25 years of chemical accident prevention at OECD

This brochure marks 25 years of OECD's Chemical Accidents Programme. It explains the history of the programme and many of its achievements since it was established in 1988. Over the years, there have been many publications and events which have addressed various aspects of chemical accidents but there are three ‘milestone' publications which are especially noteworthy.
First, the OECD Guiding Principles for Chemical Accident Prevention, Preparedness and Response which set out guidance on the safe planning, construction and operation of installations as well as principles for the review of safety performance. They also address the mitigation of adverse effects should an accident occur through measures for emergency preparedness and response.
Second, the OECD Guidance on Safety Performance Indicators (SPIs) which serves as a guide for all stakeholders to determine if their implementation of the Guiding Principles has led to improved safety. They can be used by national authorities and enterprises to prepare their own SPIs. This guidance was published in 2008 in two volumes: the first for public authorities, communities and the public; and the second for industry.
Third, a document was published in 2012 entitled Corporate Governance for Process Safety: Guidance for Senior Leaders in High Hazard Industries. It identifies the main elements essential in the corporate governance of hazardous installations and is complementary to the Guiding Principles and the SPIs. It is aimed at senior leaders, for example CEOs and board members, who have the authority to influence the safety culture of their organisations.
The brochure also considers future activities to assist in accident prevention, preparedness and response. A key concept which sums up the way forward is vigilance. The Guiding Principles, the SPIs and the Guidance for Senior Leaders are important together with national measures. But unless all those involved in accident prevention, preparedness and response are aware of the principles and remain vigilant, and unless safety becomes embedded in the culture of enterprises, then accidents will continue to happen.

Source : http://www.oecd.org/chemicalsafety/risk-management/Chemical-Accidents-25years.pdf

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