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NIOSH Offers New Guidance to Help Musicians Protect their Hearing
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health published new guidance to help musicians and those who work in the music industry protect their hearing. Professional musicians such as orchestra, band members, music teachers, as well as others in the music industry such as disc jockeys, audio engineers, and crew members are all at risk for developing permanent hearing loss, ringing in the ears, and other hearing disorders from prolonged exposure to loud music. Exposures to noise exceeding 85 decibels over 8 hours (dBA) are considered hazardous, and if the noise reaches 100 dBA, it could...
Reducing the Risk of Hearing Disorders among Musicians
Musicians and others involved in the music industry are at risk of developing permanent hearing loss, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), and other hearing disorders from exposure to loud sounds. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) examines the risks associated with music exposure and provides recommendations to protect their hearing. Source:
Incidence and relative risk of hearing disorders in professional musicians
Background: Hearing disorders have been associated with occupational exposure to music. Musicians may benefit from non-amplified and low-intensity music, but may also have high risks of music-induced hearing loss. Aims: To compare the incidence of hearing loss (HL) and its subentities in professional musicians with that in the general population. Methods: We performed a historical cohort study among insurants between 19 and 66 years who were employed subject to social insurance contributions. The study was conducted with data from three German statutory health insurance providers covering the years...
Using a Starter Pistol, generates 166dB impulse noise (peak )at 0.5m
At the shooters ear a blocked barrel .22 caliber Starter Pistol produces significantly higher sound pressure levels (7-18dB) than a comparable .22 caliber pistol, regardless of ammunition. Use of hearing protection is required for shooter. Closest athletes and potentially some spectators are at risk according to current NIOSH and WHO sound exposure guidelines. Using a Starter Pistol, which generates 166dB at 0.5m, the shooter will have to be 256 meters(!!) or ~280 yards away from the athletes to adhere to Electronic Starter requirements. Starter Pistols and/or Blanks are used for high school, university...
Support and determination to get accustomed to hearing protector use are important factors in hearing conservation for musicians.
Despite a high level of sound exposure and a fairly large selection of earplugs available, musicians have often been reported to use personal hearing protectors only seldom. Musicians reported that earplugs hampered listening to their own and their colleagues' playing; earplugs affected either timbre or dynamics, or both. Additionally, several reasons related to discomfort of use were itemized. The research therefore tested subjects. With the REAT procedure, the values obtained in sound field were relatively close to the manufacturer's nominal specifications. Then, subjects were tested...
Un système de climatisation qui déplace de gros volumes d’air, mais lentement, si bien qu’on n’entend rien.
M.Tateo Nakajima, associé de la firme d'acoustique Artec parle de la nouvelle salle de concert de l'Orchestre symphonique de Montréal. Les qualités acoustiques de la nouvelle salle résultent avant tout du respect d'une exigence primordiale chez Artec concernant les bruits extérieurs: l'isolation phonique. Jack Diamond, membre du cabinet d'architectes Diamond-Schmitt, a trouvé le moyen de l'obtenir en faisant reposer la salle sur des coussins acoustiques en caoutchouc formant une enveloppe distincte des fondations extérieures...
Drummers are being evaluated with signs of hand and arm vibration exposure.
The health effects of vibration exposure in drummers can result from extended periods of contact between a drummer and the vibrating surface they are exposed too. Drummers particularly are at risk since they can be exposed to vibration through multiple body parts such as the hands-stick-drum head, feet-pedals-base drum head and or hi hat or from the buttocks-seat-floor interfaces. Drummers can develop symptoms including back pain, diminished sensation and dexterity in the hands or feet, decreased grip strength, vascular injury resulting in finger blanching or “white fingers”, tendonitis...
These Go to Eleven
Music-induced hearing loss hether it's rock, classical, hip hop, or something in between, at certain sound levels, repeated exposure to music can cause permanent hearing loss and/or ringing in the ears known as tinnitus. Recent studies by NIOSH researchers and others at nightclubs and other music venues show that all employees studied, regardless of occupation (waiters, bartenders, DJs, etc), were exposed to noise levels above the internationally recommended limits of 82-85 dB(A)/8 hours and were at a higher risk of developing hearing loss and/or tinnitus. A new term, music-induced hearing...
High Speeds, Higher Decibels
Stock car racing is loud. Many fans and drivers like it that way. "Noise is part of NASCAR," we are often told. We get it. In fact, efforts to reduce the noise in the 1970s by installing mufflers were quickly abandoned because the quiet cars were unpopular with racing teams and spectators alike. The problem is that repeated exposure to noise comes with consequences—permanent and irreversible consequences like hearing loss and ringing in the ears (tinnitus). For many years, those in the industry seemed to accept hearing problems as "part of the job." As drivers such as...
Vuvuzelas: What's the Buzz?
They have been compared to a heard of stampeding elephants, the drone of a thousand bees, or the sound of a goat being dragged to slaughter—and they are the latest craze at the World Cup. The vuvuzela, a plastic, meter-long South African horn sanctioned by FIFA as part of the "signature South African World Cup" has drawn criticism for disrupting the games, interfering with broadcasts, and potentially impairing spectators' hearing. Fans are lucky to attend a game or two, but what about the players, event staff, stadium workers, broadcasters and referees who are repeatedly exposed...
The Noise of Music
This Guidance is intended to provide practical guidelines to help workers and employers in the music and entertainment sectors to protect their hearing and meet their legal obligations.
Music festivals and outdoor events
Staff at a major music festival were exposed to very high noise levels without adequate care for their safety. This was a large music festival with more than 50,000 people present and with two major outdoor stages.

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