2011-10-01 12:00 - Messages

Prévenir à la source en agissant dès la conception des installations de production - Une vidéo sur les pratiques gagnantes en gestion de projet

Pour tenter d'éliminer à la source les risques à la santé et la sécurité des travailleurs tout en préservant la qualité et l'efficacité de la production, il est important de  prendre en compte les besoins des futurs utilisateurs, les impératifs de la production ainsi que les exigences des activités de maintenance, et ce, dès la conception de nouvelles installations. Afin de présenter les pratiques de gestion de projets à mettre en place afin de générer des installations optimales sur le plan de l'efficacité de la production et de la santé et de la sécurité des travailleurs, l'IRSST vient de produire la vidéo «Harmoniser solutions techniques et activités de travail : cinq pratiques gagnantes pour la gestion des projets de conception». Appuyée par des témoignages de gestionnaires et d'experts, cette vidéo démontre l'importance de planifier et de concevoir les activités de travail en même temps que les solutions techniques.


La vidéo s'adresse aux gestionnaires d'entreprise, de projets ou à toute personne qui a la responsabilité de concevoir des installations de production efficaces et sécuritaires. Elle s'inspire des connaissances et de l'expérience de chercheurs en ergonomie de conception financés par l'IRSST, d'entreprises innovantes et de professionnels qui œuvrent dans les domaines du génie, de l'ergonomie et de la santé et de la sécurité.


La vidéo comporte trois modules :
Le module 1 intitulé « L'enjeu : harmoniser les solutions techniques et les activités de travail »;
Le module 2 intitulé « La gestion des projets »;
Le module 3 intitulé « L'ergonomie de conception »
Source : http://www.irsst.qc.ca/-outil-cinq-pratiques-gagnantes-pour-la-gestion-des-projets-de-conception.html

 

Health-Care Rx: Reducing work absences among Canadian nurses

Creating non-violent and supportive health-care workplaces might help prevent prolonged work absences among nurses. This is the upshot of a new study from the Institute for Work & Health. With the health-care sector having the highest rate of lost-time claims and work absence in the country, disability managers in Canada's health-care organizations may want to join forces with their counterparts in human resources to implement violence prevention and respectful workplace programs. A new study from the Institute for Work & Health (IWH) shows that emotional and physical abuse at work, as well as disrespectful and unsupportive work environments, are associated with prolonged work absences among nurses.

Source :
Franche, R.-L.; Murray, E.; Ibrahim, S. ; Smith, P.; Carnide, N.; Côté, P.; Gibson, J. ; Koehoorn, M. Examining the Impact of Worker and Workplace Factors on Prolonged Work Absences Among Canadian Nurses. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, August 2011, vol. 53, no 8, p 919–927. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3182255dea

http://www.iwh.on.ca/at-work/66/health-care-Rx-reducing-work-absences-among-Canadian-nurses

Systematic review of intervention practices for depression in the workplace

Depression in the workplace is widespread, and workplaces feel its financial pinch in the form of absenteeism and presenteeism. Yet workplace programs that specifically target depression remain uncommon. This may be because little information is available on the effectiveness of these programs when it comes to improving outcomes of importance to employers. This systematic review set out to provide such information. Keeping the relevance and quality of studies in mind, it searched the research literature to look for successful interventions for managing depression in the workplace that were effective from an employer's point of view.

Source : http://www.iwh.on.ca/sys-reviews/workplace-depression-interventions

 

Are workplace health promotion programs effective at improving presenteeism in workers?

Presenteeism is highly prevalent and costly to employers. It is defined as being present at work, but limited in some aspect of job performance by a health problem. Workplace health promotion (WHP) is a common strategy used to enhance on-the-job productivity. The primary objective is to determine if WHP programs are effective in improving presenteeism. The secondary objectives are to identify characteristics of successful programs and potential risk factors for presenteeism.

Source: Cancelliere, C.; Cassidy, J.D.; Ammendolia, C.; Côté, P. Are workplace health promotion programs effective at improving presenteeism in workers? a systematic review and best evidence synthesis of the literature. BMC Public Health 2011, vol. 1, no 11 : 395doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-395
http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/11/395

La santé mentale au travail-Site Internet

Centre canadien d’hygiène et de sécurité au travail (CCHST) :
Ce nouveau site contient de l’information et des liens vers des ressources crédibles qui peuvent aider les milieux de travail à s’attaquer efficacement aux questions relatives à la santé mentale, dans l’objectif d’améliorer la santé psychologique des travailleurs. Il peut aider à mieux comprendre et à cerner les problèmes de santé mentale au travail, à s’attaquer aux problèmes présents, à définir et à mettre en œuvre des stratégies efficaces de promotion de la santé mentale au travail, ainsi qu’à trouver des ressources et des outils de qualité sur un éventail de sujets connexes

Source : http://www.cchst.ca/healthyminds/default.html

Le lean et ses effets sur la santé

En France, le lean management a du mal à s’installer dans un débat équilibré entre ses vices et ses vertus. D’où vient le malaise persistant devant cette nouvelle offensive du lean ?

