2010-05-01 12:00 - Messages

Suicide et activité professionnelle en France : premières exploitations de données disponibles

La conduite suicidaire est un processus complexe et multifactoriel. S'il est aujourd'hui difficile de comptabiliser le nombre exact de suicides en lien avec le travail, il existe néanmoins certaines données permettant d'approcher cette problématique. Cette étude a pour objectif de décrire la mortalité par suicide et son évolution au cours du temps dans la population des salariés (hommes) selon les secteurs d'activité auxquels ils appartiennent.

Source : http://www.invs.sante.fr/display/?doc=publications/2010/suicide_activite_professionnelle_france/index.html

 

Workplace Mental Health Promotion: A How-To Guide

The purpose of this resource is to provide workplace intermediaries with a high-quality, research-based, practical tool to improve the health of individuals and organizations. This resource uses a comprehensive workplace health promotion approach and promotes a continuous process that looks at environmental improvement (physical, psychosocial, organizational, economic), personal empowerment and personal growth.

Source : http://wmhp.cmhaontario.ca/

Asian-Pacific Newsletter 1/2010 Occupational health and safety training

Asian-Pacific Newsletter 1/2010 Occupational health and safety training .

Source : http://www.ttl.fi/en/publications/electronic_journals/asian_pacific_newsletter/archives/Documents/Asian_Pacific1_2010.pdf

RPS : le dispositif conventionnel complété par un accord sur le harcèlement et la violence au travail

Les partenaires sociaux sont parvenus le 26 mars dernier à un accord sur le harcèlement et la violence au travail. S'il s'appuie sur les définitions proposées par l'accord européen, le texte français va cependant parfois plus loin, en établissant un lien potentiel entre le stress lié à des facteurs tenant à l'organisation du travail et au management et les phénomènes de harcèlement et violence, ou encore en insistant sur les mesures de protection collective.

Source : http://www.anact.fr/portal/page/portal/AnactWeb/DOSSIERS_THEMATIQUES/W_A_1_SANTE_TRAVAIL/W_D_1_3_TROUBLES_PSYCHO?p_thingIdToShow=9741536

What works for you - How to help colleagues through tough times?

It can be hard to know what to do when someone you work with is going through a tough time or has a mental health problem. But knowing how to support your colleague can make a huge difference to how they cope. This booklet outlines how you can help and suggests where to go for further advice.

Source : http://www.mentalhealth.org.uk/publications/?entryid5=67219&q=684278%C2%ACwhat+works+%C2%AC

Nurses’ Experiences of Workplace Violence

Towards Effective Intervention
Issue Workplace abuse and violence in health care settings, particularly against nurses, is increasingly recognized as a problem of epidemic proportions, with negative implications for nurses' job satisfaction and ability to provide care effectively. This study explored nurses' experiences and perceptions of workplace violence and its impact, in order to increase the ability to intervene effectively on behalf of nurses abused at work. The study included a review of incident reports, interviews with nurses and the development of a DVD on workplace violence that demonstrates techniques for de-escalating potentially violent situations.

Source : http://www.worksafebc.com/contact_us/research/research_results/res_60_10_720.asp

Projet SATIN : Une recherche pour améliorer la SATisfaction des INfirmières au travail

Cette recherche s’adresse à toutes les infirmiers(ières) susceptibles d’accompagner une personne en fin de vie. Il n’est donc pas nécessaire de travailler uniquement en soins palliatifs pour y participer.

Dre Fillion, entourée d’une équipe de chercheurs multidisciplinaire, tente de mieux comprendre la relation entre le stress, la satisfaction et le bien-être des infirmières

Source : http://www.asstsas.qc.ca/nouvelles/liste-de-nouvelles.html#n-50c40df3-c282-4eb3-9adb-087bdd03662c

Mental Health and Working Conditions in European Countries

Increased pressure for labour market flexibility and increasing demand over workers? performance have fostered the idea that working conditions, in most European countries, have progressively deteriorated with adverse effects on psychological well-being and mental health. This paper investigates the links between contractual arrangements, working conditions and mental health using time-series cross-section data for 15 European countries.

Source : ftp://repec.iza.org/RePEc/Discussionpaper/dp4717.pdf

Caffeine for the prevention of injuries and errors in shift

Sleepiness leads to a deterioration in performance and attention, and is associated with an increased risk of injury. Jet lag and shift work disorder are circadian rhythm sleep disorders which result in sleepiness and can elevate injury risk. They create a need for individuals to operate at times which are different to those dictated by their circadian rhythms. Consequently there is also a need for interventions to help ensure that these persons can do so safely. Caffeine has a potential role in promoting alertness during times of desired wakefulness in persons with jet lag or shift work disorder, however its effects on injury and error are unclear.

