Survival of Legionella pneumophila in metalworking fluids

HSE asked HSL to gather supporting evidence as to whether or not water miscible MWFs pose a Legionella infection risk and whether a Legionella risk assessment and appropriate actions are necessary. Three short studies were undertaken with the aim of determining a) whether free living Legionella survive in different types of MWF, b) whether amoebae, that act as hosts for the replication of Legionella, survive in different types of MWF and c) whether a greater concentration of Legionella cells can be detected in samples of used water-miscible MWFs compared to samples of potable mains water used in their preparation. In summary, the findings reported here suggest that neither free-living Legionella nor amoebae proliferate in water miscible MWFs.

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