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Prevalence of hearing loss among noise-exposed workers within the Mining and Oil and Gas Extraction sectors, 2006-2015
Background: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss (HL) among noise‐exposed US workers within the Mining, and Oil and Gas Extraction (OGE) sectors. Methods: Audiograms of 1.9 million workers across all industries (including 9389 in Mining and 1076 in OGE) from 2006 to 2015 were examined. Prevalence and adjusted risk as compared to a reference industry (Couriers and Messengers) were estimated for all industries combined and the Mining and OGE sectors and subsectors. Results: The prevalences of HL in Mining and OGE were 24% and 14%, respectively, compared with 16...
Occupational Noise-Induced Hearing Loss
Occupational hearing loss is preventable through a hierarchy of controls, which prioritize the use of engineering controls over administrative controls and personal protective equipment. The occupational and environmental medicine (OEM) physician plays a critical role in the prevention of occupational noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). This position statement clarifies current best practices in the diagnosis of occupational NIHL. Source: Mirza, R., Kirchner, D. B., Dobie, R. A., Crawford, J. et ACOEM Task Force on Occupational Hearing Loss. (2018). Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine...
Revue de la littérature sur les liens entre la surdité professionnelle et la presbyacousie
Cette revue de la littérature a été réalisée pour répondre à une série de questions concernant le processus d'acquisition de la surdité professionnelle. L'objectif général du projet visait à documenter comment s'acquiert la surdité professionnelle en relation, plus particulièrement, avec la presbyacousie. La revue de la littérature visait plus spécifiquement à 1) déterminer si l'exposition au bruit peut accélérer le processus de la presbyacousie;...
Prevalence of hearing loss among noise-exposed workers within the agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting sector, 2003-2012
Background: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss among noise-exposed US workers within the Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting (AFFH) sector. Methods: Audiograms for 1.4 million workers (17 299 within AFFH) from 2003 to 2012 were examined. Prevalence, and the adjusted risk for hearing loss as compared with the reference industry (Couriers and Messengers), were estimated. Results: The overall AFFH sector prevalence was 15% compared to 19% for all industries combined, but many of the AFFH sub-sectors exceeded the overall prevalence. Forestry sub...
Prevalence of Hearing Loss Among Noise-Exposed Workers Within the Health Care and Social Assistance Sector, 2003 to 2012
Objective: The purpose was to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss for noise-exposed U.S. workers within the Health Care and Social Assistance (HSA) sector. Methods: Audiograms for 1.4 million workers (8702 within HSA) from 2003 to 2012 were examined. Prevalences and adjusted risks for hearing loss as compared with a reference industry were estimated for the HSA sector and all industries combined. Results: While the overall HSA sector prevalence for hearing loss was 19%, the prevalences in the Medical Laboratories subsector and the Offices of All Other Miscellaneous Health Practitioners subsector...
Cross-sectional evaluation of an internet-based hearing screening test in an occupational setting
This cross-sectional study evaluates an online-based speech-in-noise test specifically designed for the detection of noise-induced hearing loss, in a representative population of noise-exposed employees. The test appears to be suitable for the screening of high-frequency losses, with sensitivity and specificity values of >80%. This study describes translational research for the application of this test in an occupational setting. Source: Rashid, M. S., Leensen, M. C., de Laat, J. A., & Dreschler, W. A. Scand J Work Environ Health . http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3629
Noise-Induced Hearing Loss Among Adults - United States 2011–2012
Introduction: The 2016 National Academies of Sciences report “Hearing Health Care for Adults: Priorities for Improving Access and Affordability” included a call to action for government agencies to strengthen efforts to collect, analyze, and disseminate population-based data on hearing loss in adults. Methods: CDC analyzed the most recent available data collected both by questionnaire and audiometric tests of adult participants aged 20–69 years in the 2011–2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to determine the presence of audiometric notches indicative...
Hearing Impairment Among Noise-Exposed Workers - United States, 2003–2012
Hearing loss is the third most common chronic physical condition in the United States, and is more prevalent than diabetes or cancer. Occupational hearing loss, primarily caused by high noise exposure, is the most common U.S. work-related illness. Approximately 22 million U.S. workers are exposed to hazardous occupational noise. CDC compared the prevalence of hearing impairment within nine U.S. industry sectors using 1,413,789 noise-exposed worker audiograms from CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Occupational Hearing Loss Surveillance Project. CDC estimated...