 
Source : Lepetit, M. Le lean et ses effets sur la santé, La Revue de la CFDT no 103, p. 28-32
http://www.aprat.com/docs/le_lean_et_ses_effets_sur_la_sante__lepetit.pdf

 

Mental health promotion in the workplace – A good practice report

Mental health promotion (MHP) includes all the actions that contribute to good mental health. Its primary aim is to focus on what maintains and improves our mental wellbeing. It is important to highlight that optimally effective MHP should include a combination of both risk management and health promotion. In this good practice report you can find information on how to integrate MHP into a comprehensive approach to enhancing and promoting the health, safety and wellbeing of employees at work. Several of the case studies are particularly interesting because of their innovative and creative approaches.

Source : http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/reports/mental-health-promotion-workplace_TEWE11004ENN

 

Stress is number one cause of long-term absence for the first time as job insecurity weighs heavy on the workplace, finds CIPD/Simplyhealth Absence survey

Stress is, for the first time, the most common cause of long-term sickness absence for both manual and non-manual employees, according to this year’s Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (CIPD)/Simplyhealth Absence Management survey. A link between job security and mental health problems is also revealed in the survey. Employers planning to make redundancies in the next six months are significantly more likely to report an increase in mental health problems among their staff (51% compared with 32% who are not planning redundancies). For manual workers, stress is now level with acute medical conditions and has overtaken musculoskeletal problems to become the top cause of long-term absence. While among non-manual staff, stress has moved ahead of acute medical conditions.
Source : http://www.cipd.co.uk/pressoffice/_articles/absencemanagement051011.htm

L’impact des crises économiques sur la santé mentale des travailleurs

Les crises économiques et financières peuvent avoir une incidence défavorable sur la santé psychique des travailleurs et influer sur les régimes de sécurité sociale. Depuis les vingt dernières années, les conséquences des maladies psychiques inquiètent de plus en plus les directeurs des différents régimes d'assurance, plus particulièrement en ce qui concerne les assurances invalidité et maladie. Les données actuelles et rétrospectives montrent l'impact significatif des crises socio-économiques sur la santé mentale et mettent en évidence les répercussions possibles de la dernière crise financière et économique sur la santé psychique des travailleurs et leur implication pour les régimes de sécurité sociale.

Source : http://www.issa.int/fre/Breves-et-evenements/News2/L-impact-des-crises-economiques-sur-la-sante-mentale-des-travailleurs

Negative workplace vibe triggers mental illness, study says

A newly released survey on mental health in the workplace shows there could be a connection between stressful and negative working conditions and the mental health of workers. Most mental health problems, the study finds, are a result of a negative or mentally toxic workplace. The survey, conducted by the Institute of Health Economics (IHE), a not-for-profit research organization in Alberta, found that most mental health problems stem from negative working conditions. Researchers went on to conclude that the most effective way to promote mental well-being in the workplace is to change the work culture. Abstract : http://www.ihe.ca/publications/library/2011/the-alberta-survey-of-addictive-behaviours-and-mental-health-in-the-workforce-2009/

Source : http://www.ihe.ca/documents/IHE%20Addictive%20Behaviours%20and%20Mental%20Health%20Workplace%20Report.pdf

 

New risks and trends in the safety and health of women at work : European Risk Observatory

In 2009 and 2010, the Agency commissioned an update to its previous research on gender issues at work , which found that inequality both inside and outside the workplace can have an effect  on the health and safety of women at work. This summary provides a policy perspective and is meant to contribute to the task outlined by the European strategy on health and safety at work for EU-OSHA's European Risk Observatory, “examining the specific challenges in terms of health and safety posed by the more extensive integration of women in the labour market”. It provides a statistical overview of the trends in employment and working conditions, hazard exposure and work-related accidents and health problems for women at work. It explores selected issues (combined exposures, occupational cancer, access to rehabilitation, women and informal work, and “emerging” female professions such as home care and domestic work). The research highlights the type of work carried out by women, issues faced by younger and older women, the growth of the service sector, violence and harassment, and increasingly diversified working time patterns as major risk factors.