Source : http://www.thecochranelibrary.com/details/file/692405/CD008508.html

Les entreprises peinent à gérer leurs seniors en dehors de la contrainte réglementaire

L'enquête "Panorama RH, les seniors au travail : quelle gestion pour quel emploi ?", menée par Ifop pour le compte du cabinet conseil BearingPoint, auprès d'une centaine de responsables RH des 500 plus grandes entreprises privées et organisations publiques françaises, montre que l'allongement de la vie professionnelle est une préoccupation encore peu prise en compte, dans son ensemble, par les entreprises.

Source : http://www.anact.fr/portal/page/portal/AnactWeb/NOTINPW_PAGES_TRANSVERSES/2_veille_sociale/NOTINMENU_NEWS_DETAIL?p_thingIdToShow=9469511

Bien-être et efficacité au travail

10 propositions pour améliorer la santé psychologique au travail
Le 5 novembre 2009, le Premier ministre nous a demandé de lui proposer des mesures pour améliorer les conditions de santé psychologique au travail. Le présent rapport est le fruit de nos t travaux, qui se sont déroulés du 15 novembre 2009 au 15 février 2010.
Il ne s'agit pas d'un rapport d'experts mais de « praticiens » : notre ambition était de mettre notre connaissance pratique du monde des salariés et de l'entreprise au service de ce sujet. Les dix propositions qui suivent, centrées sur l'entreprise privée, sont le reflet de nos expériences respectives, des nombreuses auditions que nous avons menées, mais aussi d'une conviction commune, celle que le sujet de la santé au travail réconcilie le social et l'économique. Investir dans la santé au travail est d'abord une obligation sur le plan humain : de plus, ce n'est pas une charge, c'est un atout pour la performance.

Source : http://www.gouvernement.fr/sites/default/files/fichiers_joints/Rapport_-Bien-etre_et_efficacite_au_travail-.pdf

Prendre en compte les âges dans l'entreprise : un guide pratique

L'Aract Basse-Normandie publie un guide pratique destinés aux DRH, dirigeants d'entreprises, membres de CHSCT, préventeurs.
Sur la base de cas concrets d'entreprises, il s'articule autour de 8 fiches qui traitent des préoccupations rencontrées par les entreprises : comment dépasser ses représentations sur les seniors ? Comment gérer les conséquences des conditions de travail passées ? Comment anticiper les enjeux liés à la gestion des âges ? Comment maintenir l'implication des salariés vieillissants ? Comment attirer et fidéliser de nouveaux salariés ? Comment recruter et comment maintenir en emploi les seniors dans le cadre d'un plan d'action senior ? Autant de questions auxquelles ce guide apportent des éléments de réponse.

Source : http://www.priorite-seniors.fr/actualites/14-prendre-en-compte-les-ages-dans-l-entreprise-un-guide-pratique.html

 

Work-Related Well-Being among Finnish Dentists 2003-2010

Oral health care has been subject to significant legislative reforms in the 21st century. The 2002 Dental Care Reform and the 2005 Care Guarantee have had an effect on the working conditions and well-being of both public and private sector dentists. It is necessary to understand the resources and solutions available for dentists and other oral health care professionals to adapt to changes in their occupation, stay well and healthy and continue their work successfully.

Source : http://www.ttl.fi/en/research/research_projects/work_related_well_being_among_finnish_dentists_2003_2010/pages/default.aspx

 

PRAISE Report 3 Fitness to Drive

The report looks into Fitness to Drive in the work-related context. A successful organisation will benefit in a number of ways from workplace health promotion, and it therefore makes sound business sense to ensure that employees are fit to drive. Driving for work is a demanding task and exposes employees to significant risks since conditions such as work related stress or sleepiness resulting from driving long hours can play a role. The report covers existing legislation, examples of initiatives and case studies, and recommendations to the EU, to EU Member States, and to employers.

Source : http://osha.europa.eu/en/news/etsc-eu-praise-report-3-fitness-to-drive

The association between overall health, psychological distress, and occupational heat stress among a large national cohort of 40,913 Thai workers

Abstract

 

Background: Occupational heat stress is a well-known problem, particularly in tropical countries, affecting workers, health and well-being. There are very few recent studies that have reported on the effect of heat stress on mental health, or overall health in workers, although socioeconomic development and rapid urbanization in tropical developing countries like Thailand create working conditions in which heat stress is likely. Objective: This study is aimed at identifying the relationship between self-reported heat stress and psychological distress, and overall health status in Thai workers. Results: 18% of our large national cohort (>40,000 subjects) often works under heat stress conditions and males are exposed to heat stress more often than females. Furthermore, working under heat stress conditions is associated with both worse overall health and psychological distress (adjusted odds ratios ranging from 1.49 to 1.84). Conclusions: This association between occupational heat stress and worse health needs more public health attention and further development on occupational health interventions as climate change increases Thailand's temperatures.

