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Heme oxygenase 1 polymorphism, occupational vapor, gas, dust, and fume exposure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in a Danish population-based study
Objectives: The number of dinucleotide repeats (GT)n modulate expression of heme oxygenase 1 (HMOX1), a stress response gene. Multiple repeats might affect chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) susceptibility. We aimed to investigate the association of this polymorphism with COPD and its interaction with occupational exposures (vapor, gas, dust, or fumes). Methods: This population-based cross-sectional study included 4703 Danes, aged 45–84 years. HMOX1 (GT)n was genotyped and grouped as short: ≤26, medium: 27–32 and long: ≥33 alleles. COPD was defined by the lower limit...
A case-control study of airways obstruction among construction workers
Background: While smoking is the major cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), occupational exposures to vapors, gases, dusts, and fumes (VGDF) increase COPD risk. This case-control study estimated the risk of COPD attributable to occupational exposures among construction workers. Methods: The study population included 834 cases and 1243 controls participating in a national medical screening program for older construction workers between 1997 and 2013. Qualitative exposure indices were developed based on lifetime work and exposure histories. Results: Approximately 18% (95%CI ...
Mise à jour d’une étude de cohorte sur le risque de cancer chez des travailleurs exposés aux fumées de bitume
Cancers pulmonaires : expositions professionnelles et types histologiques Une étude française sur le cancer du poumon s'est focalisée sur l'association entre certaines expositions professionnelles et le type histologique de cancer. Cette étude fait l'objet de deux publications récentes, l'une sur le lien entre les adénocarcinomes pulmonaires et le sexe, l'âge, le tabagisme et les facteurs professionnels ; l'autre est ciblée sur les caractéristiques des cancers pulmonaires chez les patients n'ayant jamais fumé...

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