formal safety-training programs; (3) recommendations for training implementation; (4) important areas for fall-protection training; (5) training delivery means; and (6) design features of training materials. Results of the study suggest the need for informal jobsite safety training to complement what had been covered in formalized safety training. This work also provides recommendations for the design of a more likely adopted fall-protection training program.

Source : Hung YH, Winchester WW, Smith-Jackson TL, Kleiner BM, Babski-Reeves KL, Mills TH. dentifying fall-protection training needs for residential roofing subcontractors, Appl. Ergon. 2012; ePub, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2012.09.007

A worksite vitality intervention to improve older workers' lifestyle and vitality-related outcomes: results of a randomised controlled trial

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a worksite vitality intervention on vigorous physical activity (VPA), fruit intake, aerobic capacity, mental health and need for recovery after work among older hospital workers (ie, 45 years and older). Methods: The 6-month intervention was evaluated using a randomised controlled trial design. Workers who were randomised to the intervention group (n=367; control: n=363) received the [email protected] intervention containing (1) a Vitality Exercise Program (VEP) combined with (2) three visits to Personal Vitality Coach. The VEP consisted of a weekly yoga session, a weekly workout session and weekly unsupervised aerobic exercising. Free fruit was provided at the VEP. Data on the outcome measures were collected (ie, year 2009–2010) at baseline (n=730) and 6 months of follow-up after baseline (n=575) using questionnaires, accelerometers and 2 km walk tests. Effects were analysed according to the intention-to-treat principle with complete cases (n=575) and imputed data (n=730) using linear regression analyses. Additional analyses were performed for high yoga and workout compliance (ie, >mean number of sessions). Results: Effects were found for sports activities (β=40.4 min/week, 95% CI 13.0 to 67.7) and fruit intake (β=2.7 pieces/week, 95% CI 0.07 to 4.7) and were stronger for workers with high compliance to yoga (sport: β=49.6 min/week, 95% CI 13.9 to 85.2; fruit: β=3.8 pieces/week, 95% CI 1.1 to 6.4) and workout sessions (sport: β=72.9 min/week, 95% CI 36.1 to 109.8; fruit: β=4.0 pieces/week, 95% CI 1.1 to 6.4). The intervention group lowered their need for recovery, when compared to controls (β=−3.5, 95% CI −6.4 to −0.54), with stronger effects for high workout compliance (β=−5.3, 95% CI −9.3 to −1.3). No effects were found on VPA, aerobic capacity or mental health. Conclusions: Implementation of worksite yoga and workout facilities and minimal fruit interventions should be considered by employers to promote transitions into healthier lifestyles and thereby health.

Source : Strijk, J.E, Proper, K.I., van der Beek, A. J. , van Mechelen, W.  A worksite vitality intervention to improve older workers' lifestyle and vitality-related outcomes: results of a randomised controlled trial. J Epidemiol Community Health 2012;66:1071-1078 http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech-2011-200626
 

Analyse ergonomique de la santé et de la sécurité en centre de formation professionnelle

Les centres de formation professionnelle (CFP), qui enseignent environ 150 métiers, sont un lieu privilégié pour l'apprentissage de pratiques de SST. Or, l'enseignement de la SST est complexe et requiert des ressources et des milieux adaptés aux besoins, ce dont il semblerait que les CFP ne disposent pas toujours. De plus, le matériel didactique renvoie surtout à des prescriptions de comportement. Comme transmettre des savoir-faire de prudence, en particulier aux plus jeunes qui ne se sentent pas concernés par les problèmes de SST ? Une étude réalisée dans un CFP montre que des élèves se blessent en cours de formation et qu'ils arrivent en emploi avec des limitations physiques et une vision négative de la SST. Les chercheures examineront ces problématiques dans deux CFP en documentant les facteurs de risque en cause et en considérant la dynamique de formation impliquant les élèves et les enseignants. Il s'agit de comprendre les enjeux, les acteurs clés et les pratiques d'intégration de la SST dans l'enseignement et dans l'apprentissage. Cette recherche, incluse dans la programmation JEUNESST de l'Institut, mènera à des propositions d'interventions et d'aide. Elle conduira aussi à l'élaboration d'un projet, en collaboration avec le réseau d'intervenants des CFP concernés, visant à approfondir des aspects prioritaires de cette problématique.

