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Study on reprotoxic chemicals
A range of legislative instruments are in place at EU level to manage and minimise the risks from occupational exposure to carcinogenic, mutagenic and reprotoxic substances. Carcinogenic chemicals can cause or promote cancers. Mutagenic chemicals can cause genetic mutations. Reprotoxic chemicals can damage the reproductive process. This study assesses a number of options for moderning the current EU legislation, in particular regarding reprotoxic chemicals Source: https://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=738&langId=en&pubId=8220&furtherPubs=yes
Agents fibrogènes et cancérogènes dans les mines d’or et de fer du Québec - Étude exploratoire
De récentes études ont mis en évidence que les travailleurs des mines d’or du Dakota et des mines de fer du Minnesota sont exposés à des particules minérales allongées (PMA). En particulier, les mineurs du Minnesota présentent un risque plus élevé de décès par cancer du poumon, par mésothéliome et par maladies cardiaques que la population générale. Comme l’intérêt renouvelé pour l’exploration de nouveaux gisements d’or et de fer dans le Nord...
Welding, Molybdenum Trioxide, and Indium Tin Oxide
IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans Volume 118 This volume of the IARC Monographs provides evaluations of the carcinogenicity of welding and welding fumes, molybdenum trioxide, and indium tin oxide. Worldwide, an estimated 11 million workers have a job title of welder, and around 110 million additional workers probably incur welding-related exposures. Welding can involve exposures to fumes, gases, ultraviolet radiation and electromagnetic fields, and co-exposures to asbestos and solvents. The extent and type of exposure can depend on the process used, the material...
IARC Monographs Volume 112: Some Organophosphate Insecticides and Herbicides
This volume of the IARC Monographs provides evaluations of the carcinogenicity of some organophosphate insecticides and herbicides, including diazinon, glyphosate, malathion, parathion, and tetrachlorvinphos. Diazinon acts on a wide range of insects on crops, gardens, livestock, and pets, but most uses have been restricted in the USA, Canada, and the European Union since the 1980s. Glyphosate is the most heavily used agricultural and residential herbicide in the world, and has been detected in soil, air, surface water, and groundwater, as well as in food. Malathion is one of the oldest and most...
IARC Monographs Volume 111: Some Nanomaterials and Some Fibres
This volume of the IARC Monographs contains evaluations of the carcinogenic hazard to humans of fluoro-edenite fibrous amphibole, silicon carbide fibres and whiskers, and carbon nanotubes. None of these agents had been evaluated previously by the Working Group. Source: http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Monographs/vol111/index.php
IARC evaluation of five organophosphate pesticides
A Working Group of 17 experts from 11 countries met at the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), the specialized cancer agency of the World Health Organization on 3-10 March 2015 to review the available published scientific evidence and evaluate the carcinogenicity of five organophosphate insecticides and herbicides: diazinon, glyphosate, malathion, parathion, and tetrachlorvinphos. A summary of the final evaluations together with a short rationale have now been published online in The Lancet Oncology , and the detailed assessments will be published as Volume 112 of the IARC Monographs...
Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES) - Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)
The Australian Work Health and Safety Strategy 2012-2022 (the Strategy) describes work-related cancer as a priority disorder and understanding current hazardous exposures and the effectiveness of controls as a research priority. The Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES) was a national survey that investigated work-related exposures among Australian workers to 38 agents classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as known or suspected carcinogens. Some polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are classified as a known or suspected human carcinogens by the IARC and the work...
Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES) - Formaldehyde
The Australian Work Health and Safety Strategy 2012-2022 (the Strategy) describes work-related cancer as a priority disorder and understanding current hazardous exposures and the effectiveness of controls as a research priority. The Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES) was a national survey that investigated work-related exposures among Australian workers to 38 agents classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as known or suspected carcinogens. Formaldehyde is classified as a known human carcinogen by the IARC and the work described in this report uses AWES data to:...
Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES) - Lead and lead compounds
The Australian Work Health and Safety Strategy 2012-2022 (the Strategy) describes work-related cancer as a priority disorder and understanding current hazardous exposures and the effectiveness of controls as a research priority. The Australian Work Exposures Study (AWES) was a national survey that investigated work-related exposures among Australian workers to 38 agents classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as known or suspected carcinogens. Some forms of lead are considered to be probable carcinogens and the work described in this report uses AWES data to: •...
Valeur toxicologique de référence pour le chlorure de vinyle : Avis de l’Anses Rapport d’expertise collective
Dans le cadre du programme de travail de l'Anses sur les VTRs cancérogènes, une phase pilote a été organisée afin de s'assurer de la mise en pratique de la méthode de construction proposée. Des profils toxicologiques et des VTRs ont été construits sous formes de prestation pour le benzène, le cadmium, l'éthanol, le naphtalène et le chlorure de vinyle. Source : http://www.anses.fr/Documents/CHIM2009sa0348Ra.pdf
US adds formaldehyde to list of carcinogens
As reported by Reuters, the U.S. government has added formaldehyde, a substance found in plastics and other commonly used products, to a list of known carcinogens and warned that the chemical styrene might cause cancer. In a report prepared for the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), scientists warned that people with higher exposure to formaldehyde were more at risk for nasopharyngeal cancer, myeloid leukaemia and other cancers. Source : http://www.hazmatmag.com/news/us-adds-formaldehyde-to-list-of-carcinogens/1000473080/
Reducing Cytotoxic Drug Exposure in Healthcare: Determinants Influencing Cleaning Effectiveness
Many cytotoxic drugs used to treat cancer and other diseases are known to be carcinogenic or mutagenic. Health care workers who handle these drugs may be at risk of developing adverse health effects such as organ toxicities, reproductive problems, tumours, and cancer. Although several guidelines for cytotoxic drug handling exist, studies have shown that contamination can occur even when proper engineering controls are in place. Using laboratory research methods, this project examined the effectiveness of the cleaning agents used to clean surfaces contaminated with the three cytotoxic drugs most...

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