Surdité professionnelle : cas acceptés par la Commission de la santé et de la sécurité du travail au Québec
Mise à jour 1997-2012 Ce feuillet est la mise à jour d'une étude publiée en 2014. Il montre que le nombre de cas de surdité professionnelle causée par le bruit continue d'augmenter bien que cette maladie puisse être évitée, car les moyens de la prévenir sont connus. Source: https://www.inspq.qc.ca/publications/2018
NIOSH Study Spans over Thirty Years of Hearing Loss Trends
A new study from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) examines thirty years of hearing loss trends experienced by workers exposed to noise while on the job, across various industries. The study, published by the American Journal of Industrial Medicine , found that while progress has been made in reducing the risk of hearing loss within most industry sectors, additional efforts are needed within the Mining, Construction, and Healthcare and Social Assistance sectors. Source: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/updates/upd-03-04-15.html
Collecting Data on Worker Hearing Loss: Epidemiology in Action
Hearing loss is one of the most common chronic health conditions in the United States. Among older adults, it is third after high blood pressure and arthritis. Nearly 1 in 4 cases of hearing loss among workers is caused by exposures on the job. These exposures include loud noise and chemicals that can damage hearing, such as organic solvents, heavy metals and asphyxiants. To prevent more workers from losing their hearing, we need to know the size of the problem, identify the workers most at risk, and monitor trends in worker hearing loss for improvement. This requires epidemiological surveillance...
Nouvel outil de prévention de la surdité professionnelle
Aujourd'hui, en France, plus de trois millions de salariés sont exposés à des bruits potentiellement nocifs sur leur lieu de travail. L'INRS a mis au point Echoscan, un nouveau dispositif d'aide au diagnostic de la fatigue auditive qui permet de quantifier cette dernière avant qu'une perte auditive ne s'installe. En offrant une possibilité de dépistage précoce des effets du bruit en milieu professionnel, ce dispositif innovant pourrait révolutionner la prévention de la surdité au travail. Source: http://www...
Occupational Hearing Loss (OHL) Worker Surveillance Data
Background: Twenty-two million workers are exposed to hazardous noise in the United States. The purpose of this study is to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss among U.S. industries. Methods: We examined 2000–2008 audiograms for male and female workers ages 18–65, who had higher occupational noise exposures than the general population. Prevalence and adjusted prevalence ratios (PRs) for hearing loss were estimated and compared across industries. Results: In our sample, 18% of workers had hearing loss. When compared with the Couriers and Messengers industry sub-sector, workers employed...
Falls Risk and Hospitalization among Retired Workers with Occupational Noise-Induced Hearing Loss
L'étude vise à vérifier si une perte auditive d'origine professionnelle, contribue au risque de chute avec hospitalisation chez des retraités. Des hommes (≥ 65 ans) exposés au bruit en moyenne durant 30,6 ans et dont la perte auditive bilatérale moyenne est de 42,2 dB HL (3, 4 et 6 kHz) sont étudiés. 72 travailleurs retraités hospitalisés suite à une chute sont appariés à 216 retraités des mêmes secteurs industriels. Des modèles de régression logistique conditionnelle...
Occupational noise exposure and noise-induced hearing loss are associated with work-related injuries leading to admission to hospital
Objective: This study focuses on work-related injuries that required admission to hospital in a population of male workers exposed to occupational noise (≥80 dBA) which some displayed a hearing loss due to their exposure. Methods: The study population count 46 550 male workers, 1670 (3.6%) of whom incurred at least one work-related injury requiring admission to hospital within a period of 5 years following hearing tests conducted between 1987 and 2005. The noise exposure and hearing loss-related data were gathered during occupational noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) screening. The hospital...
Portrait de la surdité professionnelle acceptée par la Commission de la santé et de la sécurité du travail au Québec : 1997-2010
Troubles de l'audition sous surveillance Entre 1997 et 2010, une hausse importante du nombre de cas de surdité professionnelle acceptés par le régime québécois de santé et de sécurité au travail est observée. Cette augmentation remet en question l'atteinte de l'objectif du Programme national de santé publique (2003-2012) visant à réduire l'incidence de cette maladie. La surdité professionnelle reste un problème actuel puisque de nombreux travailleurs continueraient d'être...
