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Study on reprotoxic chemicals
A range of legislative instruments are in place at EU level to manage and minimise the risks from occupational exposure to carcinogenic, mutagenic and reprotoxic substances. Carcinogenic chemicals can cause or promote cancers. Mutagenic chemicals can cause genetic mutations. Reprotoxic chemicals can damage the reproductive process. This study assesses a number of options for moderning the current EU legislation, in particular regarding reprotoxic chemicals Source: https://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=738&langId=en&pubId=8220&furtherPubs=yes
Agents fibrogènes et cancérogènes dans les mines d’or et de fer du Québec - Étude exploratoire
De récentes études ont mis en évidence que les travailleurs des mines d’or du Dakota et des mines de fer du Minnesota sont exposés à des particules minérales allongées (PMA). En particulier, les mineurs du Minnesota présentent un risque plus élevé de décès par cancer du poumon, par mésothéliome et par maladies cardiaques que la population générale. Comme l’intérêt renouvelé pour l’exploration de nouveaux gisements d’or et de fer dans le Nord...
Activation des éosinophiles humains par des nanoparticules
L'économie du Canada, comme celle de bien d'autres pays industrialisés, bénéficie du développement des nanotechnologies dont le fort potentiel peut être exploité dans plusieurs secteurs industriels. Un nombre croissant d'entreprises québécoises de production de nanoparticules (NP) est d'ailleurs déjà implanté et tout porte à croire que d'autres emboîteront le pas dans les années à venir. Ce faisant, non seulement le nombre de travailleurs œuvrant dans la fabrication...
Summary of evidence – Solvent-based hydrophobic coatings and risks for acute respiratory toxicity
Water repellent coatings are increasingly used by different industries to reduce water and dirt sticking to surfaces. The coatings can be applied by processes that minimise the risk that operators inhale the product but there is evidence that some products are applied by spraying, creating an inhalable mist. This review examined evidence about these coatings and whether lung disease occurs when applied by spraying. Scientific studies on the hazardous properties of these products, and clinical studies reporting lung disease in people using them, were considered. A consistent finding was that some...
Australian Work Exposure Study (AWES) - Carcinogen Exposures Construction Industry
A random, population-based sample of 5528 Australian workers participated in the Australian Work Exposure Study (AWES). Workers answered questions about the tasks they completed and the controls used at work. Based on their responses to those questions, the likelihood of exposure to 38 known or suspected carcinogens was estimated. The AWES focused on the most common tasks performed at work. Workers were not asked directly about their exposures to carcinogens and exposure levels were not measured in the workplace. This report describes the responses provided by 459 AWES participants categorised...
Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES) - Carcinogen Exposures Manufacturing Industry
A random, population-based sample of 5528 Australian workers participated in the Australian Work Exposure Study (AWES). Workers answered questions about the tasks they completed and the controls used at work. Based on their responses to those questions, the likelihood of exposure to 38 known or suspected carcinogens was estimated. The AWES focused on the most common tasks performed at work. Workers were not asked directly about their exposures to carcinogens and exposure levels were not measured in the workplace. This report describes the responses provided by 281 AWES participants categorised...
Reproductive and developmental toxicity of carbon-based nanomaterials
A literature review We summarized the findings of reproductive and developmental toxicity studies on carbon-based nanomaterials (CNMs). Placental transfer of fullerenes in rats and single-walled (SW) and multi-walled (MW) CNTs in mice was shown after intravenous injection. SWCNTs appeared to be embryolethal and teratogenic in mice when given by intravenous injection and induced death and growth retardation in chicken embryos. In mice-administered MWCNTs, fetal malformations after intravenous and intraperitoneal injections and intratracheal instillation, fetal loss after intravenous injection, behavioral...
Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES) - Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)
The Australian Work Health and Safety Strategy 2012-2022 (the Strategy) describes work-related cancer as a priority disorder and understanding current hazardous exposures and the effectiveness of controls as a research priority. The Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES) was a national survey that investigated work-related exposures among Australian workers to 38 agents classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as known or suspected carcinogens. Some polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are classified as a known or suspected human carcinogens by the IARC and the work...
New HSE guidance on Nanotechnology and updated website
HSE has produced new guidance aimed at employers, health and safety managers and SMEs who use or manufacture nanomaterials. The guidance is based on the generic principles of COSHH and good control practice and includes information on a range of nanomaterials. The nanotechnology website has also been updated and now includes information on the toxicological properties of nanomaterials. Source : http://www.hse.gov.uk/nanotechnology/index.htm?eban=rss -
Filling the Knowledge Gaps for Safe Nanotechnology in the Workplace
A Progress Report from the NIOSH Nanotechnology Research Center, 2004–2011. This 2012 update presents the program accomplishments of the NTRC from its inception in 2004 through 2011. It includes an analysis of the progress made toward accomplishing the goals and objectives of the NIOSH Strategic Plan for Nanotechnology Research and toward addressing the goals and research needs identified in the U.S. National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) Environmental, Health, and Safety (EHS) research strategy. Source : http://osha.europa.eu/en/news/int-filling-the-knowledge-gaps-for-safe-nanotechnology...
Polyneuropathy or encephalopathy caused by organic solvents, in isolation or in mixtures
The second edition of the Occupational Diseases Report 1317 enables quality-assured processing in cases with a suspicion of work-induced damage to the nervous system by organic solvents on the basis of technical and medical expert knowledge. In the first part, there is technical information with specific information on solvents and mixtures whose neuro-toxicity has been proved according to the current level of knowledge. The Report contains overviews on the incidence of the substances in various industries as well as substance dossiers with chemical and physical data, limit values and absorption...

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