Source : http://www.irsst.qc.ca/media/documents/PubIRSST/R-756.pdf

STRESSLESS – Improving Educators’ Resilience to Stress

A European initiative “STRESSLESS – Improving Educators’ Resilience to Stress” recently published its main results, including a guidebook that aims at providing educators and educational/training institutions with a useful, practical and validated tool to manage properly psychosocial risks in the educational sector and to improve educators’ resilience towards stress.

Source : http://web.spi.pt/stressless/ . Certaines publications sont disponibles en français : http://web.spi.pt/stressless/index_FR.html

Psychosocial risk assessment : French validation of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ)

Aims: This study presents a French version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ) and analyses its psychometric properties for the purpose of validation. The questionnaire assesses psychosocial risk factors at work. The French questionnaire (derived from the Danish short version) is composed of 32 items grouped into 17 scales measuring five domains and eight additional questions assessing aggressive behaviour at work. Method: The questionnaire was administered to 935 employees of a large firm in the Parisian area. Results: All psychometric analyses performed (internal consistency of the scales, exploratory factor analysis, concurrent validity analysis) gave satisfactory results and demonstrated the validity of the French COPSOQ. Conclusions: A new questionnaire is now available in French. A large body of data is currently being gathered in view of comparing occupations and types of firms using this new instrument.

Source :
Dupret, E., Bocéréan, C., Teherani, M., Feltrin, M., Pejtersen,  JH. Psychosocial risk assessment : French validation of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ). Scand. J. Public Health 2012; ePub. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494812453888

Chinese temporary workers bring unsafe mining culture, union says

An influx of temporary foreign workers into British Columbia’s mining sector is taking jobs from Canadian workers and making the mines more dangerous, according to the organizing body for British Columbia trade unions.
In an open letter to Prime Minister Stephen Harper, the Bargaining Council of BC Building Trade Unions argues that the planned importation of Chinese workers this week by Canadian Dehua International Mines Group Inc. is a strategy for the companies to employ lower-paid employees who are not familiar with Canadian mine safety culture and regulations [...]


Source: http://www.ohscanada.com/news/chinese-temporary-workers-bring-unsafe-mining-culture-union-says/1001783699/?ref=rss&ctid=1001783699

Travail posté et diabète

Une récente étude de l'Inserm publiée dans la revue Chronobiology International tend à montrer que le travail en « trois-huit » augmenterait les risques de pré-diabète. Selon les chercheurs, les changements réguliers de rythme de travail perturberaient l'horloge biologique de l'organisme et notamment la sécrétion d'insuline, une hormone impliquée dans la régulation du taux de sucre sanguin. Ces travaux semblent confirmer l'impact négatif du travail posté sur la santé. Des études antérieures avaient déjà montré que les salariés soumis à ces rythmes de travail présentaient un risque accru de syndrome métabolique et de maladies cardiovasculaires.

Source : http://www.inserm.fr/index.php/actualites/rubriques/actualites-recherche/travail-poste-en-trois-huit-un-risque-plus-eleve-de-syndrome-metabolique

Métiers et vieillissement au travail : une analyse des résultats de la cinquième enquête européenne sur les conditions de travail

Ce document de travail analyse les données collectées par la cinquième enquête européenne sur les conditions de travail, réalisée en 2010 (en abrégé EWCS 2010), pour étudier l’évolution des conditions de travail en fonction de l’âge, selon les métiers. Il apporte un éclairage sur la qualité du travail et de l’emploi chez les travailleurs vieillissants et contribue ainsi à alimenter le débat sur la soutenabilité du travail en fonction de l’âge et selon les professions.