Risk factors for hearing loss across occupations
A survey in Norway has investigated the link between a worker's job and the possible risk of hearing loss. While occupation was a factor in 2%–3% of the variance in hearing loss among men aged 45, it was of significance for less than 1% of women and young men. The most serious hearing problems in men were found among woodworkers, miners, electrical power line workers and cable jointers, carpenters, seamen and mechanics. Among women, there were only a few occupational groups indicating hearing problems. Source : http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/ewco/2013/09/NO1309019I.htm
Hearing Loss and Use of Hearing Protection Among Career Firefighters in the United States
Objective : To determine the prevalence and characteristics of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) and the use of hearing protection devices (HPDs) among career firefighters. Methods : A Web-based survey and a standard audiometric test were performed with 425 firefighters from three states in the United States. Results : More than 40% showed hearing loss in the noise-sensitive frequencies (4 and 6 kHz). The left ear showed significantly poorer hearing than the right ear. Firefighters having longer years of work in fire services demonstrated significantly worse hearing. Reported use of HPDs was 34...
Prevalence of hearing loss in the United States by industry
Background Twenty-two million workers are exposed to hazardous noise in the United States. The purpose of this study is to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss among U.S. industries. Methods We examined 2000–2008 audiograms for male and female workers ages 18–65, who had higher occupational noise exposures than the general population. Prevalence and adjusted prevalence ratios (PRs) for hearing loss were estimated and compared across industries. Results In our sample, 18% of workers had hearing loss. When compared with the Couriers and Messengers industry sub-sector, workers employed...
Noise-Induced Hearing Loss : Scientific Advances
Exposure to loud noise continues to be the largest cause of hearing loss in the adult population. The problem of NIHL impacts a number of disciplines. US standards for permissible noise exposure were originally published in 1968 and remain largely unchanged today. Indeed, permissible noise exposure for US personnel is significantly greater than that allowed in numerous other countries, including for example, Canada, China, Brazil, Mexico, and the European Union. However, there have been a number of discoveries and advances that have increased our understanding of the mechanisms of NIHL. These advances...
Noise and communication: A three-year update
Noise is omnipresent and impacts us all in many aspects of daily living. Noise can interfere with communication not only in industrial workplaces, but also in other work settings (e.g. open-plan offices, construction, and mining) and within buildings (e.g. residences, arenas, and schools). The interference of noise with communication can have significant social consequences, especially for persons with hearing loss, and may compromise safety (e.g. failure to perceive auditory warning signals), influence worker productivity and learning in children, affect health (e.g. vocal pathology, noise-induced...
Mining, Manufacturing, and Construction industries need better engineering controls for noise
The purpose of this study is to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss among U.S. industries. 2000–2008 audiograms for male and female workers ages 18–65, who had higher occupational noise exposures than the general population, were examined. Prevalence and adjusted prevalence ratios (PRs) for hearing loss were estimated and compared across industries. In our sample, 18% of workers had hearing loss. Workers in the Mining, Manufacturing, and Construction industries need better engineering controls for noise and stronger hearing conservation strategies. More hearing loss research is...
« Le bruit et la surdité professionnelle», formation en ligne gratuite pour le secteur automobile
Les statistiques récentes montre que les cas de surdité professionnelle représente la moitié des maladies professionnelles indemnisées du secteur service automobile et ce, avec une tendance à la hausse. Compte tenu de la difficulté de rejoindre les travailleurs du secteur, l’association offre un service gratuit d’autoformation en ligne. Source : Bonneau, M. Méfiez-vous du bruit, un irritant insidieux et impitoyable! Autoprévention, sept. 2012. http://autoprevention.qc.ca/articles/AP_2012-09_Bruit-Insidieux.pdf
La participation du travailleur à l’évaluation environnementale du bruit a généré de nombreuses pistes d’amélioration
Pour identifier les possibilités de réduction des expositions, les principales sources de bruit et notamment les différents dysfonctionnements générateurs de ces niveaux sonores ont été repérés par des groupes de travail polycompétents composés de superviseurs, d’opérateurs et d’agents maintenance. La participation de l’opérateur à l’analyse causale des risques de son environnement a favorisé son implication active dans les actions sécurité générant...
Report of an International Expert Symposium on the usefulness of Otoacoustic Emissions (OAE) Testing in Occupational Health Surveillance
HSE is interested in exploring options to improve the standards of noise health surveillance to assist dutyholders in meeting the aspirations of a robust occupational health surveillance model that enables early detection of signs or symptoms of ill health and useful and timely data that can enable preventative actions in reducing irreversible noise induced hearing. Source : http://www.hse.gov.uk/noise/OAE-expert-symposium-paper-jan-2012.pdf
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