Keywords: occupational heat stress; psychological distress; poor overall health; Thailand
Benjawan Tawatsupa, Lynette L-Y Lim, Tord Kjellstrom, Sam-ang Seubsman, Adrian Sleigh, Thai Cohort Study Team
Source : http://www.globalhealthaction.net/index.php/gha/article/view/5034
Breast cancer link to shiftwork confirmed

Nearly 2,000 women contract breast cancer every year in the UK because they work night shifts, according to a new report. The figure, published by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE), is based on 2005 data and attributes 1,969 new cases of breast cancer and 555 deaths from the disease that year to shiftwork. It says: 'The estimate of nearly 2,000 breast cancer registrations due to shiftwork in our study is 54 per cent of all female occupationally-related cancer registrations.' Professor Andrew Watterson, head of occupational health research at Stirling University, urged HSE last year to act on international evidence confirming the link between breast cancer and shifts (Risks 407). However, HSE chief medical adviser John Osman, quoted in Hazards magazine in May 2009, responded: 'At present HSE does not think the evidence on a cancer risk is compelling enough to require more of employers than is already required of them in respect of protecting the health of employees who do shift work.' HSE's 2006 shiftwork guidance makes no mention of breast cancer risks, and HSE has made no specific recommendations on measures to protect workers.

Source : http://www.tuc.org.uk/h_and_s/tuc-17911-f0.cfm

Self-Reported and Reported Injury Patterns in Contemporary Dance Students

Abstract: Background: Injury is a major concern among dancers, as currently rates are reported as being high. The purpose of the present study was to assess the incidence and details of injuries across an academic year at a full-time contemporary dance school. Methods: A questionnaire was distributed to 57 dancers at the end of their first academic year. Reported injury information was also retrieved from a database as collected from a physiotherapist over the same period. Results: Differences were found between the reported and self-reported information, particularly with reference to shin injuries. The majority of injuries occurred in November and May, noted to be close to assessment periods. Conclusion: Injury rates in contemporary dance are high; notably, 89% of dancers reported one or more injuries. This problem is particularly evident in the lower limb.

Jo Baker, Daniel Scott, Katherine Watkins, Sheramy Keegan-Turcotte, Matthew Wyon
From:
Medical Problems of Performing Artists: Volume 25 Number 1: Page 10 (March 2010)

Source : http://www.sciandmed.com/mppa/journalviewer.aspx?issue=1183&article=1814

Psychosocial work environment and risk of ischaemic heart disease in women

The Danish Nurse Cohort Study
Objectives : To investigate the effect of work pressure and job influence on the development of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) in women.
Methods : The effect of work pressure and job influence on the 15-year incidence of IHD in women participating in the Danish Nurse Cohort Study was prospectively studied. A total of 12 116 participants, aged 45–64 years, were examined in 1993 using a questionnaire and were followed by individual linkage in the National Register of Hospital Discharges to the beginning of 2008. Work pressure, job influence, occupational characteristics, demographic factors and known biological and behavioural risk factors for IHD were collected at baseline.
Results : During follow-up, 580 participants were hospitalised with IHD. In the fully adjusted model, nurses who reported work pressure to be much too high had a 1.4-fold increased risk of incident IHD (95% CI 1.04 to 1.81) compared with nurses who reported work pressure to be suitable. A tendency towards a dose–response effect was found. Age-stratified analysis showed that this effect was significant only among the younger nurses (<51 years old at baseline). No association was found between job influence and IHD.
Conclusions : In this study we find that work pressure that is too high is a significant risk factor for IHD in younger female employees (<51 years of age). The results should be taken into account in the planning of primary prevention.