Source: Vendramin, P. et G. Valenduc. Métiers et vieillissement au travail : une analyse des résultats de la cinquième enquête européenne sur les conditions de travail, Bruxelles, ETUI, 2012. http://www.ftu-namur.org/fichiers/ETUI_WP09_Metiers_vieillissement_FR.pdf

Safety, incentives, and the reporting of work-related injuries among union carpenters

 "You're pretty much screwed if you get hurt at work"

Background: In the high-risk construction industry little is known about the prevalence or effects of programs offering rewards for workers and/or their supervisors for improved safety records or those that punish workers in some way for injury. Methods: We conducted an anonymous survey of 1,020 carpenter apprentices in three union training programs to document prevalence of their exposure to such efforts. We explored associations between perceptions of the reporting of work-related injury and elements of these programs. Results: Fifty-eight percent (58%; n = 592) reported some safety incentive or negative consequence of work-related injuries on their current jobsite. Reporting of work-related injuries was 50% less prevalent when workers were disciplined for injury experiences. Otherwise, we saw minimal evidence of association between injury reporting practices and safety incentive programs. However, considerable evidence of fear of reprisal for reporting injuries was revealed. Less than half (46.4%) reported that work-related injuries were reported in their current workplace all or most of the time; over 30% said they were almost never or rarely reported. Conclusions: There are multiple layers of disincentives to the reporting of work-related injuries that hamper understanding of risk and pose threats to workplace safety and productivity. These pressures do not arise in a vacuum and are likely influenced by a host of contextual factors. Efforts that help us understand variation across jobsites and time could be enlightening; such inquiries may require mixed methodologies and should be framed with consideration for the upper tiers of the public health hierarchy of hazard control.

Source : Lipscomb HJ, Nolan J, Patterson D, Sticca V, Myers DJ.  Safety, incentives, and the reporting of work-related injuries among union carpenters. Am. J. Ind. Med. 2012, ePub. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22128
  

After restructuring: labour markets, working conditions and life satisfaction

The ERM Report 2012 focuses on the consequences of restructuring for employees. It examines which employees lost their job at the onset of the economic crisis, which of them found a new job and how both job loss and subsequent re-employment impacted on their overall life situation and satisfaction. It also looks at the impact on working conditions for employees who remain at the restructured firm.

Source : Eurofound (2012), ERM report 2012 - After restructuring: labour markets, working conditions and life satisfaction Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/pubdocs/2012/61/en/1/EF1261EN.pdf

Prévention des RPS : améliorer l’offre d’accompagnement des entreprises

La monté des risques psychosociaux entraîne une forte demande d’accompagnement de la part des entreprises. Face à la qualité inégale de l'offre, le ministère du travail à confié à l'ANACT une mission d'animation de réseaux de consultants. Conseils, RRH, syndicalistes et institutionnels étaient réunis à Paris le 11 septembre pour échanger sur les modalités d'animation en région. Retour vidéo. 

Source : http://www.anact.fr/web/actualite/essentiel?p_thingIdToShow=29583601

 

Age related changes and safety critical work - Identification of tools and a review of the literature

The removal of a compulsory retirement age may have implications for health and safety at work, and as such is a cross-cutting issue for HSE. HSE is concerned that some workers may continue to perform tasks with deteriorating performance. This may be a particular issue in safety critical and major hazard industries, and could potentially lead to an increase in the risk of major incidents or injury. More generally, dutyholders may also be finding it difficult to judge whether workers have the functional capacity to work to the required level of safe performance. This piece of work has aimed to assess existing evidence on age related changes in performance and safety critical work, identify tools that assist dutyholders to assess human function and performance and to critically consider what the findings mean in terms of the need for future work.

Source : http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr946.pdf 

Santé au travail : deux poids, deux mesures

«Plusieurs études démontrent que les jeunes qui arrivent sur le marché du travail se blessent énormément», souligne Céline Chatigny. Spécialiste de la formation professionnelle et de la santé au travail, la professeure du Département d'éducation et formation spécialisées a mené une recherche portant sur la santé des élèves qui apprennent un métier dans un centre de formation professionnelle. Les résultats ont donné lieu à un article – «Health and safety of students in vocational training in Quebec : a gender issue» – publié dans la revue Work, en collaboration avec la doctorante en éducation Jessica Riel et le candidat à la maîtrise en kinanthropologie Livann Nadon.