Source : http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/reports/new-risks-trends-osh-women

A Disposable Work Force: Farm Worker Advocates Push for Agricultural Worker Protections

A new report published by the advocacy organization Farmworker Justice criticizes the H-2A temporary guest work visa program, claiming it makes agricultural workers vulnerable to poor working conditions. Farm worker advocates argue that to improve these conditions, foreign agricultural workers should be able to seek legal immigration status. The report, “No Way To Treat a Guest: Why the H-2A Agricultural Visa Program Fails U.S. and Foreign Workers,” outlines why this visa system, which “allows agricultural employers to hire foreign guest workers on temporary work visas to fill seasonal jobs,” is flawed and exposes workers to abuse. According to the report, the H-2A guest worker program:
· Does not provide adequate protection against the exploitation of guest workers;
· Drives down wages and working conditions for domestic workers;
· Creates an incentive for employers to prefer guest workers over domestic workers;
· Creates an atmosphere in which employers are able to violate the rights of workers in “rampant and systemic” ways;
· Fosters abuse in the recruitment of foreign guest workers; and
· Deprives farm workers of bargaining power and political influence.

The report, which is based on interviews with former and current H-2A workers, can be viewed or downloaded at : http://farmworkerjustice.org/images/stories/eBook/pages/fwj.pdf

Source : http://ehstoday.com/health/agricultural-worker-protections-0909/

 

Informal workers across Europe: evidence from 30 Countries

The European Social Survey data are used to analyze informal employment at the main job in 30 countries. Overall, informality decreases from South to West to East to North. However, dependent work without contract is more prevalent in Eastern Europe than in the West, except for Ireland, the UK and Austria. Between 2004 and 2009, no cases found when unemployment and dependent informality rates in a country went up together, suggesting that work without contract is pro-cyclical in Europe. Dependent informality rate is inversely related to skills (measured by either schooling or occupation). The low-educated, the young (especially students), the elderly, and persons with disabilities are more likely to work informally, other things equal. In Southern and Western Europe, immigrants from CEE and FSU feature the highest dependent informality rate, whilst in Eastern Europe this group is second after minorities without immigrant background. In Eastern, Southern and part of Western Europe, immigrants not covered by EU free mobility provisions are more likely to work without contracts than otherwise similar natives. We provide evidence that exclusion and discrimination play important role in pushing employees into informality, whilst this seems not to be the case for informal self-employed. Both on average and after controlling for a rich set of individual characteristics, informal employees in all parts of Europe are having the largest financial difficulties among all categories of employed population (yet they fare much better than the unemployed and discouraged), whilst informal self-employed are at
least as well off as formal employees.

Source : http://ftp.iza.org/dp5871.pdf

Migrants workers : Health and Human Mobility in the 21st Century

A billion people are on the move today – a seventh of humanity. More than 214 million people are living in a country other than their own as international migrants, half of whom are women. Current trends indicate that international mobility will be a key feature of the 21st Century.

Barents Newsletter, 2011, vol. 14, no 2

 

TEMPO : Travail, EMploi POpulations

L’ambition du projet TEMPO : mettre le travail au centre des négociations
Face à ces nouvelles obligations le réseau Anact se donne pour objectif de mieux faire prendre en compte les questions du travail dans les prochains accords pénibilité et égalité professionnelle. Il fait le choix d’accompagner un nombre significatif d’entreprises pour faire prévaloir une démarche fondée sur l’articulation entre travail et populations rendant ainsi l’approche plus cohérente. Pour cela, le réseau Anact a complété son offre de service à destination des entreprises avec le dispositif TEMPO.

Source : http://www.anact.fr/web/services/TEMPO

Cumul études-travail : les étudiants font face à toute une gamme de risques pour leur santé

Travaillant principalement dans les secteurs du commerce de détail, de l’hébergement et la restauration, les étudiants sont exposés à de multiples contraintes organisationnelles. L’Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (IRSST) vient de publier les résultats d’une étude visant à déterminer les effets du cumul d’activités et de contraintes du travail sur la santé et la sécurité d’étudiants qui travaillent pendant leurs études. Cette réalité est préoccupante lorsque l’on sait que les jeunes Canadiens figurent au premier rang parmi les neuf pays de l’Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques (OCDE) au regard du nombre moyen d’heures hebdomadaires consacré au travail et aux activités pendant la semaine d’école.

Source : Santé et sécurité des étudiants qui occupent un emploi durant l’année scolaire : les effets du cumul d’activités et de contraintes de travail
 http://www.irsst.qc.ca/media/documents/PubIRSST/R-705.pdf

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