Source : http://oem.bmj.com/content/67/5/318.full

Le « bien vieillir » est indissociable du « bien travailler »

Une étude sur le suivi, la reconnaissance et la prise en charge des maladies d'origine professionnelle après le départ en retraite réalisée par l'union confédérale des retraités cgt et Émergences et associant cinq fédérations syndicales de retraités d'Europe. Présentée à La Rochelle le 12 avril 2010.
A partir de l'idée que la réforme des systèmes de retraite, amorcée dans de nombreux Etats membres de l'UE, obligera probablement des millions de travailleurs européens à travailler bien au-delà de 60 ans. Quelles seront les conséquences de cet allongement des carrières sur la santé des futurs retraités et leur qualité de fin de vie ?
Outre une description du cas français, le document offre une analyse des réponses à un questionnaire soumis à cinq Fédérations syndicales de retraités actives dans quatre pays européens (1). Les questions portaient sur les thèmes suivants : le lien entre médecine du travail et les autres médecines, la traçabilité des expositions, les difficultés rencontrées pour faire reconnaître une maladie professionnelles.

Source : http://www2.emergences.fr/fr/?p=794

Le transfert intergénérationnel des connaissances

Dossier thématique de la revue d'analyse comparée en administration publique Télescope (Vol. 16, no 1, hiver 2010)

Source : http://www.enap.uquebec.ca/OBSERVATOIRE/docs/Telescope/Volumes16/Telv16n1_intergenerationnel.pdf

Étude syndicale sur le suivi médical des travailleurs retraités

La réforme des systèmes de retraite, amorcée dans de nombreux Etats membres de l'UE, obligera probablement des millions de travailleurs européens à travailler bien au-delà de 60 ans. Quelles seront les conséquences de cet allongement des carrières sur la santé des futurs retraités et leur qualité de fin de vie ? Telle est la question traitée dans une étude publiée en avril 2010 par l'Union confédérale des retraités de la CGT (UCR-CGT).

Source : http://hesa.etui-rehs.org/fr/newsevents/newsfiche.asp?pk=1418

Stress, anxiété et dépression au travail

Existe-t-il des différences entre entreprises ?
En dépit du coût social très élevé du stress au travail, les déterminants des risques psycho-sociaux des salariés demeurent encore largement méconnus en France. Les études portant sur le stress professionnel sont généralement des études de cas, réalisées entreprise par entreprise, ce qui ne permet pas d’appréhender d’éventuels écarts entre les firmes. Le présent travail étudie les déterminants du stress, de l’anxiété et de la dépression sur la base d’un chantillon collecté par l’Institut Français d’Action sur le Stress sur la période allant de la fin de l’année 2000 à 2007, comprenant 10125 salariés répartis entre six entreprises françaises. Le sexe des enquêtés, leur diplôme, leur fonction, leur ancienneté ainsi que la firme dans laquelle l’activité est exercée sont autant d’éléments qui viennent rendre compte de façon pertinente non seulement du stress auto-reporté, mais aussi de l’anxiété et de la dépression. Néanmoins, les risques psycho-sociaux mesurés sur le lieu de travail semblent largement dépasser la seule dimension professionnelle comme l’atteste la présence bénéfique d’un conjoint sur le stress et la dépression.

Source : http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/47/06/02/PDF/LEMNA_WP_201013.pdf

Safety and Health for Younger Workers

This is the time of year that many young people begin thinking about summer jobs. For some teenagers, these jobs might be viewed as elective—that is, opportunities to gain work experience, spend time productively, or earn some spending money. For others, however, especially those in their late teens and early adulthood, these jobs pay the rent and buy groceries. New research from NIOSH illustrates that more needs to be done to ensure that as young people join the workforce they are better protected from hazards. On average each year from 1998 to 2007, about 800,000 workers 15 to 24 years of age were treated in emergency departments and nearly 600 died from work-related injuries. Younger workers were twice as likely as their older counterparts to be treated in hospital emergency departments for work-related injuries.

Source : http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/blog/nsb050410_youth.html

A meta-analytic examination of the relationship between job satisfaction and subjective well-being

The current meta-analysis examined the relationship between job satisfaction and subjective well-being (SWB). Consistent with the spillover hypothesis, we found positive relationships between job satisfaction and life satisfaction, happiness, positive affect, and the absence of negative affect. In addition, an examination of longitudinal studies suggested that the causal relationship from SWB to job satisfaction was stronger than the causal relationship from job satisfaction to SWB.

Source : http://bpsoc.publisher.ingentaconnect.com/content/bpsoc/joop/pre-prints/joop1031;jsessionid=5185a48nrc57k.alexandra

Shift work and health

Shift work — employment with anything other than a regular daytime work schedule — makes up a large part
of work in the Canadian economy. For at least 50 years, researchers have been exploring the question of whether working shifts poses a health hazard. This note summarizes the fndings of a selection of this research, including several review articles.

Source : http://www.iwh.on.ca/briefings/shift-work-and-health

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