Source :  Céline Chatigny, Jessica Riel and Livann NadonHealth and safety of students in vocationaltraining in Quebec: a gender issue? Work 41 (2012) 4653-4660. http://iospress.metapress.com/content/486015u28w537n14/fulltext.pdf

 

Belgique. Une recherche sur le bien-être au travail dans les centres d'appels

Alors que l'activité est en pleine croissance, les centres d'appels de Belgique peinent à recruter. Afin de mieux connaître les difficultés et les risques en matière de bien-être au travail spécifiques à ce secteur, le ministère en charge du travail en Belgique a commandé une étude auprès de chercheurs. Le rapport final identifie 7 grandes contraintes s'appliquant sur les opérateurs, et propose pour chacune des pistes d'action. Ces recommandations sont organisées en fonction des principales contraintes identifiées au cours du projet : la gestion des relations-client difficiles, la dissonance émotionnelle, la routine perçue dans les tâches, le contrôle sur le travail, le contrôle des performances, la charge de travail et la gestion des demandes contradictoires.

Source : http://www.anact.fr/web/actualite/essentiel?p_thingIdToShow=29353600

Lack of sleep linked to 274,000 workplace accidents a year

Context : Insomnia is a common and seriously impairing condition that often goes unrecognized. Objectives: To examine associations of broadly defined insomnia (ie, meeting inclusion criteria for a diagnosis from International Statistical Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, DSM-IV, or Research Diagnostic Criteria/International Classification of Sleep Disorders, Second Edition) with costly workplace accidents and errors after excluding other chronic conditions among workers in the America Insomnia Survey (AIS). Design/Setting: A national cross-sectional telephone survey (65.0% cooperation rate) of commercially insured health plan members selected from the more than 34 million in the HealthCore Integrated Research Database. Participants: Four thousand nine hundred ninety-one employed AIS respondents. Main Outcome Measures: Costly workplace accidents or errors in the 12 months before the AIS interview were assessed with one question about workplace accidents “that either caused damage or work disruption with a value of $500 or more” and another about other mistakes “that cost your company $500 or more.” Results: Current insomnia with duration of at least 12 months was assessed with the Brief Insomnia Questionnaire, a validated (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.86 compared with diagnoses based on blinded clinical reappraisal interviews), fully structured diagnostic interview. Eighteen other chronic conditions were assessed with medical/pharmacy claims records and validated self-report scales. Insomnia had a significant odds ratio with workplace accidents and/or errors controlled for other chronic conditions (1.4). The odds ratio did not vary significantly with respondent age, sex, educational level, or comorbidity. The average costs of insomnia-related accidents and errors ($32 062) were significantly higher than those of other accidents and errors ($21 914). Simulations estimated that insomnia was associated with 7.2% of all costly workplace accidents and errors and 23.7% of all the costs of these incidents. These proportions are higher than for any other chronic condition, with annualized US population projections of 274 000 costly insomnia-related workplace accidents and errors having a combined value of US $31.1 billion. Conclusion: Effectiveness trials are needed to determine whether expanded screening, outreach, and treatment of workers with insomnia would yield a positive return on investment for employers. 

Source : Shahly, V.; Berglund, P. A.; Coulouvrat, C.; Fitzgerald, T.; Hajak, G.; Roth, T.; Shillington, A. C.; Stephenson, J. J.; Walsh, J. K. ; Kessler, R. C. The Associations of Insomnia With Costly Workplace Accidents and Errors: Results from the America Insomnia Survey
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2012;69(10), p. 1054-1063. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2011.2188

Approche ergonomique et pénibilité perçue du travail avec les tout-petits

L'activité de travail des agents accueillant de jeunes enfants soit en crèche soit à leur domicile est étudiée par G. Valléry et S. Leduc sous l'angle de la pénibilité réelle et perçue du travail. L'accent est mis par les agents sur la pénibilité physique (en termes de douleurs) ce qui semble masquer une forme de "déni" de la dimension psychologique de la pénibilité (par exemple supporter les cris, les refus de manger, etc.). Au final, la pénibilité relative aux enfants ne serait pas "socialement acceptable" et serait non exprimable quand il s'agit du tout petit enfant.

