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Évaluation des risques des professionnels exposés aux produits utilisés dans les activités de soin et de décoration de l’ongle
L'Anses publie ce jour les résultats de son expertise sur l'évaluation des risques pour la santé des professionnels exposés aux produits utilisés dans les activités de soin et de décoration de l'ongle. Au vu du grand nombre de substances auxquelles sont exposés les professionnels, l'Agence émet une série de recommandations à destination des différents acteurs concernés : les metteurs sur le marché, les professionnels du secteur, les pouvoirs publics, les institutions et organismes de...
Cross-Sectional Survey of Workers Exposed to Aliphatic Diisocyanates Using Detailed Respiratory Medical History and Questions Regarding Accidental Skin and Respiratory Exposures
Objectives: To identify possible cases of occupational asthma and assess accidental skin and inhalation exposures to aliphatic diisocyanates. Methods: Seventy-three employees from two plants, manufacturing or producing aliphatic diisocyanates, were surveyed using a detailed respiratory history questionnaire with additional questions on accidental skin and inhalation exposures. Further reviews of medical records and interviews were used to determine whether any of 15 employees with questionable responses had developed occupational asthma. Results: No cases of occupational asthma were identified...
Cross-Sectional Survey of Workers Exposed to Aliphatic Diisocyanates Using Detailed Respiratory Medical History and Questions Regarding Accidental Skin and Respiratory Exposures
Objectives: To identify possible cases of occupational asthma and assess accidental skin and inhalation exposures to aliphatic diisocyanates. Methods: Seventy-three employees from two plants, manufacturing or producing aliphatic diisocyanates, were surveyed using a detailed respiratory history questionnaire with additional questions on accidental skin and inhalation exposures. Further reviews of medical records and interviews were used to determine whether any of 15 employees with questionable responses had developed occupational asthma. Results: No cases of occupational asthma were identified...
Evaluation of Systemic Health Effects Following Dermal Exposure to Chemicals - TR 119
Risk assessment of chemicals, including the REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals) legislation, also cover assessments of dermal risk arising from exposure to chemicals. The European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals (ECETOC) has produced this guidance consisting of a tiered approach for the risk assessment of dermal exposure to a chemical. The process developed by the Task Force consists of three linked decision trees, i.e.: Derivation of a health-based reference value; Initial risk characterisation; Refined risk characterisation. It is...
Mists created by the use of compressed airlines for the removal of metalworking fluids - Assessment of the possible exposure health risks
The potential impact of the use of compressed air for the removal of residual metalworking fluids on health was investigated using a test chamber approach followed by a workplace study. The former had the advantage in that the background levels of particles could be reduced significantly. The greatest risk was found to be dermal exposure due to large droplets of MWF coating the worker's torso and arms. The visualisation of respirable mist using back lighting was not a reproducible phenomenon in either setting but in the test chamber, the use of particle counters revealed that a reduction in...
Skin...Exposed!
Take a postage stamp. Stick it to your arm. You've just covered 16 million cells, 55 hairs, 8 meters of nerves, 17,000 nerve endings, 5 meters of blood vessels, 500 sweat glands, and 83 oil glands. You've also just wasted 44 cents. Your skin is marvelously complex. It is your largest organ, accounting for 10% of your body's mass. It is also the site of 15 to 20 percent of all reported work-related illnesses according to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics. Skin can suffer direct, sensitizing, or systemic effects when exposed to hazardous chemicals. Direct exposure can corrode, irritate...
Skin diseases and dermal exposure: policy and practice overview
Skin diseases are the second most common work-related health problem in Europe. They represent more than 7% of all occupational illnesses and are one of the most important emerging risks related to the exposure to chemical, physical and biological risk factors. The fact that there is no scientific method to measure the level of the body’s exposures to risks via dermal contact and their physiological consequences, increases the importance of recognising risk factors and developing methods of assessing the level of exposure and controlling it. This report presents an overview of dermal exposures...

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