Parcourir par tags

Tous les tags » Secteur du bâtiment et des travaux publics » Système respiratoire » Effets sur la santé (RSS)
Rhinite et asthme en relation avec les activités de soudage et de brasage
Les différents procédés de soudage et techniques connexes ont la particularité de générer des fumées dont la composition et l'intensité d'émission varient selon la technique employée et la nature des métaux travaillés. Si le caractère irritant des fumées de soudage peut en lui-même induire ou aggraver une rhinite ou un asthme, certains de leurs constituants peuvent également être impliqués dans l'apparition de rhinite et d'asthme par l'intermédiaire...
A case-control study of airways obstruction among construction workers
Background: While smoking is the major cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), occupational exposures to vapors, gases, dusts, and fumes (VGDF) increase COPD risk. This case-control study estimated the risk of COPD attributable to occupational exposures among construction workers. Methods: The study population included 834 cases and 1243 controls participating in a national medical screening program for older construction workers between 1997 and 2013. Qualitative exposure indices were developed based on lifetime work and exposure histories. Results: Approximately 18% (95%CI ...
The Risk of Lung Cancer After Cessation of Asbestos Exposure in Construction Workers Using Pleural Malignant Mesothelioma as a Marker of Exposure
Objective: To study the risk of lung cancer in heavily asbestos-exposed workers after the exposure to asbestos has ended. Methods: Lung cancer was studied in a cohort of 189,896 Swedish construction workers through a linkage with the Swedish Cancer Registry. Asbestos exposure was estimated by the incidence of malignant mesothelioma in the occupational group. Results: There were in total 2835 cases of lung cancer. Workers with heavy exposure to asbestos had an increased risk of lung cancer (relative risks = 1.74; 95% confidence interval, 1.25 to 2.41) before exposure ended and a similar risk to...
The Impact of Reduced Dust Exposure on Respiratory Health Among Cement Workers
An Ecological Study Objectives: To compare total dust exposure, prevalence of chronic respiratory symptoms, lung function, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among Tanzanian cement workers before (2002) and after (2010–2011) establishment of dust-control measures. Methods: Personal total dust-exposure measurements, questionnaire assessment for chronic respiratory symptoms, and spirometry were conducted in both examination periods. Results: Total dust exposure was lower in 2010–2011 than in 2002. The prevalence of most chronic respiratory symptoms and COPD was lower in...
Study links erionite in road gravel to associated pleural changes
Erionite in Road Gravel Associated With Interstitial and Pleural Changes—An Occupational Hazard in Western United States was published in the August 2011 edition of the Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine. The article provides the results of a study to determine the rate of chest radiographic abnormalities among residents of North Dakota potentially exposed to road gravel containing the fibrous mineral erionite. The study found that interstitial, pleural, or both changes typically associated with asbestos exposure were observed in seven (21 per cent) individuals. The primary...

Abonnement courriel

Messages récents

Catégories

Mots-Clés (Tags)

Blogoliste

Archives