Source :  Vallery, G., Leduc, S. Approche ergonomique et pénibilité perçue du travail avec les tout-petits, Politiques sociales et familiales, 09/2012, p. 87-93. http://www.caf.fr/sites/default/files/cnaf/Documents/Dser/PSF/psf109-2-gerardvallery_sylvainleduc.pdf

 

La place du care dans la transmission des savoirs professionnels entre anciens et nouveaux à l'hôpital

Cet article présente des résultats d'une recherche réalisée en France et portant sur la transmission des savoirs professionnels entre anciennes et nouvelles, infirmières et aides-soignantes. Le secteur hospitalier est soumis à des transformations démographiques qui pointent l'accueil et la formation des nouveaux comme un enjeu important. Par ailleurs, il connaît des transformations organisationnelles fortes, relatives à la réduction des dépenses de soin, qui touchent les métiers des personnels soignants, notamment dans l'articulation du cure et du care. À partir de l'analyse ergonomique de trois situations de transmission, cet article examine la place du care dans la transmission et questionne ses déterminants organisationnels, individuels et collectifs. Il propose de considérer la transmission comme une activité nodale. C'est en effet une activité qui permet de tisser le métier et d'en débattre entre des personnels de différentes anciennetés, de différents parcours ; c'est aussi un lieu de tensions entre les exigences de l'organisation et celles portées par le métier, notamment dans l'articulation du cure et du care. Son absence de prise en charge concrète par l'hôpital en fait une tâche discrétionnaire pour les anciennes. Les contenus transmis et la dimension collective de la transmission sont donc variables et dépendent fortement des ressources et des contraintes immédiates. Au final, un des enjeux forts de la transmission réside dans la possibilité, pour les anciens comme pour les nouveaux, de travailler en santé et en qualité.

Source : Gaudart, C. et J. Thébault, La place du care dans la transmission des savoirs professionnels entre anciens et nouveaux à l’hôpital, Relations industrielles, vol. 67, no 2, printemps 2012, p. 242-262. http://dx.doi.org/10.7202/1009086ar

Employer Perceptions of Stress and Resilience Intervention

Objective: To understand employers' perceived organizational strengths in addressing stress and resilience-building to help expand theoretical knowledge and guide interventions. Methods: Interviews and discussion groups with 46 employer representatives using grounded theory methodology for sampling and analysis of narrative data. Results: Participants detailed three levels of approaches: (1) preventing stress/building resilience; (2) providing information, resources, and benefits to employees; and (3) intervening actively with troubled employees. Preventing stress through trusting work relationships and trust in stability of organizational structures emerged as a core concept explaining effectiveness of these approaches. Results are discussed using positive organizational scholarship, systems, and well-being frameworks. Conclusions: Psychosocial distress has unfavorable effects on human health and work performance. Greater attention to the systemic development and maintenance of trust in workplace relationships and systems is suggested.

Source : Spangler, Nancy W. PhD; Koesten, Joy PhD; Fox, Michael H. ScD; Radel, Jeff PhD. Employer Perceptions of Stress and Resilience Intervention. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0b013e3182619053

Age related changes and safety critical work: Identification of tools and a review of the literature

The removal of a compulsory retirement age may have implications for health and safety at work, and as such is a cross-cutting issue for HSE. HSE is concerned that some workers may continue to perform tasks with deteriorating performance. This may be a particular issue in safety critical and major hazard industries, and could potentially lead to an increase in the risk of major incidents or injury. More generally, dutyholders may also be finding it difficult to judge whether workers have the functional capacity to work to the required level of safe performance. This piece of work has aimed to assess existing evidence on age related changes in performance and safety critical work, identify tools that assist dutyholders to assess human function and performance and to critically consider what the findings mean in terms of the need for future work.


Source: http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr946.pdf

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